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Balkanci vs Konjušari: A Retrospective

2020.08.13 11:03 _kajGOD_ Balkanci vs Konjušari: A Retrospective

Western Perceptions of Slovenes, Croats & Serbs between 1918 - 1948

Content excerpted from Anglo-American print media

Summary: The state of affairs in Yugoslavia is contextualized through a comparison of the civilizational traits of its three primary ethnicities.
Slovenes & Croats are observed to be decidedly more Westernized, cultured and developed than Serbs and other South Slavs. This is attributed to their historical kinship with the Catholic West and long-term Habsburgian influences and is contrasted with the historical Eastern Orthodoxy and long-term Turco-Byzantine influences of their eastern brethren.
These key differences in conjunction with growing Serbian hegemony appear to be a major cause of the brewing ethnic tension in Yugoslavia, primarily between Croats and Serbs.
Reading Time: 12 min
The Serb, who has been under Turkish rule for over 400 years, and who on account of the barbarous Turkish oppression has always been in a state of rebellion, is a sturdy mountaineer, a fighter, a hardy and aggressive agriculturist and cattle raiser.
The Croatian and the Slovene, who during the same period of time have been under the rule of the autocracy of Austria and Hungary, and who have been in touch with the Teuton (German) and Italian civilization, are less sturdy but more subtle. They are very clever artisans and artists and merchants.
The Croatians have always excelled in art. Milka Ternina, the famous opera singer, is a Croatian; Mestrovich, the sculptor, is a worthy successor to his master Rodin, is a Croatian; Stefan, the great physicist of the University of Vienna, was a Slovene, and many other brilliant examples in art, literature, and science could be enumerated to prove that the Croatian and the Slovene stand high in the intellectual and artistic world.
published in 1918
https://i.imgur.com/0NWQkJx.png
Referring to Slovenia and Croatia, which form two of the most important sections of Jugo-Slavia, the writer finds that the people, though Slavs, are in many ways different from the Serbs. The Slovenes and Croats use the Latin characters in writing, whereas the Serbs use the Russian characters.
And while the greater part of the Serbs are members of the Orthodox Church, the Slovenes and Croats are almost entirely Roman Catholic, and among their peasantry religion has a much greater significance than it has among the Orthodox Serbs. The writer goes on to say:
"One cannot possibly travel and mix with the people as I have done without being struck by the fact that the civilization and culture of the Slovenes and Croats, particularly of the former, is vastly greater than that possessed by the Serbs.
"While the Serbs, especially the country people, possess courage and many other excellent qualities, one must admit that in almost every way except in the direction of things military, they are at least two hundred years behind their brothers and sisters who have now been freed from the domination of Austria-Hungary.
"The people know full well that their standards of life and culture are higher than those of Old Serbia, and they make no secret of the fact that they desire, expect and may insist upon measures of autonomy which will give them comparatively free hand, at least in local affairs."
published in 1920
https://i.imgur.com/C7GCxbc.png
There was for a time hostility between Serbia proper and Croatia. The Serbians, basing their demands upon the long fighting record of their country, sought to dominate the Croats. But the Croats have a history and culture of their own. Zaghreb (sic), the capital of Croatia, is a beautiful town. Its library and museum are especially noteworthy structurally and in contents.
published in 1921
https://i.imgur.com/8iZh8kR.png
One of the worst messes left by the war was in Jugo-Slavia. "Self-determination" left a strange and incongruous mixture. Old Serbia offered an established government with a King and the new territory, far exceeding her own in extent, was nominally annexed.
But it included Croats and Slovenes and Carniolians with which the Serbs had little in common in language, viewpoint, ambitions, customs, employment or religion.
published in 1921
https://i.imgur.com/AvupwBp.png
During four centuries the Serbs were under the Turks. During six centuries the Croats and the Slovenes were under Germans or Italians. The Serbs are adherents to the Orthodox Church. The Croats and Slovenese (sic) are nearly all Catholics.
During the war the Serbs fought with the allies while the Croats and Slovenes, against their will, were enrolled in the German ranks. The Serb is the fighter who liberated Jugoslavia; the Croats and Slovenes are workers and administrators.
Thus, while springing from the same stock, these peoples have had different education, and have different traditions. The difference is shown in all their activities. Belgrade is an interesting, but backward Balkan town, while Zagreb is a modern place of industry and art.
published in 1922
https://i.imgur.com/Frtbdsm.png
One racial group feels itself superior to the other, and thinks in consequence it ought to have a greater voice in the affairs of the country. The Serbians, for example, feel that by reason of their numbers and their experience in government and state-craft, they dominant (sic) part in guiding the country's destinies.
The Croats and Slovenes, on the other hand, feel that the education, culture and modern training they received under the Austrians, gives them an intellectual and cultural superiority over their brother Slavs to the South and that therefore they are the best qualified to lead the nation through the difficult days of organization, reconstruction and consolidation.
published in 1922
https://i.imgur.com/ScDIedJ.png
In the case of Jugoslavia, the Croats, the Slovenes and the Dalmatian Serbs (sic), by their own volition, threw off the yoke of the Hapsburgs. They were equally rebellious against Austrian and Magyar domination. But in the long centuries during which they had been subjects of Austria they had shared in the developments of a modern state, industrially and commercially, at the least.
Serbia, on the contrary, was at once a backward agricultural country and industrially primitive. The land was divided among the peasants and the population lived almost exclusively in the rural districts. There were no really considerable cities, few railways, poor roads and all the circumstances which marked off the Balkans from the rest of Europe.
published in 1923
https://i.imgur.com/QfrHkt8.png
The Croatians and Slovenes are more numerous than are the Serbs. Moreover, intellectually they claim to be on a higher level. During the centuries while the Serbs were under the Turkish yoke the Croats and Slovenes were under Austria and profited by the higher standard of civilization. While the Serbs were busy fighting for their independence the Croats and Slovenes were enjoying almost complete tranquility under the protection of the then mighty Austrian empire.
The result is that, while intellectually the Serbs have remained somewhat backward and the other two Slav races have progressed, the latter are a negligible quantity in a military way, while the Serbs are probably the best soldiers in the Balkans. Because they consider themselves intellectually so far ahead of the Serbs, the Croatians and Slovenes demand, if not supremacy in the kingdom, at least an equal footing with the Serbs.
published in 1924
https://i.imgur.com/zHxJgNQ.png
The Croats and Slovenes came under the influence of the Austrians and Hungarians. Most of them were converted to Roman Catholicism, and today they are Roman Catholics. They were affected by the civilization of the Latins rather than that of the east. They use the Latin alphabet and in the new kingdom many of the papers are printed in both Latin and Greek letters, the words being the same. This is true of the Congressional Record of the new parliament and of many public documents.
These two branches of culture clash in the making of the new nation of Jugoslavia. The Serbs think more like the Russians. The Croats and Slovenes, although they are cousins to the Serbs, are inclined to think somewhat like the Latins. The Croats and Slovenes rather despise the Serbs for their roughness and the Serbs look down upon them as weakened and on the way to degeneration. The orient and the occident clash, as it were.
published in 1924
https://i.imgur.com/JDAzfjc.png
Political strata in Yugoslavia are still subject to the danger of serious internal strains. The official name of this new State is the Kingdom of the Serbs, the Croats and Slovenes. The name itself suggests the chief source of peril.
There are wide differences between the Serbs on the one hand and the Croats and Slovenes on the other. This "fault" follows the boundary between the influence of the two Romes, the Eastern and the Western. The Serbs looked to Constantinople for their religion and culture. The Croats and Slovenes derived theirs from Rome of the Catholic Church.
published in 1924
https://i.imgur.com/zhlviJw.png
The (Yugo)Slavs of the south differ from those in the north. Mixture of races has brought new characteristics. Germans and Hungarians have mixed with the Slovenes and Croats of the north. Italians have mixed with the populations along the coast. The Serbs have mixed with Greeks and Turks. And there are still traces of Turkish occupation in Serbia and German possession of Slovenia.
The Croats and the Slovenes are blonder than the Serbs or Montenegrins or the people from the coast. Indeed, in the hundreds of dark years in the history of the Balkans, who can tell what racial changes occurred?
During many centuries the Slovenes and Croats lived under the civilizing and softening influence of Vienna and Budapest. They became Catholics. They became versed in the arts and sciences. The Serbs, during almost as many centuries, were educated by the Turks. They learned bad government and stubborn, passive resistance. Finally they became free, and during 12 years fought almost constantly trying to defend their country. Theirs was a hard school. They had no time for education in arts and sciences outside of the art of war.
published in 1928
https://i.imgur.com/yrfaEeh.png
The Serbians are Greek Orthodox, the Croats and Slovenes are Roman Catholics, and there are numerous Mohammedans in Bosnia and Macedonia. The Serbians have Cyrillic letters; the Croats and Slovenes, Latin.
But above all, the Serbians and Croats come from a different culture. Until a few decades ago the Serbians belonged to Turkey and hence to the Balkans, and the Croats belonged, as Austro-Hungarian subjects, to the Western cultural world.
published in 1928
https://i.imgur.com/AsmfS5t.jpg
It is impossible to write of Yugoslavia as a whole. The North is frankly Austrian. Zagreb and Ljubljin (sic), the capitals of Croatia and Slovenia, are gay Germanic cities with excellent hotels and opera. They have an air of well kept purposeful prosperity. Their culture is particularly emphasized in order that politicians and officials may show the superiority of their Western veneer to Belgrade, which they consider Eastern and barbarian!
published in 1928
https://i.imgur.com/MTd4iEy.jpg
When the great war ended, Croats, Serbs and Slovenes came together. The idea of the Croats was to have some sort of federated state. But they were overborne and the big new state of Jugo-Slavia was formed.
For ten years there has been dissatisfaction. It centers in Belgrade, the capital of the majority, and in Zagreb, formally known as Agram, the chief city of Croatia. Zagreb is a splendidly built, thoroughly modern metropolis of 100,000 people. Belgrade is slattern, slovenly. The citizen of Zagreb looks on Belgrade with contempt.
The Croats and Slovenes complain the Serbs seek to centralize all power in Belgrade; that taxes are collected and money spent for the aggrandizement of what was once Serbia to the detriment of the other portions of the triune kingdom.
Religion, too, plays a big part. Old Serbia in the main is orthodox like Russia. Croatia, in the main is Roman Catholic. The Zagreb business man is a better one than his rival of Belgrade. The Croatian farmer is a more up-to-date agriculturist than the Serbian.
published in 1928
https://i.imgur.com/JYUwC7z.png
The Serbs do not take the Croats into their confidence; they show distrust and reserve; they carry on the internal and foreign policy of Jugoslavia without permitting the "Pretchani" to participate. The Croats say, "We are a nation of superior culture and traditions. We are asked to submit to the rule of an inferior people. We are treated as a conquered province."
published in 1928
https://i.imgur.com/r3X4GUQ.png
Croats and Slovenes are Western peoples with a Western inheritance of culture, administration and custom. The Serbs are Orientals. Even the religious denominations are different. The Croats and the Slovenes are Roman Catholic, the Serbs are Orthodox.
Ever since the union of the Croats and Slovenes with Serbia in a single Jugoslav state the Croats have conducted a campaign against what they have often described as the "Balkanization" of their country. Through Rome, Venice and Vienna the Croats have a long tradition of ordered rule and a strong and proud belief in their right to at least an equal share in governing the Triune kingdom.
The Serbs are proud of their military record. They admit that their original culture is more Byzantine than Western. They admit that in Zagreb, the capital of Croatia, there may be more culture than in Belgrade. But they say "It is only our military resistance, our dogged courage, our record of battles than created an independent Jugoslavia."
published in 1929
https://i.imgur.com/57Y03D3.png
By contrast with the Serbs, the Croats and Slovenians have lived for long centuries within the Hapsburg monarchy. They have adopted the customs and methods of Western Europe, the manners of living, the system of doing business. And this is also measurably true even of the Serbs of Bosnia, who came under Austrian administration nearly half a century ago.
The Serb of Serbia and Montenegro, on the other hand, continued to live the primitive life, which had antedated the Turkish invasion. The mass of the population lived on small farms, their customs were those of the Middle Ages, their methods of doing business were equally ancient, and their political morals were poisoned fatally by the double vices of corruption and violence. Magnificent as fighters, the Serbs were and remain totally ignorant of all Western method and manners.
But having freed their race brethren, the Serbs undertook to rule them. And in practice that meant the control of civilized and progressive elements by backward and primitive fractions. The Serbians were fighters and farmers, but the Croats and Slovenians were men of affairs, in the modern sense. To see their national business run in accordance with ideas which were at best obsolete with the collapse of the Turk was naturally intolerable.
And the Croats, who have a proud tradition and certainly represent all that is most progressive and educated in the Jugoslav state, naturally undertook at once to resist a domination conducted from Belgrade, which treated Croatia as a conquered province.
published in 1929
https://i.imgur.com/RjREDFi.png
In the centuries of different political unities the three branches of the one race developed quite differently. The Serbs have been independent of Turkey since 1878, after 500 years of Turkish oppression. They remain ignorant peasants, without even modern agricultural implements, but dependent upon wooden plows. The religion - what there is of it - is "Orthodox Greek."
The Croats have been under the influence of Hungarian civilization and are farther developed in literacy and industrial prosperity. While the Croats pose as the Peasant-Democracy, they include many wealthy aristocratic families.
The Slovenes, too, have been under modern European influences, through their connection with Austria. Both Croats and Slovenes are Catholics. Civilization in Yugoslavia is highest in the northern parts where live 1,200,000 Slovenes and 3,000,000 Croats, rather than among the 5,000,000 Serbs of the south.
published in 1929
https://i.imgur.com/F1htUra.png
History has worked to emphasize the differences between the Jugoslavs. While all the nations in Europe are Western or Eastern, the Jugoslav nation seems divided into two parts by the imaginary diagonal line dividing East and West in Europe.
Lubljana (sic), the main city of the Slovenes, near the Italian frontier, is one of the most Catholic centers in Europe, while Belgrade is Orthodox; Zagreb, the capital of Croatia, is a town of strong Western vitality, while Sarajevo is more Turkish than modernized Stambul (sic).
In Slovenia, around Lubljana, we find one of the most perfect developments of the modern proletariat, while Serbian Montenegro brings us back to the class system as in pre-French Morocco.
As a rule, all of the Jugoslavs who until 1918 belonged to the Austrian Monarchy had become Western Europeans - or, at least, they looked so.
The two parts of the nation being so different, the Croats say more and more of the Serbians: "They are Balkanics, they are Orientals," while the Serbians, proud of their war record, look with contempt on the Croats and call them "Austrian."
published in 1931
https://i.imgur.com/p1LQp8s.png
The three elements of the Jugoslav kingdom, though belonging to the same racial stock, represent considerable national and cultural difference. The old Serbs, the most sturdy stock of the Southern Slavs, are less refined, less influenced by Western culture than their brethren of Croatia and Slovenia. However, they naturally took the lead in the formation of the new tri-partite kingdom, trying to make the old Serb element the dominating factor in the life of the new state because they deemed it their right won by four years of war.
Such an assumption irritated the Croatians and the Slovenes, who, since 1878, constantly and gradually became westernized under the influence and rule of Austria-Hungary and who were unwilling to submit to the domination of the less cultured Serbian element. The Croatians especially resented the attitude of the old Serbs.
published in 1932
https://i.imgur.com/mDlLfQd.png
The fire of rebellion burns most fiercely in Croatia, whence came the assassin, Petrus Kelemen.
Surpassing the Serbs in culture and economic development, the Catholic Croats of Croatia-Slavonia and Dalmatia, numbering three millions, clamor for autonomy. But always Alexander had refused.
published in 1934
https://i.imgur.com/7h949p8.png
Yugoslavia has not yet been unified. It is too early to speak of Yugoslavia as a political entity a variety of people like Serbs, Croats, Dalmatians, Albanians, Germans, Hungarians, Bulgars and Rumanians (sic) have not been assimilated.
There are too many religious and political differences between its component parts; too many differences in the levels of education of its people. The Serbs, who for centuries were under rule of the Turks, have a somewhat Oriental outlook on life. The Croats, Slovenes and Dalmatians, who were under Austro-Hungarian rule, have a Western political philosophy.
published in 1939
https://i.imgur.com/SwqB15x.png
The hard core of the nation are the Serbs, a primitive peasant folk, fanatically devoted to their independence, won a century ago after many generations of struggle against their former Turkish masters. Their intense nationalism has a religious tinge from their devotion to their Orthodox Church, which is the symbol of their national identity.
Very different in history and temperament are the Croats and Slovenes of the northern provinces. These folk were civilized and Christianized from the West. They are therefore Roman Catholics, use the Latin alphabet and look westward for their culture and attitude toward life. Never under Turkish rule, they formed part of the Hapsburg Empire until it vanished during the Great War.
published in 1941
https://i.imgur.com/Apvx73z.png
The South Slavs, especially the Serbs, are a rather primitive people. Foreigners used to crack jokes about their new capital, Belgrade, which certainly is no Paris. Zagreb, the capital of Croatia, is much more beautiful and much more civilized.
published in 1941
https://i.imgur.com/HKVEV6J.png
The fundamental issue which has disturbed Yugoslavia since the creation of the kingdom has been the nationality problem. The federal democratic solution - originally promised by the dominant Serbs - was later rescinded in favor of authoritarianism and centralization. Serbs, Croats and Slovenes are nations with profoundly different cultural inheritances. Serbia is Greek-Orthodox; Croatia and Slovenia are Catholic.
Serbia lived for centuries under the Ottoman Empire and retained many oriental political practices. Croatia and Slovenia were part of the Western European Austro-Hungarian Empire. The very aspect of the cities and countryside and the way of life of the people is different. Yet the majority of all South Slavs wish to live in a South Slav state; the Croats and Slovenes fought for it in the Austrian monarchy. But they did not and do not wish to live under centralized Serbian rule, in many respects backward compared to previous Hapsburg rule.
published in 1943
https://i.imgur.com/SSQUDtH.png
The main line of division is that between the Serbs with their Greek Orthodox faith, their Byzantine culture and their background of long subjection to the Turks on the one hand, and on the other hand the Croat-Slovenes, who got their religion and culture from the Latin West and lived for centuries under the Hapsburg Empire.
But there are still other groupings like the large Mohammedan minority in Bosnia-Herzegovina, the Dalmatians of the Adriatic coast with their legacy of Italian influence, and the Macedonians who are partly Bulgarian.
published in 1944
https://i.imgur.com/7ry50TM.png
The dynamic factor in this political unification were the Serbs, a people with a strong national consciousness, great fighting ability and resolute ambition to mold the new Yugoslavia in harmony with their spirit and ideals.
This objective, however, ran counter to the aspirations of other elements, especially the Croats, who are Roman Catholics with a western culture, outlook and historic connections, whereas the Serbs are Greek Orthodox with a culture derived from Byzantium and bearing traces of the long period under Turkish rule.
Lesser difficulties were encountered with the Slovenes, Catholic and "western" like the Croats; with the large Mohammedan element in Bosnia-Herzegovina, and with the Macedonians, who are partly Bulgarian in affiliation.
published in 1945
https://i.imgur.com/FaGorTG.png
The Yugoslavs, as their name indicates, are all members of the southern branch of the Slavic race. They are thus fundamentally one in blood and language. But their historical evolutions have been so diverse that they profess different religions and have different cultures and outlooks.
The Serbs, the first to attain independence, are Greek Orthodox, have an East European culture, and are mostly small land-owning peasants, individualistic and conservative. Ardent patriots and fierce fighters, they were the primary architects of Yugoslavia and they aspired to forge the new nation in their image. The Royal House of Karageorgevitch, intensely Serb in character, naturally took this nationalistic point of view.
But the other elements politically fused in the new state thought otherwise. They thought of Yugoslavia not as a "Greater Serbia," but as a federation loose enough to enable each of them to maintain their historic individualities.
This was especially true of the Croats, Roman Catholics with a West European culture which they deemed superior to that of the Serbs. Much the same applied to the Slovenes, the Dalmatians, the semi-Bulgarian Macedonians and the large Mohammedan minority of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
published in 1945
https://i.imgur.com/gFxhD7E.png
The Slavs of the Western Balkans were converted to Roman Catholicism, and thus became spiritually part of Western Europe. Those on the Adriatic coast fell under the influence of Italian culture, while the Croats and Slovenes to the northward became subjected to German cultural influence.
On the other hand, the Serbs and Bulgars of the central and eastern Balkans were converted to the orthodox form of Christianity from Greek Byzantium, together with its Byzantine culture. This drove a deep cleft between the Balkan Slavs with has never been obliterated.
published in 1948
https://i.imgur.com/7i4sBwc.png
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2020.07.20 03:33 Person21323231213242 Prediction: If current trends continue, Lebanon will collapse soon with its current deepening crisis. The shockwaves of this collapse will have a significant domino effect, causing conflicts to erupt throughout the region.



Note: This is a repost to a prediction I made to markmywords. It has been slightly changed for the sake of adding it to this subreddit. Despite the fact that prediction posts are rare on this subreddit, I assumed that with the predictions flair it would be acceptable for this subreddit. If this post doesn't belong on the subreddit, please let me know and it will be deleted.
A link to that original post is here:
https://www.reddit.com/MarkMyWords/comments/hsmspw/mmw_lebanon_will_collapse_soon_with_its_current/
TL;DR: See the title, and skip the next seven paragraphs to get directly to my predictions. This is as those paragraphs only work to explain why I believe my predictions will come to pass.

Recently, it seems that in the middle east there also have been some recent events which could cause some serious consequences for that region. Most notably in the small country of Lebanon. Here on collapse we mostly talk about the problems of the US and the broader western world. But due to the potential severity of consequences from these events I believe that they are worthy of this subreddit. To start, as it seems in recent weeks Lebanon has found itself in deep economic woes. 50% of its populace live in poverty right now and the system is riddled with corruption. Electricity blackouts occur for 20 hours a day in many parts of the country. The Covid-19 pandemic lockdown has hit the economy hard and their currency has slid 80% in value since October. At this point Lebanon's only true hope is an IMF loan - which itself is unlikely to work as such loans have been given to no true avail (due to corruption). Mass starvation has even become a possibility. Not only this, but even before the pandemic the people already loathed the government and riots occurred in late 2019- early 2020. Now that the populace has effectively lost everything they've had to lose, their anger has and will turn to the government and its backer Hezbollah. Despite the virus, already this anger has reappeared amongst the populace. Banks are already being targeted by molotovs and civil strife has begun. It is only a matter of time at this point before the populace rises up to overthrow the government. Sure, Lebanon's largest military bloc Hezbollah is strong and has many members. But, it is doubtful that they will be able to suppress a huge chunk of the populous in their current situation. The Lebanese government itself seems to be in an even worse situation than that.
However, the thing is that the Lebanese government/Hezbollah will probably not be destroyed immediately. This is because Lebanon lies within Iran's sphere of influence and its proximity to Israel makes it a valuable asset to Iran. As such, the Iranian government will attempt to prop up whatever is left of the government/hezbollah. However, Iran itself is going through an economic crisis and a second wave of coronavirus so it will not be as able to help Hezbollah as it would have been prior to covid-19. As such, it is likely that the Iranians will only be able to keep hezbollah functional in muslim majority regions rather than in control of Lebanon.
Another reason why the Lebanese government will likely be unable to take back full control over the country is Israel. The thing is that Israel as Iran's main adversary has a goal of keeping Iranian proxies off of its border. This is apparent through its constant bombardment of Iran backed Syria and demands that Iran forces/proxies leave Syria & Lebanon. As such if a revolution were to break out in Lebanon, Israel would certainly support it. Such a situation has actually happened before as in the first Lebanese civil war (1975 - 1990), they indeed did back Maronite Christian militias as a way to counteract the influence of the Iran backed Syrian government and Hezbollah in the region. But, this strength for any rebellion could also prove to be a strength for Hezbollah. This is as it could blame much of the crisis on Israeli meddling and get at least some members of the Lebanese public to join their side. With Israel soon to annex parts of the west bank, Hezbollah could catch Israel on two fronts with palestinian opposition sure to occur in the west bank.
But the thing is that unlike the first Lebanese civil war, it is likely that in this case the war could spillover into other countries. Namely, Iraq and Syria. The reason is that Iraq,Syria and Lebanon all have at least somewhat intertwined economies nowadays and face roughly the same problems as one another. Both have experienced significant economic woes in recent months (Syria more so than Iraq) and all are within the Iranian sphere of influence. The vast majority of Iraq's population have turned against Iran and Syria's populace has experienced significant hardship in recent years. Iraq's government may have made some steps against these issues, but it seems to have been too little too late - not to mention that its reformist PM is mostly stonewalled by bureaucracy. So once a successful revolution occurs in Lebanon - the people of both countries may very well follow Lebanon's example in sparking revolutions against their governments. After all, that is exactly what happened during the Arab spring when the successful Tunisian revolution inspired others across the arab world. Such a successive collapse of governments would probably occur from west to east, as Syria's government is more unstable than Iraq's at the moment. Consequences of these collapses could prove to be quite massive. The first one would be that ISIS would have an opening to rise above being an insurgency and stake claim to land again. They might take over some areas of Iraq and Syria - which itself would result in more resources for the group to work with and as such make it more capable of launching attacks elsewhere. Another is that even now, there still are some baathists in Sunni-majority parts of Iraq. They too might gain influence and legitimacy for their cause. Sure, it is unlikely that Baathists could takeover all of Iraq, but even if they create a rump state in Northwestern Iraq they still could change the geopolitics of the region. Finally, seeing how Sunnis and Shias have been at odds in Iraq for such a long time, it is likely that once the chaos settles down Iraq will split along sectarian lines. A similar thing might happen in Syria, with the Druze and Alawites both being historically oppressed by Sunni Arabs. With Assad gone, neither will want to feel this oppression again and as such they will probably secede from Syria. However, with the Alawites occupying a strategic location on the coast and being the ethnic group of Syrian President Bashar al Assad, it is likely that in the case of a Syrian collapse Russia will secure an Alawite protectorate on the coast of Syria. And depending on if the Russian government believes it necessary to stake control of Syria yet again, they may go further.
Outside of Iraq and Syria, the surrounding region also has a few more conflicts which could spark with the collapses of Iraq,Syria and Lebanon. The first one I will mention is the Kurdish conflict for independence. This is because once Iraq collapses, the Kurdish autonomous authority (or KRG) will probably declare independence yet again. Such an event will occur because said authority now acts as the most developed part of Iraq, and it did attempt to declare independence back in 2017. With Iraq gone, the kurds there will have nothing stopping them from declaring independence. Even though this may not seem to be a big issue, it comes with one major consequence. This is as Kurds and their homeland Kurdistan extends beyond Northern Iraq & Syria, but also into nearby Turkey and Iran. With the former being quite harsh to their respective kurdish minority, there has been an ongoing Kurdish insurgency there for the past 40 years. Even though it may not be as intense as it was in the past, the successful creation of a Kurdish state just across the border could easily reignite this insurgency as it would prove that the insurgent's goals were achievable. Sure, the KRG itself has allowed the Turkish government to weed out insurgents within their territory, but many kurds there are sympathetic to the cause of creating a united kurdish state. So with the disappearance of any Iraqi influence in the region, it will become easier for the insurgents to gain supplies from sympathizers across the border. Not only that, but with the disappearance of Iraqi influence over the KRG, it is likely that more and more Kurdish nationalists will enter the Kurdistan parliament as national pride sets in. With such a change, it is likely that over time the Kurdish parliament will slowly begin to turn against Turkey in favor of supporting the insurgents. As such, this may cause heightened conflict between these Kurds and Turkey. And as long as the Kurdish insurgents keep their image fairly intact, they may very well achieve Kurdish independence from Turkey.
Another conflict which may surge is the Balochistan insurgency in Iran and Pakistan. For the past 70 years the baloch people have been attempting to gain independence from Iran and Pakistan. Right now the insurgency is quite low level. But, the thing is that if Iran's allies in Arabia start collapsing, the balochs in Iran will be emboldened. After all, it is far easier to recruit for a rebel movement when their goals seem achievable. As such, within months of Lebanon's collapse there probably will be a resurgent Balochi independence movement in Iran's Balochistan & Sistan province. And once such an insurgency becomes prevalent in Iranian Balochistan, it will almost certainly begin to spill over into Pakistani Balochistan. Such an occurrence could cause geopolitical turbulence as with Pakistan having a constant border-dispute with India, it is likely that India would support the Balochi insurgents if their activities intensify in Pakistan. If India does that, that itself would cause the Balochi insurgency to intensify further and result in deeper rifts between nations in the region. With nearby border-regions of unstable Afghanistan also having a majority Baloch population - even if the Iranian and Pakistani armies are able to drive Baloch insurgents out of their territories, these insurgents could simply retreat into Southern Afghanistan to regroup. As such, the conflict itself could take years to settle down again, especially with Indian support.
This conflict may be the most unlikely here, but in my opinion it is likely that with a kurdistan conflict, it is likely that Armenia & Azerbaijan will get involved in such a crisis. The reasons for this stem from way back during the Armenian genocide. Back then, the Ottoman predecessor of modern Turkey exterminated the Armenians of Western Armenia believing them to be collaborating with the Russian empire. Even though the Ottomans have been long dead and Western Armenia is now integrated into Turkey, there is still one part of Western Armenia which Armenians yearn for. This is the mountain of Ararat (Or rather, the twin Ararat mountains). Mount Ararat is the national symbol of Armenia and Armenians even call it their "Holy mountain" . Ari.L.Goldman once noted that "In most Armenian homes in the modern diaspora, there are pictures of Mount Ararat, a bittersweet reminder of the homeland and national aspirations."[138]. And yet, Ararat is currently a part of Turkey. As such, if a kurdish rebellion flares up across Eastern Turkey, it is very likely that the Armenian government will take their chance to take the mountain and other historical Armenian sites (mostly just ruins of old Armenian capitals) along the Turco-Armenian border. Sure, such an action would be incredibly risky. Turkey is in NATO after all - and could have called in the support of NATO under article 5 in normal times. However, we live in incredibly volatile times which have completely changed the dynamic of geopolitics. The US may have stabilized its economy after the March/April COVID stock market crash but this stabilization seems to be merely temporary - seeing how another nation-wide lockdown seems to be on the horizon with the rising cases. Soon their stock market will crash yet again. With the US's influence on the world stage, its American and European allies will also feel the brunt of a new recession. In such a crisis, they will not be keen on helping a far off ally fight an insignificant war - let alone Turkey, the one which has had the worst relationship with the US out of its old-world allies. With the Kurdish rebellion, Turkey itself will have bigger worries to deal with other than losing some eastern borderlands. Turkey's biggest loss would be their land connection to Azerbaijan - their closest ally. Not only that, but seeing Ararat's significance to the Armenian public, occupying it would be a very popular ordeal. The current government of Armenia could raise its popularity significantly if it were to claim Ararat. As such, the conditions are surprisingly in Armenia's favor. The whole operation will take a matter of hours to complete, seeing that Ararat is only 20 miles from the Armenian border and the historic capitals are even closer. Not to mention that Ararat is surrounded by Kurdish majority territory, which would probably already be in revolt. It could easily be given the excuse of "securing Armenian borders from chaos". Turkey might do some saber rattling, but if the Kurds would be in full revolt there would be nothing they could do about it However, these conditions would only work if the Kurds enter a full scale revolt. With Turkey's huge army, if such a scenario does not occur, the Armenians would be defeated easily and occupied by Turkey. Assuming that such a Kurdish rebellion does occur, Armenia still would have one additional contender to deal with - Azerbaijan. After an incident in which 16 Azeri soldiers were killed, a large amount of Azeri citizens have called for a new war with Armenia (https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-53415693). Since than incident, both sides have been engaging in clashes. As such, it is likely that Azerbaijan and Armenia might go to war yet again. With Azerbaijan being Turkey's closest ally, even if Armenia doesn't attempt to claim Mt Ararat - Turkey will support the Azeris. With Azerbaijan itself being significantly larger than Armenia, it may seem that Armenia wouldn't take any chances with taking Ararat, even if good circumstances arise so that all available troops can help fight Azerbaijan. But, the reason why such a war may actually make claiming Mt. Ararat more likely is because Ararat lies directly to the west of Turkey's land connection to Azerbaijan's Nakhchivan enclave. As such, supplies directed from Turkey to Azerbaijan will probably need to go through this area to reach Azerbaijan. In the case of a kurdish rebellion Turkey probably wouldn't use this corridor much - however after it would be inevitably put down Turkey would probably use this corridor to give Azerbaijan supplies.So, if Turkey is ravaged by a large Kurdish rebellion, Armenia will need to secure this region for the sake of preventing Turkey from giving supplies directly to Azerbaijan once the rebels are defeated. Seeing these influences, I believe it is likely that Armenia will enter the conflict.
Based on these factors, here is a bullet list of events on how events might transpire when it comes to the collapse of Lebanon and its consequences. Keep in mind, this includes all the potential locations written about earlier (the Caucasus, Lebanon,Iraq, Syria and Balochistan) and is only based on the current, incomplete perspective of the present. As such, this only includes things which could be predicted, and the events are only placed in and order which I believe makes sense. In reality, they could occur in different orders and many events I have not predicted could very well occur. Some might not even occur at all. As such, I am not including specific dates into this list of events.:
  1. Lebanon's present crisis continues to worsen, the people become even more restless.
  2. Impoverished individuals begin to protest en mass - violence becomes commonplace
  3. Riots ensue across Lebanon.
  4. The government attempts to fight back against the protestors. This simply radicalizes them
  5. Some soldiers/police officers join the protestors - providing weapons to the movement.
  6. A leader emerges amongst the protestors. They declare war on the Lebanese government.
  7. Radicalized protestors assault a weapons depot. Through sheer numbers (and with heavy casualties), they break in and take the weapons.
  8. Civil war commences - the Lebanese public begins to capture towns along the coast. Lebanese defences begin to collapse.
  9. Iran begins to send as much supplies as it can to Lebanon - mostly to no avail.
  10. Israel begins to support the rebel's cause.
  11. Israel begins its annexation of the west bank.
  12. As a last ditch attempt to stop the rebellion, Hezbollah blames Israel for the crisis and starts a war with them. At this point, the writing would be on the wall that Hezbollah would be destroyed, so such an action would work as a final act of defiance against Israel & an instigator for Palestinian revolts in Israel. It also would act as a way to discredit the rebellion at least a bit.
  13. Palestinian rebels begin to rise up in the west bank.
  14. The rebel's progress is halted for a time but Israel becomes directly involved in the war.
  15. Beirut is captured by the rebels.
  16. Hezbollah and the Lebanese government enter full rout, only holding on in select pockets in Eastern Lebanon.
  17. Lebanese rebels declare the formation of a new Lebanese government.
  18. Palestinian rebels are thoroughly squashed by the Israeli military. The west bank is entirely annexed by Israel.
  19. With the collapse of Lebanon, Syria's economy begins to suffer massively.
  20. Iran threatens war with Israel over the situation.
  21. Iran convinces Syria to intervene in Lebanon.
  22. Syria directly enters the war in Lebanon to prevent a total end to the Lebanese government.
  23. With support from Israel, the Lebanese rebels begin to spread into parts of Syria directly north of Lebanon. Locals begin to support these rebels.
  24. Similarly to the Arab spring, by some chain reaction the details of which are not yet apparent, copycats sympathetic to the Lebanese cause rise up in Syria and Iraq.
  25. The Syrian and Iraqi governments alongside Iran backed militias will attempt to fight these groups, but in the end both will collapse (to make a long story short). Syria will fall first due to its more severe instability.
  26. Sectarian conflict breaks out all over Syria and Iraq
  27. The Baloch insurgency begins to intensify - with the Balochs using the opportunity to take advantage of Iran's weakness.
  28. Iran will attempt to fight back against these rebels, but will probably be only able to maintain hold on the Shiite regions of Iraq.
  29. Russia will attempt to stop the collapse, but they will be too late to prevent it. Russian troops will establish an Alawite state along the coast, but the remainder of Syria would become too much of a hassle to reconquer.
  30. The kurds in Northern Iraq declares independence from Iraq to escape the crisis.
  31. The new Kurdish state in Northern Iraq takes over Kurdish majority lands to its south taken by Iraq during the brief 2017 KRG-Iraq conflict. The most important of these territories is the city of Kirkuk.
  32. The new Kurdish state in Northern Iraq begins to align with the YPG of Syria.
  33. The resurgence of Baloch rebellion extends into Pakistan.
  34. A surge in violence in Turkish Kurdistan occurs as local Kurdish independence groups attempt to gain independence following the example of the new kurdish state.
  35. India begins to support the Balochs in the name of weakening Pakistan.
  36. Pakistan threatens war on India over supporting the Balochs - leads to some saber rattling but nothing more.
  37. The Baloch rebels begin to move into Afghanistan.
(Note: Events after this point are far less likely to occur - but if they do, they will occur after the 37 events listed earlier)
  1. Kurdish rebels gain momentum in Turkey.
  2. Kurdish rebels begin to claim territory (mostly rural towns) as their rebellion grows.
  3. Armenia claims Mount Ararat (alongside its surrounding area) and the ruins of some former Armenian capitals along the border. The Armenian government initially claims that this operation is for the sake of protecting the Armenian border from the Kurdish insurgency, but after some time it begins assimilating the occupied area into Armenia.
At this point, we would have reached a bit too far into the future to concretely predict anything about what happens. But here are a few (out of many) potential endings:
  1. Russia launches an offensive from the Alawite regions into the rest of Syria. They reclaim Syria and Lebanon as parts of their sphere of influence. Iraq is reclaimed as part of Iran's sphere of influence while the Kurds and Balochs are stamped out. Iran has to accept the loss Syria and Lebanon from its sphere of influence while gaining a far more significant hold on Iraq.
  2. Lebanese rebels maintain control over Lebanon while Syria and Iraq are split along ethnic lines. Balochi and Kurd rebels are stamped out, so no border changes occur outside of Lebanon,Iraq and Syria.
  3. ISIS reemerges in Syria & Iraq as a result of the collapse of said nations and is able to defeat all other warring factions. Lebanon, Syria and Iraq fall under ISIS control. Without a friendly Kurdish state across the border, the Kurdish insurgency in Turkey does not intensify. Balochs might still rise up, however and may or may not win.
  4. Hezbollah is able to hold on in Muslim majority regions of Lebanon. Over time, the Lebanese civil war becomes more and more sectarian as the rebels become an overwhelmingly Christian movement and Hezbollah comes to represent Lebanon's muslims. Eventually Lebanon is split along ethnic lines with a Hezbollah Iran backed state controlling Lebanon's muslim majority regions and a Christian Israel backed state controlling Lebanon's Christian majority regions. Syria and Iraq both collapse, but are rebuilt as puppet states of Iran. The Balochs are stamped out. Palestinians are completely annexed and assimilated into Israel.
  5. Once Iraq and Syria collapse, Turkey begins to gain interest in the region. After the Kurdish rebellion rises up, Turkey decides to pacify the region entirely. The kurds are stamped out and Turkey brings Iraq, Syria and Lebanon into its sphere of influence. Kurdish regions of Iraq and Syria are directly annexed into Turkey so that they can keep a direct eye on them, alongside regions with a majority turkmen population. The remainders of Syria, Iraq and Lebanon are split into numerous Arabic satellite states of Turkey. Turkey also gets involved in a new Azeri-Armenian war and all parts of Armenia not annexed by Azerbaijan are placed under the control of a Turkish satellite state. Balochs may or may not win.
  6. After the collapse of Lebanon, Iraq and Syria a highly successful kurdish rebellion occurs in Southeastern Turkey. The Azeri-Armenian war results in an Armenian victory and Armenia is able to take over Ararat. Turkey is severely weakened after this occurrence, and loses its occupation zones in Syria. Iraq and Syria are split along sectarian lines. Lebanon is controlled by the rebels. Balochistan gains independence from Iran,Pakistan and Afghanistan.
  7. Saudi Arabia decides to take control over Iraq and Syria as a way to totally block Iran from exerting influence outside of its borders. As such, they intervene and institute Saudi-friendly puppet states in Iraq and Syria. Lebanon falls into the Israeli sphere of influence.
  8. Balochistan insurgent's attempt to declare independence from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran succeeds. This convinces many other ethnic groups within Afghanistan to also attempt to secede from Afghanistan. These include the Tajiks, Uzbeks, Hazaras, and others. With Afghanistan's deep instability at the moment, these movements succeed and Afghanistan is left as a mere rump state made out of Afghanistan's Pashtun regions. The Afghan government and Taliban alike are hit hard by this event. A similar phenomenon occurs in Pakistan, with less initial success however with Indian support of these separatists, they eventually would succeed in their actions.
Scenario 1, illustration

Scenario 2, illustration

Scenario 3, illustration
Scenario 4, illustration

Scenario 5, illustration

Scenario 6, illustration

Scenario 7, illustration
Scenario 8, illustration
submitted by Person21323231213242 to collapse [link] [comments]


2020.07.17 03:34 Person21323231213242 MMW: Lebanon will collapse soon with its current deepening crisis. The shockwaves of this collapse will have a significant domino effect, causing conflicts to erupt throughout the region.

This is something of a followup to a previous prediction on this in which I predicted that the covid-19 crisis could cause civil wars in several developing countries.
A link to it is here:
https://www.reddit.com/MarkMyWords/comments/frvgkg/mmw_the_coronavirus_crisis_and_the_economic/
TL;DR: See the title, and skip the next seven paragraphs to get directly to my predictions. This is as those paragraphs only work to explain why I believe my predictions will come to pass.
Now, this post is supposed to act as a follow up to that previous one now that new information has surfaced. As it seems, in recent weeks Lebanon has found itself in deep economic woes. 50% of its populace live in poverty right now and the system is riddled with corruption. Electricity blackouts occur for 20 hours a day in many parts of the country. The Covid-19 pandemic lockdown has hit the economy hard and their currency has slid 80% in value since October. At this point Lebanon's only true hope is an IMF loan - which itself is unlikely to work as such loans have been given to no true avail (due to corruption). Mass starvation has even become a possibility. Not only this, but even before the pandemic the people already loathed the government and riots occurred in late 2019- early 2020. Now that the populace has effectively lost everything they've had to lose, their anger has and will turn to the government and its backer Hezbollah. Despite the virus, already this anger has reappeared amongst the populace. Banks are already being targeted by molotovs and civil strife has begun. It is only a matter of time at this point before the populace rises up to overthrow the government. Sure, Lebanon's largest military bloc Hezbollah is strong and has many members. But, it is doubtful that they will be able to suppress a huge chunk of the populous in their current situation. The Lebanese government itself seems to be in an even worse situation than that.

However, the thing is that the Lebanese government/Hezbollah will probably not be destroyed immediately. This is because Lebanon lies within Iran's sphere of influence and its proximity to Israel makes it a valuable asset to Iran. As such, the Iranian government will attempt to prop up whatever is left of the government/hezbollah. However, Iran itself is going through an economic crisis and a second wave of coronavirus so it will not be as able to help Hezbollah as it would have been prior to covid-19. As such, it is likely that the Iranians will only be able to keep hezbollah functional in muslim majority regions rather than in control of Lebanon.

Another reason why the Lebanese government will likely be unable to take back full control over the country is Israel. The thing is that Israel as Iran's main adversary has a goal of keeping Iranian proxies off of its border. This is apparent through its constant bombardment of Iran backed Syria and demands that Iran forces/proxies leave Syria & Lebanon. As such if a revolution were to break out in Lebanon, Israel would certainly support it. Such a situation has actually happened before as in the first Lebanese civil war (1975 - 1990), they indeed did back Maronite Christian militias as a way to counteract the influence of the Iran backed Syrian government and Hezbollah in the region. But, this strength for any rebellion could also prove to be a strength for Hezbollah. This is as it could blame much of the crisis on Israeli meddling and get at least some members of the Lebanese public to join their side. With Israel soon to annex parts of the west bank, Hezbollah could catch Israel on two fronts with palestinian opposition sure to occur in the west bank.
But the thing is that unlike the first Lebanese civil war, it is likely that in this case the war could spillover into other countries. Namely, Iraq and Syria. The reason is that Iraq,Syria and Lebanon all have at least somewhat intertwined economies nowadays and face roughly the same problems as one another. Both have experienced significant economic woes in recent months (Syria more so than Iraq) and all are within the Iranian sphere of influence. The vast majority of Iraq's population have turned against Iran and Syria's populace has experienced significant hardship in recent years. Iraq's government may have made some steps against these issues, but it seems to have been too little too late - not to mention that its reformist PM is mostly stonewalled by bureaucracy. So once a successful revolution occurs in Lebanon - the people of both countries may very well follow Lebanon's example in sparking revolutions against their governments. After all, that is exactly what happened during the Arab spring when the successful Tunisian revolution inspired others across the arab world. Such a successive collapse of governments would probably occur from west to east, as Syria's government is more unstable than Iraq's at the moment. Consequences of these collapses could prove to be quite massive. The first one would be that ISIS would have an opening to rise above being an insurgency and stake claim to land again. They might take over some areas of Iraq and Syria - which itself would result in more resources for the group to work with and as such make it more capable of launching attacks elsewhere. Another is that even now, there still are some baathists in Sunni-majority parts of Iraq. They too might gain influence and legitimacy for their cause. Sure, it is unlikely that Baathists could takeover all of Iraq, but even if they create a rump state in Northwestern Iraq they still could change the geopolitics of the region. Finally, seeing how Sunnis and Shias have been at odds in Iraq for such a long time, it is likely that once the chaos settles down Iraq will split along sectarian lines. A similar thing might happen in Syria, with the Druze and Alawites both being historically oppressed by Sunni Arabs. With Assad gone, neither will want to feel this oppression again and as such they will probably secede from Syria. However, with the Alawites occupying a strategic location on the coast and being the ethnic group of Syrian President Bashar al Assad, it is likely that in the case of a Syrian collapse Russia will secure an Alawite protectorate on the coast of Syria. And depending on if the Russian government believes it necessary to stake control of Syria yet again, they may go further.

Outside of Iraq and Syria, the surrounding region also has a few more conflicts which could spark with the collapses of Iraq,Syria and Lebanon. The first one I will mention is the Kurdish conflict for independence. This is because once Iraq collapses, the Kurdish autonomous authority (or KRG) will probably declare independence yet again. Such an event will occur because said authority now acts as the most developed part of Iraq, and it did attempt to declare independence back in 2017. With Iraq gone, the kurds there will have nothing stopping them from declaring independence. Even though this may not seem to be a big issue, it comes with one major consequence. This is as Kurds and their homeland Kurdistan extends beyond Northern Iraq & Syria, but also into nearby Turkey and Iran. With the former being quite harsh to their respective kurdish minority, there has been an ongoing Kurdish insurgency there for the past 40 years. Even though it may not be as intense as it was in the past, the successful creation of a Kurdish state just across the border could easily reignite this insurgency as it would prove that the insurgent's goals were achievable. Sure, the KRG itself has allowed the Turkish government to weed out insurgents within their territory, but many kurds there are sympathetic to the cause of creating a united kurdish state. So with the disappearance of any Iraqi influence in the region, it will become easier for the insurgents to gain supplies from sympathizers across the border. Not only that, but with the disappearance of Iraqi influence over the KRG, it is likely that more and more Kurdish nationalists will enter the Kurdistan parliament as national pride sets in. With such a change, it is likely that over time the Kurdish parliament will slowly begin to turn against Turkey in favor of supporting the insurgents. As such, this may cause heightened conflict between these Kurds and Turkey. And as long as the Kurdish insurgents keep their image fairly intact, they may very well achieve Kurdish independence from Turkey.

Another conflict which may surge is the Balochistan insurgency in Iran and Pakistan. For the past 70 years the baloch people have been attempting to gain independence from Iran and Pakistan. Right now the insurgency is quite low level. But, the thing is that if Iran's allies in Arabia start collapsing, the balochs in Iran will be emboldened. After all, it is far easier to recruit for a rebel movement when their goals seem achievable. As such, within months of Lebanon's collapse there probably will be a resurgent Balochi independence movement in Iran's Balochistan & Sistan province. And once such an insurgency becomes prevalent in Iranian Balochistan, it will almost certainly begin to spill over into Pakistani Balochistan. Such an occurrence could cause geopolitical turbulence as with Pakistan having a constant border-dispute with India, it is likely that India would support the Balochi insurgents if their activities intensify in Pakistan. If India does that, that itself would cause the Balochi insurgency to intensify further and result in deeper rifts between nations in the region. With nearby border-regions of unstable Afghanistan also having a majority Baloch population - even if the Iranian and Pakistani armies are able to drive Baloch insurgents out of their territories, these insurgents could simply retreat into Southern Afghanistan to regroup. As such, the conflict itself could take years to settle down again, especially with Indian support.

This conflict may be the most unlikely here, but in my opinion it is likely that with a kurdistan conflict, it is likely that Armenia & Azerbaijan will get involved in such a crisis. The reasons for this stem from way back during the Armenian genocide. Back then, the Ottoman predecessor of modern Turkey exterminated the Armenians of Western Armenia believing them to be collaborating with the Russian empire. Even though the Ottomans have been long dead and Western Armenia is now integrated into Turkey, there is still one part of Western Armenia which Armenians yearn for. This is the mountain of Ararat (Or rather, the twin Ararat mountains). Mount Ararat is the national symbol of Armenia and Armenians even call it their "Holy mountain" . Ari.L.Goldman once noted that "In most Armenian homes in the modern diaspora, there are pictures of Mount Ararat, a bittersweet reminder of the homeland and national aspirations."[138]. And yet, Ararat is currently a part of Turkey. As such, if a kurdish rebellion flares up across Eastern Turkey, it is very likely that the Armenian government will take their chance to take the mountain and other historical Armenian sites (mostly just ruins of old Armenian capitals) along the Turco-Armenian border. Sure, such an action would be incredibly risky. Turkey is in NATO after all - and could have called in the support of NATO under article 5 in normal times. However, we live in incredibly volatile times which have completely changed the dynamic of geopolitics. The US may have stabilized its economy after the March/April COVID stock market crash but this stabilization seems to be merely temporary - seeing how another nation-wide lockdown seems to be on the horizon with the rising cases. Soon their stock market will crash yet again. With the US's influence on the world stage, its American and European allies will also feel the brunt of a new recession. In such a crisis, they will not be keen on helping a far off ally fight an insignificant war - let alone Turkey, the one which has had the worst relationship with the US out of its old-world allies. With the Kurdish rebellion, Turkey itself will have bigger worries to deal with other than losing some eastern borderlands. Turkey's biggest loss would be their land connection to Azerbaijan - their closest ally. Not only that, but seeing Ararat's significance to the Armenian public, occupying it would be a very popular ordeal. The current government of Armenia could raise its popularity significantly if it were to claim Ararat. As such, the conditions are surprisingly in Armenia's favor. The whole operation will take a matter of hours to complete, seeing that Ararat is only 20 miles from the Armenian border and the historic capitals are even closer. Not to mention that Ararat is surrounded by Kurdish majority territory, which would probably already be in revolt. It could easily be given the excuse of "securing Armenian borders from chaos". Turkey might do some saber rattling, but if the Kurds would be in full revolt there would be nothing they could do about it However, these conditions would only work if the Kurds enter a full scale revolt. With Turkey's huge army, if such a scenario does not occur, the Armenians would be defeated easily and occupied by Turkey. Assuming that such a Kurdish rebellion does occur, Armenia still would have one additional contender to deal with - Azerbaijan. After an incident in which 16 Azeri soldiers were killed, a large amount of Azeri citizens have called for a new war with Armenia (https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-53415693). Since than incident, both sides have been engaging in clashes. As such, it is likely that Azerbaijan and Armenia might go to war yet again. With Azerbaijan being Turkey's closest ally, even if Armenia doesn't attempt to claim Mt Ararat - Turkey will support the Azeris. With Azerbaijan itself being significantly larger than Armenia, it may seem that Armenia wouldn't take any chances with taking Ararat, even if good circumstances arise so that all available troops can help fight Azerbaijan. But, the reason why such a war may actually make claiming Mt. Ararat more likely is because Ararat lies directly to the west of Turkey's land connection to Azerbaijan's Nakhchivan enclave. As such, supplies directed from Turkey to Azerbaijan will probably need to go through this area to reach Azerbaijan. In the case of a kurdish rebellion Turkey probably wouldn't use this corridor much - however after it would be inevitably put down Turkey would probably use this corridor to give Azerbaijan supplies.So, if Turkey is ravaged by a large Kurdish rebellion, Armenia will need to secure this region for the sake of preventing Turkey from giving supplies directly to Azerbaijan once the rebels are defeated. Seeing these influences, I believe it is likely that Armenia will enter the conflict.

Based on these factors, here is a bullet list of events on how events might transpire when it comes to the collapse of Lebanon and its consequences. Keep in mind, this includes all the potential locations written about earlier (the Caucasus, Lebanon,Iraq, Syria and Balochistan) and is only based on the current, incomplete perspective of the present. As such, this only includes things which could be predicted, and the events are only placed in and order which I believe makes sense. In reality, they could occur in different orders and many events I have not predicted could very well occur. Some might not even occur at all. As such, I am not including specific dates into this list of events.:

  1. Lebanon's present crisis continues to worsen, the people become even more restless.
  2. Impoverished individuals begin to protest en mass - violence becomes commonplace
  3. Riots ensue across Lebanon.
  4. The government attempts to fight back against the protestors. This simply radicalizes them
  5. Some soldiers/police officers join the protestors - providing weapons to the movement.
  6. A leader emerges amongst the protestors. They declare war on the Lebanese government.
  7. Radicalized protestors assault a weapons depot. Through sheer numbers (and with heavy casualties), they break in and take the weapons.
  8. Civil war commences - the Lebanese public begins to capture towns along the coast. Lebanese defences begin to collapse.
  9. Iran begins to send as much supplies as it can to Lebanon - mostly to no avail.
  10. Israel begins to support the rebel's cause.
  11. Israel begins its annexation of the west bank.
  12. As a last ditch attempt to stop the rebellion, Hezbollah blames Israel for the crisis and starts a war with them. At this point, the writing would be on the wall that Hezbollah would be destroyed, so such an action would work as a final act of defiance against Israel & an instigator for Palestinian revolts in Israel. It also would act as a way to discredit the rebellion at least a bit.
  13. Palestinian rebels begin to rise up in the west bank.
  14. The rebel's progress is halted for a time but Israel becomes directly involved in the war.
  15. Beirut is captured by the rebels.
  16. Hezbollah and the Lebanese government enter full rout, only holding on in select pockets in Eastern Lebanon.
  17. Lebanese rebels declare the formation of a new Lebanese government.
  18. Palestinian rebels are thoroughly squashed by the Israeli military. The west bank is entirely annexed by Israel.
  19. With the collapse of Lebanon, Syria's economy begins to suffer massively.
  20. Iran threatens war with Israel over the situation.
  21. Iran convinces Syria to intervene in Lebanon.
  22. Syria directly enters the war in Lebanon to prevent a total end to the Lebanese government.
  23. With support from Israel, the Lebanese rebels begin to spread into parts of Syria directly north of Lebanon. Locals begin to support these rebels.
  24. Similarly to the Arab spring, by some chain reaction the details of which are not yet apparent, copycats sympathetic to the Lebanese cause rise up in Syria and Iraq.
  25. The Syrian and Iraqi governments alongside Iran backed militias will attempt to fight these groups, but in the end both will collapse (to make a long story short). Syria will fall first due to its more severe instability.
  26. Sectarian conflict breaks out all over Syria and Iraq
  27. The Baloch insurgency begins to intensify - with the Balochs using the opportunity to take advantage of Iran's weakness.
  28. Iran will attempt to fight back against these rebels, but will probably be only able to maintain hold on the Shiite regions of Iraq.
  29. Russia will attempt to stop the collapse, but they will be too late to prevent it. Russian troops will establish an Alawite state along the coast, but the remainder of Syria would become too much of a hassle to reconquer.
  30. The kurds in Northern Iraq declares independence from Iraq to escape the crisis.
  31. The new Kurdish state in Northern Iraq takes over Kurdish majority lands to its south taken by Iraq during the brief 2017 KRG-Iraq conflict. The most important of these territories is the city of Kirkuk.
  32. The new Kurdish state in Northern Iraq begins to align with the YPG of Syria.
  33. The resurgence of Baloch rebellion extends into Pakistan.
  34. A surge in violence in Turkish Kurdistan occurs as local Kurdish independence groups attempt to gain independence following the example of the new kurdish state.
  35. India begins to support the Balochs in the name of weakening Pakistan.
  36. Pakistan threatens war on India over supporting the Balochs - leads to some saber rattling but nothing more.
  37. The Baloch rebels begin to move into Afghanistan.
  38. Kurdish rebels gain momentum in Turkey.
  39. Kurdish rebels begin to claim territory (mostly rural towns) as their rebellion grows.
  40. Armenia claims Mount Ararat (alongside its surrounding area) and the ruins of some former Armenian capitals along the border. The Armenian government initially claims that this operation is for the sake of protecting the Armenian border from the Kurdish insurgency, but after some time it begins assimilating the occupied area into Armenia.
At this point, we would have reached a bit too far into the future to concretely predict anything about what happens. But here are a few (out of many) potential endings:

  1. Russia launches an offensive from the Alawite regions into the rest of Syria. They reclaim Syria and Lebanon as parts of their sphere of influence. Iraq is reclaimed as part of Iran's sphere of influence while the Kurds and Balochs are stamped out. Iran has to accept the loss Syria and Lebanon from its sphere of influence.
  2. Lebanese rebels maintain control over Lebanon while Syria and Iraq are split along ethnic lines. Balochi and Kurd rebels are stamped out, so no border changes occur outside of Lebanon,Iraq and Syria.
  3. ISIS reemerges in Syria & Iraq as a result of the collapse of said nations and is able to defeat all other warring factions. Lebanon, Syria and Iraq fall under ISIS control. Without a friendly Kurdish state across the border, the Kurdish insurgency in Turkey does not intensify. Balochs might still rise up, however and may or may not win.
  4. Hezbollah is able to hold on in Muslim majority regions of Lebanon. Over time, the Lebanese civil war becomes more and more sectarian as the rebels become an overwhelmingly Christian movement and Hezbollah comes to represent Lebanon's muslims. Eventually Lebanon is split along ethnic lines with a Hezbollah Iran backed state controlling Lebanon's muslim majority regions and a Christian Israel backed state controlling Lebanon's Christian majority regions. Syria and Iraq both collapse, but are rebuilt as puppet states of Iran. The Balochs are stamped out. Palestinians are completely annexed and assimilated into Israel.
  5. Once Iraq and Syria collapse, Turkey begins to gain interest in the region. After the Kurdish rebellion rises up, Turkey decides to pacify the region entirely. The kurds are stamped out and Turkey brings Iraq, Syria and Lebanon into its sphere of influence. Kurdish regions of Iraq and Syria are directly annexed into Turkey so that they can keep a direct eye on them, alongside regions with a majority turkmen population. The remainders of Syria, Iraq and Lebanon are split into numerous Arabic satellite states of Turkey. Turkey also gets involved in a new Azeri-Armenian war and all parts of Armenia not annexed by Azerbaijan are placed under the control of a Turkish satellite state. Balochs may or may not win.
  6. After the collapse of Lebanon, Iraq and Syria a highly successful kurdish rebellion occurs in Southeastern Turkey. The Azeri-Armenian war results in an Armenian victory and Armenia is able to take over Ararat. Turkey is severely weakened after this occurrence, and loses its occupation zones in Syria. Iraq and Syria are split along sectarian lines. Lebanon is controlled by the rebels. Balochistan gains independence from Iran,Pakistan and Afghanistan.
  7. Saudi Arabia decides to take control over Iraq and Syria as a way to totally block Iran from exerting influence outside of its borders. As such, they intervene and institute Saudi-friendly puppet states in Iraq and Syria. Lebanon falls into the Israeli sphere of influence.
  8. Balochistan insurgent's attempt to declare independence from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran succeeds. This convinces many other ethnic groups within Afghanistan to also attempt to secede from Afghanistan. These include the Tajiks, Uzbeks, Hazaras, and others. With Afghanistan's deep instability at the moment, these movements succeed and Afghanistan is left as a mere rump state made out of Afghanistan's Pashtun regions. The Afghan government and Taliban alike are hit hard by this event. A similar phenomenon occurs in Pakistan, but is less successful there due to Pakistan's general stability.
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2020.05.11 19:51 FrancescoAmic1 Zodiac / Monster of Florence. Further clues on the connection. The issue of the magazine the Italian serial killer used in his final letter has been discovered

Zodiac / Monster of Florence. Further clues on the connection. The issue of the magazine the Italian serial killer used in his final letter has been discovered
Source
Edited September 8, 2020
Links
Journalistic inquiry on the Zodiac - Monster of Florence connection
Admissions
Monster's letter
«Dear sweet waters, I do not know you anymore: my childhood dream is ended here.» The main sentence the Monster of Florence cut out to compose his challenge letter sent to the investigators in 1985 is the title of an essay signed “Piero Chiara”. It appeared on pages 36 and 37 of the weekly Gente number 51 on newsstands from 14 to 20 December 1984, in an eight-page long report indicated in the summary as “My country and my lake”.
The cover of the weekly was dedicated to Gloria Guida and the little Guendalina Dorelli, wife and daughter of Johnny Dorelli, the famous “Dorellik” who parodied the main character of the comics “Diabolik” in 1967.
The discovery of the magazine was made by the documentarian Paolo Cochi and his fellows Martino Rossi and Valeria Vecchione. More than 34 years have passed since the last of the seven double murders attributed by Courts to the “Tuscan” serial killer was committed, but the origin of the newspaper clippings pasted on the envelope sent to the prosecutor Silvia Della Monica and postmarked “San Piero a Sieve, 9 September 1985” had never been ascertained.
Gente no. 51, 1984
THE DISCOVERY
«We worked hard to find the magazine used by the Monster, in the end here it is,» Cochi told Tempi. The documentarian has recently rewritten and expanded his book “Al di là di ogni ragionevole dubbio” (Runa, 2020).
The number 51 of Gente is a «key element in view of investigations», said the documentarian. It is also one of the most important clues in a case in which there are still six unsolved murders officially.
Cochi anticipated the discovery in February in his column in Ok Mugello and, on the contrary of what Tempi had published two years ago, he does not believe the Monster is the American serial killer Zodiac. «In my opinion, the culprit of the crimes was an individual who had to do with Mugello,» he said. «He was a native from the area and had maintained a relevance near San Piero a Sieve,» the town where the Monster mailed the letter to Della Monica. «He was a person close to a certain type of “apparatus” and tied to a certain people.» «Apart from my convictions,» explained Cochi, «in my work I stick only to documented researches and disclosures of factual data taken from records. Criminal inquiries are the responsibility of prosecutors, I only try to provide a documental contribution. I hope it will be useful to the investigators.»
How did Cochi and his fellows understand they were in front of the right magazine? «That font type was used by a few weeklies,» replied the documentarian. «Having a copy of the investigation on the envelope carried out by the scientific police with the part behind each single letter annexed, we were able to unequivocally identify the magazine, comparing the front part of each single clipping with the back part.» Although the weekly in 1984 recorded an average circulation of 667,553 copies sold (Ads data), it was very difficult to find the number 51: «We bought entire collections of various weeklies. A search that lasted a couple of years,» admitted Cochi. An enormous effort that will hopefully bear fruit.
Comparison examples
«DEAR SWEET WATERS...»
Last week, Tempi spoke with the historian Pietro Montorfani, who had quoted the article cut out by the Monster and signed Piero Chiara in his essay “I thought about it all my life – Piero Chiara and Manzoni”. Montorfani’s note referred to a text published in the collection “If not here, where? Varese’s landscape” by Chiara (Nicolini, 1997), edited by Federico Roncoroni, heir of Chiara’s work.
Contacted by Tempi, Bambi Lazzati, director of the “Amici di Piero Chiara” association, replied breathlessly: «We have a lot of work to do. We are receiving short stories by young students, in these days ... and with this mask ... ».
Association employees are scrambling aspiring writers’ works sent from all over Italy. Like it was on purpose, the theme of the Premio Chiara Giovani that will keep the jury occupied in the coming months is “the water”.Lazzati called the curator of Chiara’s books. «I read the article “Dear sweet waters ...” directly in the magazine Gente,» Roncoroni reminded Tempi. «Later I found a copy of Chiara’s article among the clippings kept in his Archive.»
Stumbled upon that essay, now lost among papers in the Lombard writer’s archive, he inserted it in “If not here, where? The landscape of Varese”, a collection of pieces «conceived to testify the great affection that bound the writer to Varese and its surroundings.»
Chiara’s text expresses a deep attachment to “his” lake. «Chiara was very close to Lago Maggiore and to the places where he spent the youth to which he always returned after each trip,» Roncoroni recalled. «It is no coincidence that many of his novels and short stories have those places as a backdrop, and it is needless to specify that those places are places of the heart.»
Piero Chiara's essay
TWO OCCURRENCES
The number of Gente dates back to nine months before the letter to Della Monica was sent, so it is reasonable to assume the magazine was carefully kept for future use. Even the choice of titles for the clippings (one of which is an offensive allusion directed to Della Monica) would seem wisely considered and substantially confirms what was published by Tempi two years ago on the common identity of the Monster and the American serial killer Zodiac.
The number 51 of Gente in 1984 was on newsstands in the week of the year which included December 20, a date that had the appearance to be symbolic for Zodiac, as Tempi reported in May 2018. On December 20, 1968, the «cipher killer» committed his first double murder in Vallejo. The same day the following year, he sent a letter to attorney Melvin Belli asking for help. «I’m drowning,» he wrote. The second occurrence is the Zodiac’s obsession with the water which Tempi had already mentioned, an element present in the phrase: “Dear sweet waters ...”. The Monster has selected from the article by Piero Chiara (photo by Gianni Minischetti), more characters than any other, including the final letter pasted on the envelope, that is the "E" of "acque" (waters).
In the late 60s and early 70s, there was a maniac who «attacks couples» and «kills on weekends, near the water» in California wrote Robert Graysmith in the 1986 book “Zodiac” (St. Martin’s Press). Graysmith contributed to the fame of the “Californian” killer who had threatened the people of the San Francisco Bay Area with his murders for a few years.
Zodiac sent about twenty letters containing puzzles and encrypted messages to the press, a lawyer and a reporter, stole his name from a brand of watches whose advertising hype at the time was focused on its articles for divers, especially the Zodiac Sea Wolf. He disappeared from the United States in 1974 claiming 37 murders and signing his farewell with a verse on a suicide by drowning taken from Gilbert & Sullivan’s “Mikado”. Thus concluded a dense correspondence in which the references to water are numerous.
The signatures left by Zodiac and by the Monster (also in crimes) present a series of affinities and analogies that do not end in the occurrences above, even if these are the most obvious. Both attacked couples at lover’s lanes, preferably before midnight and on weekends, trying to keep media attention high on themselves. Furthermore, the letter mailed to Della Monica has two other peculiarities in common with the Zodiac’s “literary style”: the missing of a double consonant and the use of the dash.
San Giorgio washing machines ("lavatrici") and household's advertisement
NOTE 1
The word "Wash" was a reference that Zodiac used a few times instead of water. See the complete list of references to the water and "wash" by Zodiac at the bottom
DELLA MONICA’S REQUEST TO SEARCH ABROAD
At the beginning of the 1980s, the hypothesis that the Monster of Florence had emigrated to Italy was not considered science fiction, not by investigators at least. Prosecutor Silvia Della Monica, recipient of the Monster’s challenge letter, asked the Carabinieri and police to verify through the Interpol the existence abroad of criminal episodes that were “analogous for modus operandi” to the attacks of the “Tuscan” serial killer. It was July 3, 1982.
The results of the investigations were not made public, but the range of research asked by the prosecutor investigating the crimes excluded Zodiac, limiting itself to the crimes that occurred after 1970. The last crime officially attributed to the “enigmatic killer” dates back to 11 October 1969, although his parting letter after a three-year interval was sent on January 29, 1974.
The investigations that could have led abroad were abandoned.
Concomitantly with Della Monica’s request to consult Interpol, the crimes of the Monster were linked to a double murder of 1968 that occurred in Lastra a Signa and for which the husband of one of the victims, the Sardinian bricklayer Stefano Mele, had been convicted. On July 20, 1982, the investigators had found five bullets and five shell casings belonged to the Monster among the records of the trial against Mele. They were kept in the archives of the Clerk’s office at the Florence Court, where they would have been since April 1, 1974. This was not the place where they should have been, but the evidence room.
Italian actor Albertazzi: "I wish I was a woman"
NOTE 2
The monster wrote "Dott." (male) instead of the correct "Dott.ssa" (female) in his letter. Dott. and Dott.ssa are titles that precede graduates’ names in formal communications in Italy.
INVESTIGATIONS AND TRIALS
The Monster had no fear of the “Sardinian” lead. He sanctioned it with the blood of six other victims in the Florentine summer nights of 1983, 1984 and 1985, making the police release the suspects of the 1968 one after the other, before concluding his grim sequence of murders with the challenge letter mailed to Della Monica. The investigating judge Mario Rotella accepted the reality. The defendants Piero Mucciarini, Giovanni Mele, and the brothers Francesco and Salvatore Vinci were acquitted on 13th December 1989.
The last real prosecuted “Monster” was Pietro Pacciani, a farmer from Mercatale in Val di Pesa. Pacciani died on February 22, 1998, before the second appeal sentence. After being sentenced at first instance, he had been acquitted of all charges in 1996 and then remanded for further judgment by the Cassation. The two alleged accomplices, Giancarlo Lotti and Mario Vanni, were definitively sentenced in 2000.
Last summer, a piece of news leaked from the Prosecutor’s Office saying Paride Minervini, ballistic expert of the prosecutor in charge of investigations on the Monster, attorney Luca Turco, had found traces of a falsification in one of the decisive evidence against Pacciani, a .22 caliber cartridge, brand Winchester "H series", found in a stake in his kitchen garden.
Zodiac Sea Wolf advertisement
ZODIAC
According to reports drawn up by the police, at the time of his disappearance Zodiac must have been a stout, stocky built forty years old man possibly with a prominent stomach, about 5.8’ in height. Contrasting comments on hair color. One of the surviving victims saw them light brown, one other, dark brown, for other witnesses they were reddish-brown. The contradictions indicated that the killer had disguised himself in all the attacks, as he stated in a letter to the San Francisco Chronicle mailed on November 9, 1969.
Two Department of Justice’s reports dated 1970 and 1971 signed by the agent Mel Nicolai accused Zodiac of six homicides committed in California between 1966 and 1969. For detective Dave Toschi and other American investigators he had slaughtered a girl in Riverside, killed a taxi driver in San Francisco, and attacked three couples at lover’s lanes in Vallejo and Lake Berryessa.
On 14th September 1974, two teenagers were killed at the Fontanine di Rabatta, in Mugello, a few months after the last official Zodiac’s written communication. It’s the first ascertained crime of the “couples maniac”, one of his three attacks officially remained without a guilty.
Belli Envelope
APPENDIX
References to the water by Zodiac:
  • Riverside, October 30, 1966 (the city where the murder was committed);
  • Zodiac watches, possibly the Sea Wolf, 1967 (advertisement);
  • Lake Herman Road, December 20, 1968 (crime location);
  • Blue Rock Springs, July 4, 1969 (crime location);
  • Springs Road, July 5, 1969 (phone booth location);
  • «Water hose», August 4, 1969 (letter);
  • Lake Berryessa, September 27, 1969 (crime location);
  • «I am drownding», December 20, 1969 (letter);
  • «Blue meannies», yellow submarine) (movie on The Beatles), April 20, 1970 (letter);
  • «I was swamped out by the rain», April 20, 1970 (letter);
  • «I shall listen to their pleass for water», July 26, 1970 (letter);
  • «I am crack (instead of water) proof», October 5, 1970 (postcard);
  • «By fire, by gun, by knife, by rope (on the cover he copied there was also “by water” which here is omitted)», October 27, 1970, Halloween card, (based on the cover of Tim Holt No. 30, discovery by Tahoe27 here);
  • «I am crack (instead of water) proof», March 13, 1971 (letter);
  • «Blue meannies», yellow submarine), March 13, 1971 (letter);
  • «He plunged himself into the billowy wave and an echo arose from the suicides grave» (a “death by water”, excerpt from the Mikado by William S. Gilbert and Arthur Sullivan), January 29, 1974 (last signature).
References to "wash":
  • Washing line ( link), September 27, 1969 (evidence);
  • Car wash (link), September 27, 1969 (phone booth location);
  • Washington Street, October 11, 1969 (crime scene);
  • «Washington street», October 13, 1969 (letter);
  • «I just washed my pen», November 8, 1969 (greeting card).
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2020.03.24 16:13 HandsLikeLuke The comprehensive list of longest overtime wins for each NHL franchise

As many of us have been forced to self-quarantine recently, with no sports the hours can sometimes feel like days. While browsing through some classic NHL playoff moments, I stumbled upon the list of the longest ever games played. That of course gave me an idea to find and list the longest ever game that each NHL franchise has appeared in. However, I soon decided to pivot on my idea just a bit. Not wanting to bring anyone down by listing their longest game that may been a loss, (or in the case of some teams, their three longest games that have all been losses coughCapitalscough), I decided to comb through a specifically look for each team’s longest ever overtime WIN. Games that are one of the top 50 longest of all time are noted as well.
Please note that this only includes the current incarnations of each franchise, and doesn’t take into account previous places and/or teams they may have been. So for Dallas, I didn’t look into Minnesota North Stars games, and for Colorado I didn’t look into any Nordiques games. Same with the Jets, I just looked at the current incarnation of the Jets, not anything with the Thrashers or the previous Jets that are now in Arizona.
It certainly is possible that I may have made a mistake, and if so, please feel free to correct me.
And I know this is a great big wall of text, but it’s actually a fun history lesson. And let’s face it, most of you really don’t have anything better to do:

Anaheim Ducks

April 24, 2003
American Airlines Center, Dallas TX
Round 2, Game 1
Anaheim-4, Dallas-3
5 Overtimes, 140:48 total length
Game Winner: Petr Sykora (Adam Oates, Mike Leclerc)
4th longest game in NHL History
Recap: The 7th-seeded Ducks’ Cinderella run to the Stanley Cup Finals on the Back of J-S Giguere in 2003 started with a stunning sweep of the reigning champion Detroit Red Wings in round 1. Round 2 pitted them against #1 seed Dallas, and the first game of the series ended up being a classic, pushing into 5 overtimes before Petr Sykora ended the game 48 seconds into the fifth overtime.
Goalies: J-S Giguere, ANA (63 shots-60 saves). Marty Turco, DAL (54 shots-50 saves)
Series result: Anaheim won the series 4-2, but eventually lost in the Stanley Cup Finals to New Jersey in 7 games.

Arizona Coyotes

April 27, 2012
Gila River Arena in Glendale, AZ
Round 2, Game 1
Arizona-4 Nashville-3
1 Overtime, 74:04 total length
Game Winner: Ray Whitney (Martin Hanzal)
Recap: One of the shortest games on our list and one of the startling few in which the home team won. Arizona was fresh off of a 6 game series win against Chicago in 2012, while Nashville was coming off an opening series win against Detroit. The Coyotes’ longest overtime victory was this one-overtime affair in which they were out-shot almost 2-to-1 but still managed to come out victorious with a goal from Ray Whitney 14:04 into the first OT.
Goalies: Mike Smith, AZ (42 shots-39 saves). Pekka Rinne, NSH (24 shots-20 saves)
Series result: The Coyotes won the series 4-1, but lost in the third round to the eventual Stanley Cup champion LA Kings 4-2.

Boston Bruins

March 21, 1939
Madison Square Garden, New York NY
Round 2, Game 1
Boston-2, NY Rangers-1
3 Overtimes, 119:25 total length
Game Winner: Mel Hill
15th longest game in NHL History
Recap: Many Bruins fans sadly may not be familiar with Mel Hill, but he is really one of the most clutch playoff performers in franchise history. The Bruins were the #1 seed at the end of the 1938-39 season and faced off against the Rangers in the second round of the playoffs after a first round bye. The series was full of overtime heroics, started by Mel Hill this game when he scored 19:25 into the third OT.
Goalies: Frank Brimsek, BOS (no record of shots). Dave Kerr, NYR
Series result: Game 2 in Boston went into overtime as well, and once again it was Mel Hill who scored 8:24 into the first OT. Boston also won game 3 to take a 3-0 series lead, but the Rangers stormed back with 3 straight wins to push the series to a decisive game 7 in Boston. The seventh game would end up the being 32nd longest game in NHL history, and the Bruins scored 8 minutes into the third overtime to win the series. The goal scorer in that game? You guessed it, Mel Hill. Boston went onto defeat Toronto in 5 games to win their second Stanley Cup in franchise history. Mel Hill would only play two more seasons in Boston before being traded to the Brooklyn Americans and then the Maple Leafs where he spent the last 5 seasons of his NHL career, finishing with 198 points in 324 games.

Buffalo Sabres

April 27, 1994
Buffalo Memorial Auditorium, Buffalo NY
Round 1, Game 6
Buffalo-1 New Jersey-0
4 Overtimes, 125:43 in total length
Game Winner: Dave Hannan (Jason Dawe, Wayne Presley)
11th longest game in NHL History
Recap: This first round playoff series pitted #3 seed New Jersey with #6 seed Buffalo. Both teams alternated wins in the series and the Devils came into game 6 with a 3-2 series lead. In what is undoubtedly one of the most impressive goaltending displays between two of the all-time greatest goaltenders, Dominik Hasek and Martin Brodeur put on a clinic in game 6, stopping a combined 119 out of 120 shots before depth forward Dave Hannan finally got one past Brodeur to even the series at 3 and force a game 7. It was Hannan’s 6th, and last, career playoff goal
Goalies: Dominik Hasek, BUF (70 shots-70 saves). Martin Brodeur, NJ (50 shots, 49 saves)
Series result: One of the handful of instances on this list where the winning team would eventually lose the series. The Devils won game 7 two days later, and then defeated Boston in 6 games in round 2, before losing to the eventual Cup champion Rangers in the Eastern Conference Finals in 7 games

Calgary Flames

April 11, 1981
Chicago Stadium, Chicago IL
Round 1, Game 3
Calgary-5, Chicago-4
2 Overtimes, 95:17 in total length
Game Winner: Willi Plett (Guy Chouinard)
Recap: Back when the opening round of the playoffs was a best of 5 series and teams were seeded 1-16, #7 seed Calgary faced off against #10 seed Chicago in the opening round of the 1981 playoffs. After winning the first 2 games of the series, the Flames led 4-2 after the second period of game 3, before Al Secord and Darryl Sutter scored in the last 3 minutes for Chicago to push the game to sudden death. The Flames prevailed though, as noted pugilist Willi Plett scored the winner in double OT to win the series for Calgary.
Goalies: Reggie Lemelin, CGY (65 shots-61 saves). Tony Esposito, CHI (48 shots-43 saves)
Series result: The goal won the series 3-0 for Calgary, who then defeated Philadelphia in 7 games in the second round, but fell to Minnesota in 6 games in the third round.

Carolina Hurricanes

April 24, 2019
Capital One Arena, Washington DC
Round 1, Game 7
Carolina-4, Washington-3
2 Overtimes, 91:05 in total length
Game Winner: Brock McGinn (Justin Williams, Jaccob Slavin)
Recap: The first of a startling amount of times where the Capitals find themselves on the wrong end of this list, the Hurricanes entered the 2019 playoffs as a wild card team in their first playoff appearance since 2009. They faced off against reigning Stanley Cup champ and Metropolitan Division champion Washington. The home team won the first 6 games of the series and game 7 entered sudden death overtime. Brock McGinn’s goal 11:05 into double OT slayed the Caps and propelled Carolina into round two.
Goalies: Petr Mrazek, CAR (37 shots-34 saves). Braden Holtby, WSH (42 shots-38 saves)
Series result: The goal won the series 4-3 for Carolina, who then swept the Islanders in the second round, before getting swept themselves in the Eastern Conference Finals by Boston.

Chicago Blackhawks

May 19, 2015
Honda Center, Anaheim CA
Round 3, Game 2
Chicago-3, Anaheim-2
3 Overtimes, 116:12 in total length
Game Winner: Marcus Kruger (Brent Seabrook, Johnny Oduya)
17th longest game in NHL history
Recap: Impressive that in the 94 years of Blackhawks hockey, the longest win in franchise history happened just 5 years ago. Chicago had defeated Nashville and Minnesota to make it to the West Finals, and the Ducks had beaten Winnipeg and Calgary. Anaheim took game 1 on home ice, but Marcus Kruger’s goal 16:12 into triple OT of game 2 evened the series
Goalies: Corey Crawford, CHI (62 shots-60 saves). Frederik Andersen, ANA (56 shots-53 saves)
Series result: The Blackhawks prevailed in 7 games to capture the Clarence Campbell Bowl, and then won the Stanley Cup by defeating Tampa Bay in 6 games.

Colorado Avalanche

May 8, 1996
United Center, Chicago IL
Round 2, Game 4
Colorado-3, Chicago-2
3 Overtimes, 104:33 in total length
Game Winner: Joe Sakic (Alexei Gusarov, Mike Ricci)
38th longest game in NHL history
Recap: Many Avs fans might have immediately thought of Uwe Krupp’s 3OT Stanley Cup winner in 1996 when first thinking of their longest wins, but if not for this goal by Sakic a month earlier, who knows if Colorado would have even made it to the Finals that year at all. #2 seed Colorado had defeated Vancouver in 6 games in round one, and #3 seed Blackhawks swept Calgary in their first round matchup. The teams split the first two games in Colorado before Chicago won game 3 at home. Joe Sakic’s goal 4:33 into triple OT evened the series back up at two, and made the game 2 seconds longer than their win in game 4 of the Stanley Cup finals later that year.
Goalies: Patrick Roy, COL (34 shots-32 saves). Ed Belfour, CHI (57 shots-54 saves)
Series result: The Avalanche won games 5 and 6 to propel them to the Western Conference Finals where they defeated Detroit in 6 games, and then swept Florida to earn their first ever Stanley Cup.

Columbus Blue Jackets

April 27, 2019
TD Garden, Boston MA
Round 2, Game 2
Columbus-3, Boston-2
2 Overtimes, 83:42 in total length
Game Winner: Matt Duchene (Artemi Panarin, Cam Atkinson)
Recap: Just 3 calendar days after the longest win in Carolina Hurricanes history, we have the longest win in Columbus Blue Jackets history. After shocking the hockey world by sweeping the Presidents Trophy winning Tampa Bay Lightning, the Jackets met Boston in round 2, who had just defeated Toronto in 7 games for the second straight year. The Jackets were behind 1-0 in the series before Duchene’s goal in double OT evened things up at one game apiece.
Goalies: Sergei Bobrovsky, CBJ (31 shots-29 saves). Tuukka Rask, BOS (41 shots-38 saves)
Series result: Another one of the few times on this list where the winning team would eventually lose the series. Boston ultimately won the series in 6 games, and then swept the Hurricanes in the Eastern Conference Finals before falling in the Cup Finals to St. Louis.

Dallas Stars

May 4, 2008
American Airlines Center, Dallas TX
Round 2, Game 6
Dallas-2, San Jose-1
4 Overtimes, 129:03 total length
Game Winner: Brenden Morrow (Stephane Robidas, Mike Ribeiro)
8th longest game in NHL history
Recap: Stars fans obviously remember this classic well, and another one of the home team victories. After defeating the Ducks in 5 games in round 1, the Stars earned a matchup against #2 seed San Jose who had just defeated Calgary in 7 games. Dallas won the first 3 games of the series, but the Sharks wouldn’t go quietly and won games 4 and 5. Dallas captain Brenden Morrow’s quadruple OT winner in game 6 finally propelled the Stars to the West Finals for the first time since 2000. Although it’s the 8th longest overall game in NHL history, it is the second longest game in NHL history in which the home team has won.
Goalies: Marty Turco, DAL (62 shots-61 saves). Evgeni Nabokov, SJ (55 shots-53 saves)
Series result: The goal won the series 4-2 for Dallas, who then lost in the Western Conference Finals in 6 games to eventual Cup champion Detroit.

Detroit Red Wings

March 24, 1936
Montreal Forum, Montreal QUE
Round 2, Game 1
Detroit-1, Montreal-0
6 Overtimes, 176:30 total length
Game Winner: Mud Bruneteau
Longest game in NHL History
Recap: Before we discuss the biggest game on this list, we'll have to spell out some of the basics first. This was the last season the NHL used a rather unconventional playoff format. The league was divided into two divisions: the American (DET, BOS, CHI, NYR) and the Canadian (TOR, MTL Candiens, MTL Maroons, and NY Americans). For the playoffs, the 2nd place teams from each division played a 2 game series and the team that scored the most goals won the series. The two 3rd place teams also did the same, and the winners of those 2 series advanced to the second round and played against each other in a best of 3 series. Meanwhile, the actual winners of the 2 divisions had a first round bye and then played each other in the second round, also in a best of 3 series. The Stanley Cup finals was then a best of 5 series. The Red Wings finished the 1935-36 season with the NHL’s best record, winning the American Division and securing a first round bye in the playoffs, but their playoff draw was then the Canadian division champion and reigning Stanley Cup champion Montreal Maroons. Game one of the series ended up being the longest game in NHL history, with Red Wings goaltender Normie Smith making an unprecedented 92 saves (and reportedly losing 12 pounds in the process). Wings rookie forward Modere “Mud” Bruneteau scored his first ever playoff goal to finally end the game, which started at 8:30pm EST and ended after 2:30am. Also of note was that the ice was never resurfaced, as the modern Zamboni had not yet been invented, so it was simply swept between periods and small holes or scratches were spot-filled with water. Normie Smith’s record still holds up as the most saves in a shutout in NHL history.
Goalies: Normie Smith, DET (92 shots-92 saves). Lorne Chabot, MTL (no record of shots)
Series result: Incredibly, Normie Smith would shutout the Maroons again 3-0 two nights later, and Detroit won game three 2-1 for a series sweep. Maroons players reportedly hugged and patted Normie Smith on the back in the handshake line after the series, as even they were in awe of his incredible stretch of games. The Wings then defeated Toronto in 4 games to win the Stanley Cup.

Edmonton Oilers

May 15, 1990
Boston Garden, Boston MA
Stanley Cup Final, Game 1
Edmonton-3, Boston 2
3 Overtimes, 115:13 total length
Game Winner: Petr Klima (Jarri Kurri, Craig MacTavish)
18th longest game in NHL History
Recap: In 1990, the Oilers qualified for the Stanley Cup Finals for the 6th time in 8 years with wins over Winnipeg, LA, and Chicago. The Bruins had defeated Hartford, Montreal and Washington en route to their Finals appearance, where they looked to avenge getting swept at the hands of Edmonton in the Finals 2 years prior. Game 1 would turn out to be the longest game in Stanley Cup Finals history, a record that still stands today. After Edmonton went up 2-0 early in the game, Ray Bourque scored two 3rd period goals for Boston to even the score. It would remain 2-2 until little-used Petr Klima took advantage of his fresh legs to score and give the Oilers the lead in the series.
Goalies: Bill Ranford, EDM (52 shots-50 saves). Andy Moog, BOS (31 shots-28 saves)
Series result: Edmonton would go onto capture the Stanley Cup by defeating Boston in 5 games.

Florida Panthers

May 12, 1996
CoreStates Spectrum, Philadelphia PA
Round 2, Game 5
Florida-2, Philadelphia-1
2 Overtimes, 88:05 total length
Game Winner: Mike Hough (Brian Skrudland, Jody Hull)
Recap: In just their 3rd year in the NHL, the Panthers rallied behind goalie John Vanbiesbrouck and Scott Mellanby’s infamous RAT TRICK all the way to a Stanley Cup Final appearance in 1996. Florida entered the playoffs as the 4th seed in the East, and defeated #5 seed Boston in round 1 to then earn a match with #1 seed Philly. The series was tied 2-2 going into Game 5, when veteran winger Mike Hough ended the contest 8:05 into double OT to give the Panthers the stranglehold on the series.
Goalies: John Vanbiesbrouck, FLA (35 shots-34 saves). Ron Hextall, PHI (42 shots-40 saves)
Series result: Florida won game 6 at home to win the series, and then toppled Pittsburgh in 7 games to capture the Prince of Wales Trophy, before losing to Colorado in 4 straight in the Stanley Cup Finals.

Los Angeles Kings

June 13, 2014
Staples Center, Los Angeles CA
Stanley Cup Finals, Game 5
LA-3, NY Rangers-2
2 Overtimes, 94:43 total length
Game Winner: Alec Martinez (Tyler Toffoli, Kyle Clifford)
Recap: Look away Ranger fans! The only game on our list that is a Stanley Cup winner, and another rare home team victory as well. The Kings were fighting for their 2nd Cup in three years, and had already fought back from a 3-0 series deficit in the first round against San Jose, and then two 7 game series’ against Anaheim and Chicago. The Rangers had gone through Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, and Montreal to earn a berth in the Finals for the first time since their 1994 Cup. The Kings won the first 3 games but the Rangers stayed alive with a 2-1 win in game 4. The Rangers led 2-1 going into the 3rd period of game 5, but Marian Gaborik tied the game with 12 minutes left in regulation for LA. As overtime pushed on, Alec Martinez finally scored and won the Stanley Cup for the Kings off of a Henrik Lundqvist rebound.
Goalies: Jonathan Quick, LA (30 shots-28 saves). Henrik Lundqvist, NYR (51 shots-48 saves)

Minnesota Wild

April 14, 2008
Pepsi Center, Denver CO
Round 1, Game 3
Minnesota-3, Colorado-2
1 Overtime, 71:58 total length
Game Winner: Pierre-Marc Bouchard (Brian Rolston)
Recap: Despite having many playoff appearances since their inception, the Wild have not had many long overtime victories. The Wild entered the 2008 playoffs as the 3rd seed in the West, and drew a first round matchup against #6 seed Colorado. After splitting the first two games, Bouchard’s OT winner in game 3 gave Minnesota a 2-1 series lead.
Goalies: Niklas Backstrom, MIN (46 shots-44 saves). Jose Theodore, COL (39 shots-36 svaes)
Series result: Unfortunately the Wild still came out on the short end of this series, losing the next three games in a row to end the series in 6 games in favor of Colorado.

Montreal Canadiens

March 28, 1930
Montreal Forum, Montreal QUE
Round 2, Game 2
Montreal-2, NY Rangers-1
4 Overtimes, 128:52 overall length
Game Winner: Gus Rivers
9th longest game in NHL history
Recap: The 1929-30 season was the first year where forward passing was allowed in the offensive zone, and it was also the first appearance of a goalie mask, when goalie Clint Benedict donned a leather mask for a handful of games after being injured. The Canadiens finished 2nd in the Canadian Division of the NHL, behind only the Montreal Maroons. After defeating Chicago in the first round of the playoffs, the Habs faced off against the Rangers in round 2. Game 1 was tied at 1 until Gus Rivers finally ended the game 8:20 into the 4th OT. At the time, it was the longest game ever played in the NHL, a record that would only last 3 years.
Goalies: George Hainsworth, MTL (No record of shots). John Ross Roach, NYR
Series result: The Habs also won game 2 to clinch the best-of-3 series and a berth in the Stanley Cup finals, where they faced off against Boston. Once again, the NHL playoff format at the time was quite unorthodox. The two division champions played a second round best of 5 series while the lower bracketed teams second round series was still only a best of 3. Those winners would meet in the Stanley Cup Finals, which was also only a best of 3. The Bruins finished that year 38-5-1 and never lost consecutive games all season, but the resilient Canadiens promptly beat them twice in a row to win the best of 3 series and a Stanley Cup championship. The following year, the Stanley Cup Finals was changed to also be a best of 5 series.

Nashville Predators

May 5, 2016
Bridgestone Arena, Nashville TN
Round 2, Game 4
Nashville-4, San Jose-3
3 Overtimes, 111:12 total length
Game Winner: Mike Fisher (Matthias Ekholm, Colin Wilson)
Tied for 28th longest game in NHL history
Recap: Nashville qualified for the 2016 playoffs as a Wild Card team, but beat Anaheim in 7 games in the first round, where San Jose awaited them. The Sharks had just excised their playoff demons with a 5 game victory in their opening series against hated rival LA. After dropping the first 2 games in San Jose, the Preds won game 3 in Nashville to climb back into the series. In game 4, Brent Burns gave the Sharks a 3-2 lead early in the third period before James Neal evened the score with less than 5 minutes remaining in regulation. After a few close calls in OT, it was Mike Fisher who finally sent the fans home happy 11:12 into the 3rd OT to win the game and even the series.
Goalies: Pekka Rinne, NSH (47 shots-44 saves). Martin Jones, SJ (45 shots-41 saves)
Series result: Nashville ultimately couldn’t hang onto the momentum from the win, and fell to San Jose in 7 games.

New Jersey Devils

May 2, 2003
Continental Airlines Arena, East Rutherford NJ
Round 2, Game 5
New Jersey-2, Tampa Bay-1
3 Overtimes, 111:12 total length
Game Winner: Grant Marshall (Scott Niedermayer, Colin White)
Tied for 28th longest game in NHL history
Recap: A game that is the exact same length as Nashville’s record holder. The Devils were the #2 seed in the East in 2003 and defeated Boston in the first round to face off against the Lightning in round 2, who had just beaten the Caps in 6 games (thanks to a game we'll see later on this list). The Devils led in the series 3-1 and Grant Marshall ended Tampa’s season 11:12 into triple overtime to send New Jersey to the East Finals.
Goalies: Martin Brodeur, NJ (39 shots-38 saves). John Grahame, TB (48 shots-46 saves)
Series result: The goal won the series 4-1 for New Jersey, who then defeated #1 seed Ottawa in 7 games to earn a berth in the Stanley Cup Finals, where they beat Anaheim in 7 games to clinch their third Cup in franchise history.

New York Islanders

April 18, 1987
Capital Centre, Washington DC
Round 1, Game 7
NY Islanders-3, Washington-2
4 Overtimes, 128:47 total length
Game Winner: Pat LaFontaine (Ken Leiter, Gord Dineen)
10th longest game in NHL history
Recap: In what is now commonly referred to as the Easter Epic, the Isles and Caps first round series culminated in a game 7 matchup on Easter Sunday in 1987. Washington had held a 3-1 series lead before New York clawed back in with wins in game 5 and 6. In the deciding seventh game, the Caps had a 2-1 lead going into the 3rd period before Bryan Trottier tied the game up for the Islanders with a little more than 5 minutes left in regulation. It would take all the way until 8:47 into the 4th OT before Pat Lafontaine finally ended the game, and the series, in favor of the Islanders. It game remains the longest game 7 in the history of the Stanley Cup playoffs.
Goalies: Kelly Hrudey, NYI (75 shots-73 saves). Bob Mason, WSH (57 shots-54 saves)
Series result: The goal won the series 4-3 for the Islanders, who then fell in the second round to Philadelphia in 7 games.

New York Rangers

March 26, 1932
Montreal Forum, Montreal QUE
Round 2, Game 2
NY Rangers-4, Montreal-3
3 Overtimes, 119:32 total length
Game Winner: Bun Cook
14th longest game in NHL history
Recap: It was a marathon rematch between 2 goalies who had already met previously on our list. Just 2 years prior, goalie George Hainsworth and the Montreal Canadiens defeated goalie John Ross Roach and the Rangers in the 1930 NHL playoffs in what is now the 9th longest NHL game of all time. This time however, the tables turned. The Rangers had won the American Division during the 1931-32 regular season, but dropped game 1 of their best of 5 series against Montreal. But as game 2 turned into a marathon, the Rangers made sure they were on the right side of history this time, and Frederick Joseph “Bun” Cook found the net 19:32 into triple OT to even the series.
Goalies: George Hainsworth, MTL (No record of shots). John Ross Roach, NYR
Series result: The Rangers rode the momentum of their victory with another 1-0 win in game 3 the next day in New York, and then another win 2 days after that to clinch the series. However, they couldn’t keep the magic going, and in the Stanley Cup Finals they were swept in three games by Toronto.

Ottawa Senators

April 22, 2010
Mellon Arena, Pittsburgh PA
Round 1, Game 5
Ottawa-4, Pittsburgh-3
3 Overtimes, 107:06 total length
Game Winner: Matt Carkner (Daniel Alfredsson, Mike Fisher)
34th longest game in NHL history
Recap: Ottawa finished the regular season as the 5th seed in 2010, and earned a date with defending Cup champs Pittsburgh in the 1st round. After falling behind 3-1 in the series, the Sens went back to Pittsburgh for game 5 to try and stay alive. Sidney Crosby gave the Pens a 3-2 lead midway through the 3rd period, but Peter Regin tied the game up a minute and a half later. It would take until 7:06 into the 3rd OT before Ottawa defenseman Matt Carkner scored his only career playoff goal to win the game and extend the series.
Goalies: Pascal Leclaire, OTT (59 shots-56 saves). Marc-Andre Fleury, PIT (44 shots-40 saves)
Series result: Game 6 in Ottawa would also go into overtime, but Pascal Dupuis would win it for Pittsburgh and end Ottawa’s season.

Philadelphia Flyers

May 4, 2000
Mellon Arena, Pittsburgh PA
Round 2, Game 4
Philadelphia-2, Pittsburgh-1
5 Overtimes, 152:01 total length
Game Winner: Keith Primeau (Dan McGillis, Luke Richardson)
3rd longest game in NHL history
Recap: The second of 3 straight games to feature the Penguins, and the longest game in NHL history in the expansion era. These two bitter rivals found themselves squared off together in round 2 after top seeded Philly beat Buffalo in 5 games, and #7 seed Pittsburgh upset Washington in 5 games. Pittsburgh won the first two games in Philly but the Flyers answered and took game 3 in Pittsburgh. Alexei Kovalev and John LeClair each scored goals in regulation of game 4 to send the game to overtime, where goaltenders Ron Tugnutt and Brian Boucher put on a magnificent display. It was finally Keith Primeau who ended the marathon 12:01 into the 5th overtime for the Flyers.
Goalies: Brian Boucher, PHI (58 shots-57 saves). Ron Tugnutt, PIT (72 shots-70 saves)
Series result: Pittsburgh could not recover from the crushing defeat, and the Flyers won the next 2 games to capture the series, before bowing out to eventual cup champion New Jersey in 7 games in the Eastern Conference Final.

Pittsburgh Penguins

April 24, 1996
US Airways Arena, Washington DC
Round 1, Game 4
Pittsburgh-3, Washington-2
4 Overtimes, 136:15 total length
Game Winner: Petr Nedved (Sergei Zubov, Jaromir Jagr)
5th longest game in NHL history
Recap: Shield your eyes once again, Caps fans! Another heartbreaking marathon overtime loss for Washington, this time at the hands of hated rival Pittsburgh. The Pens entered the playoffs as the #2 seed in the East, but #7 seed Washington looked to play spoiler and won the first 2 games in Pittsburgh. After a game 3 win for the Penguins, game 4 was a memorable and slightly bizarre affair. Pens goalie Tom Barrasso left after the 1st period due to back spasms, Mario Lemieux got ejected near the end of the 2nd period, and backup Pens goalie Ken Wregget stopped a penalty shot by Joe Juneau in the second overtime. Petr Nedved finally ended the game with less than a minute left in the 4th OT to tie the series.
Goalies: Tom Barrasso, PIT (9 shots-8 saves) & Ken Wregget, PIT (54 shots-53 saves). Olaf Kolzig, WSH (65 shots-62 saves)
Series result: Pittsburgh won the next 2 games to finish off the Caps, and then rolled past the Rangers in 5 games before falling to Florida in 7 games in the Eastern Conference Finals.

St. Louis Blues

April 17, 2014
Scottrade Center, St. Louis MO
Round 1, Game 1
St. Louis-4, Chicago-3
3 Overtimes, 100:26 total length
Game Winner: Alex Steen (Steve Ott, David Backes)
Recap: It was the opening game of the playoffs between these 2 Central Division rivals. The Blues had high hopes for the postseason, acquiring goaltender Ryan Miller at the trade deadline and finishing 2nd in the division with 111 points, 4 more than Chicago. The first period of game 1 featured 5 goals and Chicago held a 3-2 lead once the dust settled. The score remained the same until Jaden Schwartz tied it up with less than 2 minutes remaining in regulation. Alex Steen finally ended the match 26 seconds into triple overtime to grab the Blues a series lead.
Goalies: Ryan Miller, STL (42 shots-39 saves). Corey Crawford, CHI (52 shots-48 saves)
Series result: Despite another OT victory in Game 2, St. Louis dropped the next 4 games to the Blackhawks, losing the series in 6 games.

San Jose Sharks

April 21, 2019
T-Mobile Arena, Las Vegas NV
Round 1, Game 6
San Jose-2, Vegas-1
2 Overtimes, 91:17 total length
Game Winner: Tomas Hertl (Marc-Edouard Vlasic)
Recap: The Sharks won game 1 of this series, before promptly losing 3 in a row to put themselves on the brink of elimination. After a win at home in game 5, Tomas Hertl scored shorthanded 11:17 into double OT to force a game 7 back in the Shark Tank.
Goalies: Martin Jones, SJ (59 shots-58 saves). Marc-Andre Fleury, VGK (29 shots-27 saves)
Series result: The Sharks completed the comeback and knocked off Vegas in game 7, then beat Colorado in 7 games as well before losing st eventual Cup champ St. Louis in 6 games.

Tampa Bay Lightning

April 20, 2003
Capital One Arena, Washington DC
Round 1, Game 6
Tampa Bay-2, Washington-1
3 Overtimes, 104:03 total length
Game Winner: Martin St. Louis (Vincent Lecavalier, Vinny Prospal)
41st longest game in NHL history.
Recap: The Caps again! The horror, the HORROR! Easter Sunday once again was not kind to Washington, who came into the series as the 6th seed in the East, facing off against #3 seed Tampa Bay. After losing the first two games in Tampa, the Lightning ripped off 3 straight wins to put the Caps on the brink of elimination heading into game 6. Peter Bondra and Dave Andreychuk traded goals in regulation before Martin St. Louis ended the Capitals’ season 4:03 into triple OT, and earned Tampa Bay their first ever playoff series win.
Goalies: Nikolai Khabibulin, TB (61 shots-60 saves). Olaf Kolzig, WSH (46 shots-44 saves)
Series result: The goal won the series 4-2 for the Lightning, who then fell to eventual cup champion New Jersey in 5 games in round two.

Toronto Maple Leafs

April 3, 1933
Maple Leaf Gardens, Toronto ONT
Round 2, Game 5
Toronto-1, Boston-0
6 Overtimes, 164:46 total length
Game Winner: Ken Doraty
2nd longest game in NHL history.
Recap: The Leafs finished the 1932-33 NHL season first in the Canadian Division, and matched up against American Division champion Boston after a first round bye. The best of 5 series was deadlocked at 2 games apiece, and the decisive game 5 was almost decided in the 3rd period when Bruin player Alex Smith scored, but it was waved off due to an offside call. The game stayed scoreless and tied, and as the overtimes wore on and with no end in sight, Toronto GM Conn Smythe and Boston GM Art Ross worried about ice conditions and began to think of unorthodox ways to end the game. They both agreed that the game should be decided by a coin toss after 4 overtimes, but the players adamantly refused that solution and demanded to play on. Finally, rookie Ken Doraty scored 4:46 into the sixth OT to win the game and the series for the Leafs. Toronto goalie Lorne Chabot was the hero, however just three years later, he would come up short in the longest game in NHL history against Detroit.
Goalies: Lorne Chabot, TOR (No record of shots). Tiny Thompson, BOS
Series result: The goal won the series 3-2 for Toronto, who then had to play game 1 of the Stanley Cup Finals the very next day against the Rangers. Worse even for the Leafs was that the game was in New York, and had to be played early because the circus was coming to town later that week. The presumably exhausted Leafs lost the series 3-1 to the Rangers.

Vancouver Canucks

April 11, 2007
GM Place, Vancouver BC
Round 1, Game 1
Vancouver-5, Dallas-4
4 Overtimes, 138:06 total length
Game Winner: Henrik Sedin (Daniel Sedin, Matthias Ohlund)
6th longest game in NHL history.
Recap: Vancouver entered the 2007 playoffs as the 3rd seed in the West, facing off against #6 seed Dallas. Although regulation of game 1 was chock full of scoring, both teams had a ton of trouble finding the net in overtime, until Henrik Sedin finally ended the game 18:06 into the 4th OT. The game started at 10:00PM EST and did not end until after 3:00AM. It was also Roberto Luongo’s first ever playoff start, and he set a record for most saves made in an NHL postseason debut.
Goalies: Roberto Luongo, VAN (76 shots-72 saves). Marty Turco, DAL (56 shots-51 saves)
Series result: The Canucks edged out the Stars in 7 games, before falling to eventual Cup champ Anaheim in 5 games in round two.

Vegas Golden Knights

April 13, 2018
T-Mobile Arena, Las Vegas NV
Round 1, Game 2
Vegas-2, LA-1
2 Overtimes, 95:23 total length
Game Winner: Erik Haula (James Neal, Shea Theodore)
Recap: It’s tough to find many more firsts when talking about this game for the Golden Knights. First season in the NHL. First playoff series. First playoff game to go into overtime, and also still the longest OT win in their young franchise history. The Knights were up 1-0 in the series headed into game 2. After Alex Tuch and Paul Ladue traded goals in regulation, Erik Haula scored 15:23 into double OT to seal the win and a 2-0 series lead.
Goalies: Marc-Andre Fleury, VGK (30 shots-29 saves). Jonathan Quick, LA (56 shots-54 saves)
Series result: The win was a sign of historic things to come for Vegas, as they swept the Kings, then defeated San Jose in 6 games and the Jets in 5 games to reach the Stanley Cup Finals in their first season. Unfortunately they couldn’t complete the Cinderella run and fell to the Caps in 5 games.

Washington Capitals

April 20, 2011
Madison Square Garden, New York NY
Round 1, Game 5
Capitals-4, Rangers-3
2 Overtimes, 92:36 total length
Game Winner: Jason Chimera
Recap: It’s been a really tough ride for the Caps on this list so far. They’ve made a ton of playoff appearances in their history, however it seems every time they’ve entered a long overtime contest, they always come up short. But finally, it’s Washington’s time to shine! In 2011, the Caps were the #1 seed in the East and faced off against #8 seed NY Rangers in round 1. Washington won the first 2 games on home ice before the Rangers grabbed a game 3 win in New York. Game 4 started off all Rangers again as they took a 3-0 lead into the 3rd period. Washington rallied though, and Alex Semin scored early in the third period and then Marcus Johansson scored twice to force the game into overtime. Jason Chimera finally ended the game on a fluky bounce 12:26 into double OT to give the Caps a 3-1 series lead.
Goalies: Michal Neuvirth, WSH (39 shots-36 saves). Henrik Lundqvist, NYR (53 shots-49 saves)
Series result: Washington kept it rolling, cruising past the Rangers in game 5 to earn the series win. Their celebration was short lived however, as Tampa Bay swept them in round two.

Winnipeg Jets

April 16, 2019
Enterprise Center, St. Louis MO
Round 1, Game 4
Jets-2, Blues-1
1 Overtime, 66:02 total length
Game Winner: Kyle Connor (Mark Scheifele, Blake Wheeler)
Recap: It is slim pickings for the current incarnation of the Jets, as they’ve only had one overtime playoff win in their history since moving back to Winnipeg. The Jets finished the 2018-19 season 2nd in the Central division, and squared off against 3rd place St. Louis in round one. The road team had won the first 3 games of the series, with the Blues taking the first two in Winnipeg and the Jets winning game 3 in St. Louis. That pattern ultimately stayed true for game 4. The game entered the 3rd period scoreless before Vladimir Tarasenko scored 25 seconds into the period for St. Louis, and Mark Scheifele answered 7 minutes later for the Jets to tie the game back up and force OT. Kyle Connor found the net 6:02 into overtime to win the game for the Jets and tie up the series.
Goalies: Connor Hellebuyck, WPG (32 shots-31 saves). Jordan Binnington, STL (39 shots-27 saves)
Series result: The road team once again triumphed in game 5 when St. Louis won 3-2 in Winnipeg, and then finally finished off the series in game 6 at home. The Blues would of course go onto win the Stanley Cup.
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2019.01.30 06:41 AhuwahZeus Mafia Commission

Thomas Gambino Sr. runs a Medical charity racket in NY and resides in Florida as one of the top members of the modern Commission. Thomas Sr.'s wife is Frances Lucchese. They oversee the Luccheses and factions of the Gambinos. The Lucchesi-Palli family are a nobility of Sicily, Tuscany, and Austria and they own the Lucchese crime family. The Russian Mafia in Brighton Beach, New York pay tributes to the Lucchese crime family. The Russian Mafia has held meetings in Austria where the Lucchesi-Palli are nobles. Frank Stronach is an Austrian businessman that owns horse race tracks in the US including the Rosecroft Raceway in Maryland where the Corsican Mafia are covertly headquartered. The Corsican Mafia partnered with the Lucchese crime family through their "French Connection" heroin operation. The mafia use horse race tracks as headquarters for money laundering.
Carlo Gambino "Lucchese" is the grandson of the founder of the Gambinos through his father and grandson of the founder of the Luccheses through his mother. The Luccheses have an alliance with the Russian Mafia. The Russian Mafia have operations in Florida and California and the Gambinos live in New York, Florida, and California.
Thomas Gambino "Lucchese" Jr. owns an international warehouse and distribution company called Dynamic Worldwide with operations in China and other parts of Asia as well as in Texas next to the Mexican border. Thomas Jr. is headquartered out of Florida.
Frank Cali is the top boss in California and Los Angeles and has high authority within the Gambino crime family. Frank Cali covertly works with the Israeli-American businessmen Lyor Cohen who works with criminal rappers like Jay Z, Kanye West, DMX, and Method Man. Lyor Cohen is married to the deputy chairman of Christie's Asia Xin Li. The Massimo family of Rome own the Gambinos and Prince Tancredi Massimo works at Christies.
Rosario Gambino is Frank Calis uncle and adviser with close connections to Rome. The Gambinos are owned by the Massimo family with Prince Fabrizio Massimo-Brancaccio who is like the godfather of organized crime. The Massimos received tributes from most mafias and cartels around the world.
Massimo Carminati who was imprisoned in 2017 was the head of the Nuclei Armati Rivoluzionari (NAR) a Neo-Fascist paramilitary group that still covertly exists and works with the Magliana Mafia of Rome. The NAR is involved in weapons trafficking, assassinations, and contract killings and they are owned by the Massimo family. Massimo Carminati was nicknamed the "Last King of Rome"
Leonardo Rizzuto is the head of the Montreal crime family which includes the Rizzutos and Cuntrera Caruana mafia. They have a business alliance with Venezuelan drug cartels and the Sinaloa Cartel. The Rizzutos have residences in Venezuela and meet with the Sinaloa Cartel on the Island of Margarita and properties owned by the Rizzuto crime family's owners the Ruspoli noble family of Rome.
Jack Giacalone runs the Detroit Mafia and the International Brotherhood of Teamsters in the US through James Hoffa the son of Jimmy Hoffa who was disappeared by the Giacalones. The Detroit Mafia runs rackets on the US automotive industry. Giacalone also works with the Jewish billionaire and crook Daniel Gilbert who owns casinos in Detroit, Cleveland, and also owns the Cleveland Cavaliers. Dan Gilbert renamed his casino company Jack Entertainment to honor Jack Giacalone. The Detroit Mafia is owned by the Odescalchi family of Rome.
Russell Papalardo is a top boss of the Cleveland crime family which works closely with the Detroit Mafia. The Licavole family have been top members of the Cleveland crime family. Their relative named Jimmy Laccavole is one of the most insane and relentless gang stalkers and paid slanderers in my region. He is a small little zealous psychopath that specializes in poisoning people and brainwashing them with insane lies. The Orsini family are owners of the Cleveland crime family and they are merged with the German Rosenberg family which own some Jewish mafias with the Def Jam CEO Paul Rosenberg as a member of the Jewish Mafia.
Meyer Lansky III runs territories in Vegas today and is a top member of the Jewish-Polish Mafia and associate of the Chicago Outfit. His grandfather Meyer Lansky was a Polish-Jew. Lansky III works with Tamares Group which is a casino company in Vegas owned by the Zabludowicz family which are Polish-Israeli Jews with Poju Zabludowicz. The Colonna family are owners of the Chicago Outfit and use the Roselli del Turco and Capponi noble families of Florence to mange them. Al Capone and John Rosseli were Chicago mobsters and related to these noble families. The Colonna family of Rome also have a Polish branch called the Colonna-Walewski family. Meyer Lanski was a Polish Jew.
Simone Rizzo DeCavalcate Jr. oversees the New Jersey crime family from Florida and he works with Wu-Tang rapper RZA or Robert Fitzgerald Diggs who lives in NJ and runs AVLN gangs, 5 Percenter Islamic Gang Stalkers, and other street gangs involved in drug trafficking of marijuana, PCP, crack-cocaine, and heroin. Wu-Tang also works with the Gambinos, Westies, and the Triads.
John Bokun is a high level and extremely dangerous Irish gangster that runs the Irish Westies in Hells Kitchen. John Bokun has a monopoly on marijuana both in the streets and in the medical industry. He extorts the medical marijuana industry and street sale of marijuana in the US. John Bokun was arrested several years ago for transporting a half of million in marijuana on his 40 million dollar jet from California to the East Coast. The Westies are allied with the Gambinos and Gottis. John Bokun is an extremely evil murderous psychopath that needs to be executed immediately.
Jay O'Connor is an Irish Mafia boss from Dublin. The Irish Mafia are extremely violent and involved in drug trafficking, gun trafficking, murder, extortion, thefts, robberies, and business rackets. The Irish Mafia often operate out of boxing clubs, bars, and racetracks. The Rooney family in the US are Irish white collar mobsters involved in politics and business. They recently sold their Yonkers Raceway in 2019 to MGM. They owned the Yonkers Raceway since 1972. In 1995 there were arrests at the Rooney's Yonkers Raceway for a multimillion dollar gambling ring.
Gerry Hutch is an Irish Mafia boss that runs rackets in the boxing industry and has been involved in robberies. Hutch has worked with the boxer Mike Tyson and has run boxing rings in Ireland. Conor McGregor is an associate of the Irish Mafia in Dublin and is a boxer and MMA fighter. The mafia rig fights for their bets. Bookies will collect bets and then the mafia decides who wins based on which is most profitable for them. Conor McGregor is an Irish mobster.
Terry Adams is an English gangster in Clerkenwell, London. The Adams crime family are involved in extortion, drug trafficking, human trafficking, sex trafficking of minors, blackmail, contract killings, and gold heists. The Clerkenwell Mafia is extorting the royal vault for gold. The Clerkenwell Mafia or Adams crime family are owned by the Massimo of Roccasecca family which live in London. Prince Stefano Massimo's mother was Dawn Addams.
Richard Valentini is the street boss of the Springfield Crew and he is one of the most violent and murderous members of Cosa Nostra. The Arrivabene-Valenti-Gonzaga family own the Rochester crime family of New York which was headed up by Valenti mobsters with crime bosses Frank Valenti and Constenze Valenti. Their cousins own a large car dealership company in New England. Richard Valentini works under the Arrivabene-Valenti-Gonzaga family of Venice. Its believed the Springfield Crew is part of the Genovese crime family. The Savoys own the Genovese mafia. The Arrivabene-Valenti-Gonzaga family is currently married with the royal House of Savoy-Aosta. Prince Giberto Arrivabenne-Valenti-Gonzaga's wife is the daughter of Prince Amadeo of Savoy-Aosta.
Philip Andrew Genovese is a major pedophile living in Massachusetts and he is the grandson of Vito Genovese the founder of the Genovese crime family which works with the Springfield Crew in Massachusetts. Philip Andrew Genovese oversees Philip Gigante and Andrew Gigante of the Genovese crime family.
Andrew Gigante is a top boss of the Genovese crime family which have infiltrated Wall Street and run high end prostitution rings. Gigante means giant. The Gigantes work with the Mara family which own the NY Giants. The mafia rig sports for their bets. The Mara family are Irish white collar mobsters connected with the Jesuits and they work with the Rooney family through marriage which are white collar Irish mobsters, businessmen, and politicians that ran the Yonkers Raceway for decades. Racetracks are often mafia headquarters used for money laundering. The mafia works with owners of racetracks which allow them to claim their criminal profits like from drug trafficking were gambling wins.
Philip Gigante is a mobster and mayor in Airmonte, NY. The Savoy-Aosta family are owners of the Gigantes which have operations in New Jersey while the Savoys which live in Switzerland and are the princes of Naples and Venice are the owners of the Genovese family with the Gigantes being second in command. The Savoy-Aostas are also the Dukes of Apulia. The Apulian Mafia or Sacra Corona Unita mafia have deeply infiltrated New Jersey and work with the DeCavalcante crime family of New Jersey.
Liborio Bellomo is a high level mafia boss in the Genovese crime family. Liborio Bellomo spreads insane lies into society like a virus. Bellomo is from a Sicilian noble family and there is still a Bellomo castle in Syracuse, Sicily today. Bellomo operates out of the Bronx and oversees many African American gangs and mafias including a large gang ran by the criminal rapper Papoose out of Bedford–Stuyvesant, Brooklyn. This Bed-Stuy black mafia are major gun traffickers in New York.
Vincent Badalemeti is a ruthless and murderous boss of the Bonanno crime family. The Bonannos have an alliance with the Ceritto crime family which have moved from California to Texas. The owners of the Bonannos are the Boncompagni-Ludovisi family of Rome. Bon-compagni translates to good fellow or Goodfella which is a term for made men.
Joseph Merlino is one of the top bosses in Atlantic City and oversees Ft Lauderdale from Boca Rotan. The Merlinos were involved in building many of the casinos in Atlantic City including Trumps casinos. Donald Trump works with the Philly crime family and his Counselor Kellyanne Conway's grandfather was an associate of the Philly crime family. Merlino works with the Israeli white collar mobster and billionaire owner of the Miami Heat Micky Arison. Merlino also works with black street gangs run by the gangster rapper Cassidy who was convicted of involuntary manslaughter for what was originally a murder charge. The Gaetani family are owners of the Philly Mob and the Merlinos. Trump is friends with Prince Gaetani d’Aragona Lovatelli and his ex wife dated him for years. Lovatelli just as Philly is called the City of Brotherly Love.
Joseph Ligambi is a high level consiglieri for the Philly Mob and he works with the Jewish billionaire and owner of the Philadelphia Eagles Jeffrey Lurie who rigs games for the mafias bets. Joseph Ligambi also works with the Jewish billionaire Joshua Harris who is an owner of the Philadelphia 76's and co founder of Apollo Global Management with the Jesuit educated Knight of Malta Tony Ressler. Ligambi has similar ancestry as the Gambinos and has Philly mobsters loyal to him including George Borgesi, Joseph Massimino, and Mikey Lancelotti and all of their names refer to the Roman noble families; the Borgheses, Massimos, and Massimo-Lancellottis which are owners of the Gambinos.
John Gotti Jr. is a high level member of the modern Commission. He works with 50 Cent who runs both Bloods and Crips on the East Coast. Gotti Jr. and 50 Cent can be seen hanging out together. Gotti Jr. operates out of Long Island and manages Jewish billionaires and businessmen in New York through blackmail and extortion. The mafia uses violence to control wealth. This creates a layer of protection for the owners of the mafia which are the Black Nobility of Rome. The mafia provides children and underage sex workers to pedophiles in business and politics while taping them in the act and then use this to blackmail them. They use violence, blackmail, and extortion to control wealth. John Gotti is an extremely dangerous coward that controls other men through faggotry. Faggotry really means men raping other men to control them. Faggot derives from the word Fasces where the word Fascism also derived. Many Jewish billionaires are working with mafia including the child murdering pedophile Michael Bloomberg.
Louis Vallario is a Gambino street boss from Brooklyn working under the Gottis and he manages the Brooklyn born record producer Jimmy Iovine. Jimmy Iovine is an associate of the Gottis and Gambinos and he manages Dr. Dre and Snoop Dogg. Dr. Dre and Snoop Dogg are top bosses of the West Coast Crips and they are extremely evil. Jimmy Iovine who is worth over 900 million is close friends with Dre who is worth about 700 million. Dr. Dre and the Crips are involved in human trafficking and pedophilia cults. They use faggotry to control other men. Dr. Dre is a major faggot and pedophile. This makes him extremely insecure and dangerous.
John Gotti III is a MMA fighter working with the UFC and has infiltrated mixed martial arts industry which is used for rigging fights for bets and recruiting mafia enforcers. Gotti III is ruthless and murderous.
Dennis Pappas is a high level criminal associate of the Colombo crime family and works as a financier and law adviser for Cosa Nostra. Dennis Pappas was convicted of racketeering and tax evasion and later worked for the wealthy Venetian Cipriani family who were also investigated and fined for tax evasion assisted by Pappas. Dennis Pappas worked as a high level executive of Cipriani USA which owns restaurants and nightclubs. The Ciprianis own clubs all over the world and are originally from Venice. They are likely worth billions. They moved their company headquarters to Luxembourg where there are banking secrecy laws. During Pappas original arrest in the 90's for racketeering he claimed he worked as a spy for the FBI involving 1993 World Trade Center bombing to blackmail them into getting a plea deal.
Salvatore DeLaurentis is the boss of the Chicago Outfit which has a covert alliance with the Los Zetas drug cartel. The Chicago Outfit also covertly runs many Vegas casinos today and use them for money laundering. The Chicago Outfit specializes in controlling democratic politicians including Clinton and Obama. Obama has business connections with Tony Rezko who was convicted of wire fraud, extortion, and corrupt solicitation. Obama is also friends with Alexi Giannoulias whose bank made loans worth millions to convicted mobsters Michael Giorango and Demitri Stavropoulos. The Chicago Outfit has agents that have infiltrated the Chicago police department and the Chicago Mafia also works with various black street gangs which move drugs for them.
James Inendino is a Chicago mobster operating out of Cicero right next to Chicago. They have a headquarters at the Hawthorne Race Course in Cicero owned by the Carey family. Hawthorne was involved in the 70's in gambling rings and an arson to cover it up.
Peter DiFronzo is a Chicago mobster and brother of the recently deceased mafia boss John DiFronzo. John DiFronzo owned car dealerships which the mafia use for moving stolen vehicles which they use to transport drugs and for human trafficking. They use dealer plates to move around these stolen vehicles. The Chicago Outfit is covertly involved in pedophilia rings and child trafficking and they blackmail politicians and businessmen that are propped up with videos of them molesting children.
The Fertitta family with Frank Fertitta III, Lorenzo Fertitta, Tilman Fertitta are billionaires and members of the Galveston crime family and run the UFC. The Fertittas married with the Maceo crime family of Galveston, Texas. The Ferttitas operate in Nevada and Texas. The Fertittas also own Station Casinos which operates in Vegas. They use casinos for money laundering. Casinos are rigged. Dan Caldwell is an Irish mobster and owner of Tapout. Caldwell works with the Fertittas and Irish Mafia and he is extremely evil. Dan Caldwell is a psycho. Tillman Fertitta is the owner of the Houston Rockets and manages James Harden who is a ruthless satanic psychopath and mafia associate that defends the Fertittas. James Harden is a horrible person.
Vincent Civella is a high level made man in the Kansas City crime family which have operations in Missouri, Texas, and Nevada. The Sansone family are members of the Kansas City crime family with Michael Sansone and Anthony Sansone as made men and they have white collar mafia relatives running a large real estate company in Missouri. The mafia infiltrates everything including real estate. They have rackets in nearly every industry.
Vincenzo Isoldi is a Camorra mobster in Pittsburgh and associate of the Pittsburgh crime family. The Pittsburgh crime family runs the Jewish billionaire Mark Cuban who owns the Dallas Mavericks. Mark Cuban was originally from Pittsburgh and he is involved in rigging games for the mafias bets. The Borghese, Torlonia, and Rocco di Torrepadula families are owners of the mafia in Pittsburgh sometimes called the LaRocca crime family and the Torlonias also own the Kansas City crime family which have criminal operations in Dallas. The Torlonias are a continuation of the ancient Conti di Segni family and Gregorio Conti founded the Pittsburgh crime family. The Torlonias are the Princes of Civitella Cesi. The Civella family were founding members of the Kansas City crime family. Civitella and Civella both mean owl. The Hunt family own the Kansas City Chiefs and are also connected with Dallas. The Chiefs CEO and President Clark Hunt was born in Dallas.
Victoria Gotti is a female member of Cosa Nostra. Female members of the mafia are directly involved with pedophilia, child trafficking, and murdering children. Victoria Gotti is really evil and ruthless.
Carmine Agnello is a Gambino-Gotti associate and made man in the Cleveland crime family. Agnello and the Cleveland mafia infiltrate blue collar industries. Carmine Agnello is extremely evil. The Gaetanis are part owners of the Gottis. The Gaetanis are married with the billionaire Agnelli-Elkann family with Ginevra Elkann the granddaughter of Gianni Agnelli married to Prince Giovanni Gaetani dell'Aquila d'Aragona.
Frank Agnello-Gotti is a high level made men in the Gambino crime family and they also manage the Albanian Mafia with his brothers Carmine and John.
Carmine Agnello-Gotti is a high level mobster. The Gottis are considered royalty among the Italian Mafia.
John Agnello-Gotti is likely the head of the Gotti-Agnellos. John Agnello-Gotti is a murderous thug.
John Alite is a high level Albanian mobster and Gambino made man and hitman. Alite works with the Gottis and Gambinos and oversees factions of the Albanian Mafia. The Jewish-Albanian rapper named Action Bronson is a covert Albanian mafia boss and oversees a US faction of the Hellbanianz which are headquartered in London. The Hellbanianz oversee the Albanian Boys which are a national crime organization.
Chris Colombo runs prostitution rings, pedophilia rings, and specializes in blackmail. The Colombos also have a monopoly on cocaine trafficking. A man named Vincent Martello works with the Colombos in the Greenwich and Long Island area. He runs an intelligence network for Cosa Nostra. He also makes threats on behalf of the mafia and is involved in trafficking children in the trunks of vehicles that he sells. The Colombos are an extremely evil and active crime family in New York City and they work closely with Jewish white collar mobsters which specialize in embezzlement, criminal financing, and infiltration.
Raymond Patriarca Jr. is a hidden boss of the New England crime family which have operations in Boston, Providence, and New Haven. They are involved in human trafficking, extortion, and blackmail. They are an extremely violent and oppressive mafia and they are allied with Jewish white collar mobsters, Irish Mafias in Boston including the Winter Hill Gang and the Puerto Rican Mafia in Boston headed up by the criminal Puerto Rican rapper Termanology or Daniel Carrillo who lives outside of Boston. The New England crime family work closely with the Romney family and with Bain Capital and Bain & Company through Stephen Pagliuca a co-founder of Bain Capital and owner of the Boston Celtics. Romney's Bain Capital was originally financed by offshore accounts from Latin American businessmen including associates of the Puerto Rican Mafia. Raymond Patriarca Jr. is Italian-Irish and has a Jewish wife.
Carmen Dinunzio is a top boss of the New England crime family and its Boston faction. Carmen Dinunzio works with the Jewish-Zionist billionaire Robert Kraft the owner of the New England Patriots. Tom Brady is a criminal agent of Kraft and he is involved in cheating and fixing games for the mafia's bets. Tom Brady also works with motorcycle gangs including the Iron Horseman and Hells Angels which traffic meth and also adrenochrome which Tom Brady consumes. The Patriots are known for fixing games with spying and deflating footballs during a game because they practiced with deflated balls giving them an advantage. Robert Kraft has donated large amounts of money to the Jesuit colleges Boston College and College of the Holy Cross. The primary owners of the New England crime family are the Bourbon-Two Sicilies family and their ancestors officially established the Jesuits.
Frank Colacurcio Jr. runs the sex trafficking industry including trafficking of children in the North West part of the US including in northern California, Oregon, Washington, and Alaska. The Coacurcios own a lot of strip clubs in Seattle used as fronts for brothels. The Seattle crime family works with Aryan Brotherhood gangs, Nazis, and Yakuza. There is a large scale human trafficking network from Asia to the West Coast with members of the mercenary company United Resources Group involved. Yakuza and Triads have also infiltrated the ports on the West Coast. The Palin family in Alaska are heavily involved in human trafficking. The Seattle crime family also works with Bill Gates and Jeff Bezos who finance and participate in human trafficking. They use their collective hundreds of billions to bribe police and government agents.
Vincent Loscalzo is a top member of the Trafficante crime family of Florida. The Trafficantes work with the Cuban Mafia and are involved with cocaine trafficking with the Cuban Jesuit Fanjul family of sugar manufacturers. They conceal cocaine as sugar. The Trafficantes work with the CIA and have operations and casinos in Cuba. Cuba is a hide out for mobsters. The CIA also fakes deaths of high profile criminals which hide out in Cuba like the ruthless mobster and rapper Lesane Parish Crooks. The Trafficantes also work with the New Orleans crime family which are major human traffickers and specialize in murder and disposing of bodies. The New Orleans crime family has an alliance with the Gulf Cartel.
Chris Paciello is a former mafia hitman and currently a night club owner in Miami, Florida. Paciello is still a member of Cosa Nostra and works covertly with the Trafficantes. He also manages the criminal rapper Rick Ross who took his name from the drug trafficker Freeway Ricky Ross. Trina is a female member of the African American mafia in Miami and is involved in child trafficking and child murder. The rapper Rick Ross can be seen hanging out with Chris Paciello on numerous occasions at Paciello's Miami clubs.
Joseph Caridi is a high level member of the Lucchese crime family which have a monopoly on the heroin market. The Luccheses own a funeral home called Joseph A Lucchese Funeral Home with a crematorium in the Bronx which they use for disposing of bodies. Joseph Lucchese is a member of the Lucchese crime family and he disposes of bodies in his crematorium and also murders people by burning them alive. The Luccheses are probably the most murderous mafia on the planet. They work with the Corsican Mafia which are headquartered in Baltimore. They import opium and heroin mostly through the ports on the East Coast and Thomas Gambino-Lucchese Jr. also traffics in heroin through Mexico.
Joseph Lubrano is a high level Lucchese mobster headquartered in Yonkers and he oversees rappers from Wu-Tang, Yonkers based D-Block, and the Harlem based Diplomats which are running the modern day Drug Council which is the head of the African American Mafia in the United States. D-Block which are from Yonkers are the head of the modern day Council. Confirmed members of the Drug Council include Jadakiss, Sheek Louch, Styles P, Ghostface Killah, and Jim Jones with his associate Hell Rell. The Yonkers based gangster rap group D-Block are the head of the modern Council and they work with Jay Z. They recently signed to Jay Z's record label.
Semion Mogilevich is a Jewish-Russian mafia boss headquartered in Budapest, Hungary. Mogilvech's mafia runs some Israeli Mafias and has a portion of authority over the IDF through former IDF Chief Benny Gantz whose family was from Hungary. Mogilvech has owned a military arms manufacturing plant and this mafia also specializes in making snuff films. The Austrian House of Esterhazy and Lucchesi-Palli family are owners of the Mogilevich Mafia.
Alimzhan Tokhtakhunov is a Russian Mafia boss with operations in Monte Carlo, Monaco. Tokhtakhunov is an associate of the Corleonisi mafia clan of Sicily which also have operations in Monte Carlo where they launder their criminal profits through casinos. The royal family of Monaco the Grimaldis previously ruled in Genoa which ruled in the Black Sea region and they had relationships with the Romanovs and Khazarian nobles. Putin is a close friend with Prince Albert II of Monaco. Tokhtakhunov has admitted to meeting Putin.
Kwok Wing-hung is a Chinese Triad boss. The Triads have operations on the West Coast in the US and have infiltrated the ports. They are involved with human trafficking of Asian women and children. They are also involved in thefts, protection rackets, and manufacturing and selling knock offs of high end goods. Prince Francesco Luca Costa Sanseverino di Bisignano is from a Sicilian noble family and he was born in and resides in Hong Kong overseeing the Triads. Most mafias are managed by Cosa Nostra and pay them tributes. Cosa Nostra means "Our Thing" which refers to the Italian criminal's monopolization of organized crime.
submitted by AhuwahZeus to CasualNewWorldOrder [link] [comments]


2019.01.30 06:02 AhuwahZeus Mafia Commission

Mafias are owned by the Black Nobility of Rome and some other royals and nobles.
Thomas Gambino Sr. runs a Medical charity racket in NY and resides in Florida as one of the top members of the modern Commission. Thomas Sr.'s wife is Frances Lucchese. They oversee the Luccheses and factions of the Gambinos. The Lucchesi-Palli family are a nobility of Sicily, Tuscany, and Austria and they own the Lucchese crime family. The Russian Mafia in Brighton Beach, New York pay tributes to the Lucchese crime family. The Russian Mafia has held meetings in Austria where the Lucchesi-Palli are nobles.
Carlo Gambino "Lucchese" is the grandson of the founder of the Gambinos through his father and grandson of the founder of the Luccheses through his mother. The Luccheses have an alliance with the Russian Mafia. The Russian Mafia have operations in Florida and California and the Gambinos live in New York, Florida, and California.
Thomas Gambino "Lucchese" Jr. owns an international warehouse and distribution company called Dynamic Worldwide with operations in China and other parts of Asia as well as in Texas next to the Mexican border. Thomas Jr. is headquartered out of Florida.
Frank Cali is the top boss in California and Los Angeles and has high authority within the Gambino crime family. Frank Cali covertly works with the Israeli-American businessmen Lyor Cohen who works with criminal rappers like Jay Z, Kanye West, DMX, and Method Man. Lyor Cohen is married to the deputy chairman of Christie's Asia Xin Li. The Massimo family of Rome own the Gambinos and Prince Tancredi Massimo works at Christies.
Rosario Gambino is Frank Calis uncle and adviser with close connections to Rome. The Gambinos are owned by the Massimo family with Prince Fabrizio Massimo-Brancaccio who is like the godfather of organized crime. The Massimos received tributes from most mafias and cartels around the world.
Massimo Carminati who was imprisoned in 2017 was the head of the Nuclei Armati Rivoluzionari (NAR) a Neo-Fascist paramilitary group that still covertly exists and works with the Magliana Mafia of Rome. The NAR is involved in weapons trafficking, assassinations, and contract killings and they are owned by the Massimo family. Massimo Carminati was nicknamed the "Last King of Rome"
Leonardo Rizzuto is the head of the Montreal crime family which includes the Rizzutos and Cuntrera Caruana mafia. They have a business alliance with Venezuelan drug cartels and the Sinaloa Cartel. The Rizzutos have residences in Venezuela and meet with the Sinaloa Cartel on the Island of Margarita and properties owned by the Rizzuto crime family's owners the Ruspoli noble family of Rome.
Jack Giacalone runs the Detroit Mafia and the International Brotherhood of Teamsters in the US through James Hoffa the son of Jimmy Hoffa who was disappeared by the Giacalones. The Detroit Mafia runs rackets on the US automotive industry. Giacalone also works with the Jewish billionaire and crook Daniel Gilbert who owns casinos in Detroit, Cleveland, and also owns the Cleveland Cavaliers. Dan Gilbert renamed his casino company Jack Entertainment to honor Jack Giacalone. The Detroit Mafia is owned by the Odescalchi family of Rome.
Russell Papalardo is a top boss of the Cleveland crime family which works closely with the Detroit Mafia. The Licavole family have been top members of the Cleveland crime family. Their relative named Jimmy Laccavole is one of the most insane and relentless gang stalkers and paid slanderers in my region. He is a small little zealous psychopath that specializes in poisoning people and brainwashing them with insane lies. The Orsini family are owners of the Cleveland crime family and they are merged with the German Rosenberg family which own some Jewish mafias with the Def Jam CEO Paul Rosenberg as a member of the Jewish Mafia.
Meyer Lansky III runs territories in Vegas today and is a top member of the Jewish-Polish Mafia and associate of the Chicago Outfit. His grandfather Meyer Lansky was a Polish-Jew. Lansky III works with Tamares Group which is a casino company in Vegas owned by the Zabludowicz family which are Polish-Israeli Jews with Poju Zabludowicz. The Colonna family are owners of the Chicago Outfit and use the Roselli del Turco and Capponi noble families of Florence to mange them. Al Capone and John Rosseli were Chicago mobsters and related to these noble families. The Colonna family of Rome also have a Polish branch called the Colonna-Walewski family. Meyer Lanski was a Polish Jew.
Simone Rizzo DeCavalcate Jr. oversees the New Jersey crime family from Florida and he works with Wu-Tang rapper RZA or Robert Fitzgerald Diggs who lives in NJ and runs AVLN gangs, 5 Percenter Islamic Gang Stalkers, and other street gangs involved in drug trafficking of marijuana, PCP, crack-cocaine, and heroin. Wu-Tang also works with the Gambinos, Westies, and the Triads.
John Bokun is a high level and extremely dangerous Irish gangster that runs the Irish Westies in Hells Kitchen. John Bokun has a monopoly on marijuana both in the streets and in the medical industry. He extorts the medical marijuana industry and street sale of marijuana in the US. The Westies are allied with the Gambinos and Gottis. John Bokun is an extremely evil murderous psychopath that needs to be executed immediately.
Jay O'Connor is an Irish Mafia boss from Dublin. The Irish Mafia are extremely violent and involved in drug trafficking, gun trafficking, murder, extortion, thefts, robberies, and business rackets. The Irish Mafia often operate out of boxing clubs, bars, and racetracks.
Gerry Hutch is an Irish Mafia boss that runs rackets in the boxing industry and has been involved in robberies. Hutch has worked with the boxer Mike Tyson and has run boxing rings in Ireland. Conor McGregor is an associate of the Irish Mafia in Dublin and is a boxer and MMA fighter. The mafia rig fights for their bets. Bookies will collect bets and then the mafia decides who wins based on which is most profitable for them. Conor McGregor is an Irish mobster.
Terry Adams is an English gangster in Clerkenwell, London. The Adams crime family are involved in extortion, drug trafficking, human trafficking, sex trafficking of minors, blackmail, contract killings, and gold heists. The Clerkenwell Mafia is extorting the royal vault for gold. The Clerkenwell Mafia or Adams crime family are owned by the Massimo of Roccasecca family which live in London. Prince Stefano Massimo's mother was Dawn Addams.
Richard Valentini is the street boss of the Springfield Crew and he is one of the most violent and murderous members of Cosa Nostra. The Arrivabene-Valenti-Gonzaga family own the Rochester crime family of New York which was headed up by Valenti mobsters with crime bosses Frank Valenti and Constenze Valenti. Their cousins own a large car dealership company in New England. Richard Valentini works under the Arrivabene-Valenti-Gonzaga family of Venice. Its believed the Springfield Crew is part of the Genovese crime family. The Savoys own the Genovese mafia. The Arrivabene-Valenti-Gonzaga family is currently married with the royal House of Savoy-Aosta. Prince Giberto Arrivabenne-Valenti-Gonzaga's wife is the daughter of Prince Amadeo of Savoy-Aosta.
Philip Andrew Genovese is a major pedophile living in Massachusetts and he is the grandson of Vito Genovese the founder of the Genovese crime family which works with the Springfield Crew in Massachusetts. Philip Andrew Genovese oversees Philip Gigante and Andrew Gigante of the Genovese crime family.
Andrew Gigante is a top boss of the Genovese crime family which have infiltrated Wall Street and run high end prostitution rings. Gigante means giant. The Gigantes work with the Mara family which own the NY Giants. The mafia rig sports for their bets. The Mara family are Irish white collar mobsters connected with the Jesuits and they work with the Rooney family through marriage which are white collar Irish mobsters, businessmen, and politicians that ran the Yonkers Raceway for decades. Racetracks are often mafia headquarters used for money laundering. The mafia works with owners of racetracks which allow them to claim their criminal profits like from drug trafficking were gambling wins.
Philip Gigante is a mobster and mayor in Airmonte, NY. The Savoy-Aosta family are owners of the Gigantes which have operations in New Jersey while the Savoys which live in Switzerland and are the princes of Naples and Venice are the owners of the Genovese family with the Gigantes being second in command. The Savoy-Aostas are also the Dukes of Apulia. The Apulian Mafia or Sacra Corona Unita mafia have deeply infiltrated New Jersey and work with the DeCavalcante crime family of New Jersey.
Liborio Bellomo is a high level mafia boss in the Genovese crime family. Liborio Bellomo spreads insane lies into society like a virus. Bellomo is from a Sicilian noble family and there is still a Bellomo castle in Syracuse, Sicily today. Bellomo operates out of the Bronx and oversees many African American gangs and mafias including a large gang ran by the criminal rapper Papoose out of Bedford–Stuyvesant, Brooklyn. This Bed-Stuy black mafia are major gun traffickers in New York.
Vincent Badalemeti is a ruthless and murderous boss of the Bonanno crime family. The Bonannos have an alliance with the Ceritto crime family which have moved from California to Texas. The owners of the Bonannos are the Boncompagni-Ludovisi family of Rome. Bon-compagni translates to good fellow or Goodfella which is a term for made men.
Joseph Merlino is one of the top bosses in Atlantic City and oversees Ft Lauderdale from Boca Rotan. The Merlinos were involved in building many of the casinos in Atlantic City including Trumps casinos. Donald Trump works with the Philly crime family and his Counselor Kellyanne Conway's grandfather was an associate of the Philly crime family. Merlino works with the Israeli white collar mobster and billionaire owner of the Miami Heat Micky Arison. Merlino also works with black street gangs run by the gangster rapper Cassidy who was convicted of involuntary manslaughter for what was originally a murder charge. The Gaetani family are owners of the Philly Mob and the Merlinos. Trump is friends with Prince Gaetani d’Aragona Lovatelli and his ex wife dated him for years. Lovatelli just as Philly is called the City of Brotherly Love.
Joseph Ligambi is a high level consiglieri for the Philly Mob and he works with the Jewish billionaire and owner of the Philadelphia Eagles Jeffrey Lurie who rigs games for the mafias bets. Joseph Ligambi also works with the Jewish billionaire Joshua Harris who is an owner of the Philadelphia 76's and co founder of Apollo Global Management with the Jesuit educated Knight of Malta Tony Ressler. Ligambi has similar ancestry as the Gambinos and has Philly mobsters loyal to him including George Borgesi, Joseph Massimino, and Mikey Lancelotti and all of their names refer to the Roman noble families; the Borgheses, Massimos, and Massimo-Lancellottis which are owners of the Gambinos.
John Gotti Jr. is a high level member of the modern Commission. He works with 50 Cent who runs both Bloods and Crips on the East Coast. Gotti Jr. and 50 Cent can be seen hanging out together. Gotti Jr. operates out of Long Island and manages Jewish billionaires and businessmen in New York through blackmail and extortion. The mafia uses violence to control wealth. This creates a layer of protection. The mafia provides children and underage sex workers to pedophiles in business and politics while taping them in the act and then use this to blackmail them. They use violence to control wealth. John Gotti is an extremely dangerous coward that controls other men through faggotry. Many Jewish billionaires are working with mafia including the child murdering pedophile Michael Bloomberg.
Louis Vallario is a Gambino street boss from Brooklyn working under the Gottis and he manages the Brooklyn born record producer Jimmy Iovine. Jimmy Iovine is an associate of the Gottis and Gambinos and he manages Dr. Dre and Snoop Dogg. Dr. Dre and Snoop Dogg are top bosses of the West Coast Crips and they are extremely evil. Jimmy Iovine who is worth over 900 million is close friends with Dre who is worth about 700 million. Dr. Dre and the Crips are involved in human trafficking and pedophilia cults. They use faggotry to control other men. Dr. Dre is a major faggot and pedophile. This makes him extremely insecure and dangerous.
John Gotti III is a MMA fighter working with the UFC and has infiltrated mixed martial arts industry which is used for rigging fights for bets and recruiting mafia enforcers. Gotti III is ruthless and murderous.
The Fertitta family with Frank Fertitta III, Lorenzo Fertitta, Tilman Fertitta are billionaires and members of the Galveston crime family and run the UFC. The Fertittas married with the Maceo crime family of Galveston, Texas. The Ferttitas operate in Nevada and Texas. The Fertittas also own Station Casinos which operates in Vegas. They use casinos for money laundering. Casinos are rigged. Dan Caldwell is an Irish mobster and owner of Tapout. Caldwell works with the Fertittas and Irish Mafia and he is extremely evil. Dan Caldwell is a psycho. Tillman Fertitta is the owner of the Houston Rockets and manages James Harden who is a ruthless satanic psychopath and mafia associate that defends the Fertittas. James Harden is a horrible person.
Vincent Civella is a high level made man in the Kansas City crime family which have operations in Missouri, Texas, and Nevada. The Sansone family are members of the Kansas City crime family with Michael Sansone and Anthony Sansone as made men and they have white collar mafia relatives running a large real estate company in Missouri. The mafia infiltrates everything including real estate. They have rackets in nearly every industry.
Vincenzo Isoldi is a Camorra mobster in Pittsburgh and associate of the Pittsburgh crime family. The Pittsburgh crime family runs the Jewish billionaire Mark Cuban who owns the Dallas Mavericks. Mark Cuban was originally from Pittsburgh and he is involved in rigging games for the mafias bets. The Borghese, Torlonia, and Rocco di Torrepadula families are owners of the mafia in Pittsburgh sometimes called the LaRocca crime family and the Torlonias also own the Kansas City crime family which have criminal operations in Dallas. The Torlonias are a continuation of the ancient Conti di Segni family and Gregorio Conti founded the Pittsburgh crime family. The Torlonias are the Princes of Civitella Cesi. The Civella family were founding members of the Kansas City crime family. Civitella and Civella both mean owl. The Hunt family own the Kansas City Chiefs and are also connected with Dallas. The Chiefs CEO and President Clark Hunt was born in Dallas.
Victoria Gotti is a female member of Cosa Nostra. Female members of the mafia are directly involved with pedophilia, child trafficking, and murdering children. Victoria Gotti is really evil and ruthless.
Carmine Agnello is a Gambino-Gotti associate and made man in the Cleveland crime family. Agnello and the Cleveland mafia infiltrate blue collar industries. Carmine Agnello is extremely evil. The Gaetanis are part owners of the Gottis. The Gaetanis are married with the billionaire Agnelli-Elkann family with Ginevra Elkann the granddaughter of Gianni Agnelli married to Prince Giovanni Gaetani dell'Aquila d'Aragona.
Frank Agnello-Gotti is a high level made men in the Gambino crime family and they also manage the Albanian Mafia with his brothers Carmine and John.
Carmine Agnello-Gotti is a high level mobster. The Gottis are considered royalty among the Italian Mafia.
John Agnello-Gotti is likely the head of the Gotti-Agnellos. John Agnello-Gotti is a murderous thug.
John Alite is a high level Albanian mobster and Gambino made man and hitman. Alite works with the Gottis and Gambinos and oversees factions of the Albanian Mafia. The Jewish-Albanian rapper named Action Bronson is a covert Albanian mafia boss and oversees a US faction of the Hellbanianz which are headquartered in London. The Hellbanianz oversee the Albanian Boys which are a national crime organization.
Chris Colombo runs prostitution rings, pedophilia rings, and specializes in blackmail. The Colombos also have a monopoly on cocaine trafficking. A man named Vincent Martello works with the Colombos in the Greenwich and Long Island area. He runs an intelligence network for Cosa Nostra. He also makes threats on behalf of the mafia and is involved in trafficking children in the trunks of vehicles that he sells. The Colombos are an extremely evil and active crime family in New York City and they work closely with Jewish white collar mobsters which specialize in embezzlement, criminal financing, and infiltration.
Raymond Patriarca Jr. is a hidden boss of the New England crime family which have operations in Boston, Providence, and New Haven. They are involved in human trafficking, extortion, and blackmail. They are an extremely violent and oppressive mafia and they are allied with Jewish white collar mobsters, Irish Mafias in Boston including the Winter Hill Gang and the Puerto Rican Mafia in Boston headed up by the criminal Puerto Rican rapper Termanology or Daniel Carrillo who lives outside of Boston. The New England crime family work closely with the Romney family and with Bain Capital and Bain & Company through Stephen Pagliuca a co-founder of Bain Capital and owner of the Boston Celtics. Romney's Bain Capital was originally financed by offshore accounts from Latin American businessmen including associates of the Puerto Rican Mafia. Raymond Patriarca Jr. is Italian-Irish and has a Jewish wife.
Carmen Dinunzio is a top boss of the New England crime family and its Boston faction. Carmen Dinunzio works with the Jewish-Zionist billionaire Robert Kraft the owner of the New England Patriots. Tom Brady is a criminal agent of Kraft and he is involved in cheating and fixing games for the mafia's bets. Tom Brady also works with motorcycle gangs including the Iron Horseman which traffic meth and also adrenochrome which Tom Brady consumes. The Patriots are known for fixing games with spying and deflating footballs during a game because they practiced with deflated balls giving them an advantage. Robert Kraft has donated large amounts of money to the Jesuit colleges Boston College and College of the Holy Cross. The primary owners of the New England crime family are the Bourbon-Two Sicilies family and their ancestors officially established the Jesuits.
Frank Colacurcio Jr. runs the sex trafficking industry including trafficking of children in the North West part of the US including in northern California, Oregon, Washington, and Alaska. The Coacurcios own a lot of strip clubs in Seattle used as fronts for brothels. The Seattle crime family works with Aryan Brotherhood gangs, Nazis, and Yakuza. There is a large scale human trafficking network from Asia to the West Coast with members of the mercenary company United Resources Group involved. Yakuza and Triads have also infiltrated the ports on the West Coast. The Palin family in Alaska are heavily involved in human trafficking. The Seattle crime family also works with Bill Gates and Jeff Bezos who finance and participate in human trafficking. They use their collective hundreds of billions to bribe police and government agents.
Vincent Loscalzo is a top member of the Trafficante crime family of Florida. The Trafficantes work with the Cuban Mafia and are involved with cocaine trafficking with the Cuban Jesuit Fanjul family of sugar manufacturers. They conceal cocaine as sugar. The Trafficantes work with the CIA and have operations and casinos in Cuba. Cuba is a hide out for mobsters. The CIA also fakes deaths of high profile criminals which hide out in Cuba like the ruthless mobster and rapper Lesane Parish Crooks. The Trafficantes also work with the New Orleans crime family which are major human traffickers and specialize in murder and disposing of bodies. The New Orleans crime family has an alliance with the Gulf Cartel.
Chris Paciello is a former mafia hitman and currently a night club owner in Miami, Florida. Paciello is still a member of Cosa Nostra and works covertly with the Trafficantes. He also manages the criminal rapper Rick Ross who took his name from the drug trafficker Freeway Ricky Ross. Trina is a female member of the African American mafia in Miami and is involved in child trafficking and child murder. The rapper Rick Ross can be seen hanging out with Chris Paciello on numerous occasions at Paciello's Miami clubs.
Joseph Caridi is a high level member of the Lucchese crime family which have a monopoly on the heroin market. They own a funeral home called Joseph A Lucchese Funeral Home with a crematorium in the Bronx which they use for disposing of bodies. The Luccheses are probably the most murderous mafia on the planet. They work with the Corsican Mafia which are headquartered in Baltimore. They import opium and heroin mostly through the ports on the East Coast and Thomas Gambino-Lucchese Jr. also traffics in heroin through Mexico.
Joseph Lubrano is a high level Lucchese mobster headquartered in Yonkers and he oversees rappers from Wu-Tang, Yonkers based D-Block, and the Harlem based Diplomats which are running the modern day Drug Council which is the head of the African American Mafia in the United States. Confirmed members of the modern Council include Jadakiss, Sheek Louch, Styles P, Ghostface Killah, and Jim Jones with his associate Hell Rell. The Yonkers based gangster rap group D-Block are the head of the modern Council and they work with Jay Z.
Semion Mogilevich is a Jewish-Russian mafia boss headquartered in Budapest, Hungary. Mogilvech's mafia runs some Israeli Mafias and has a portion of authority over the IDF through former IDF Chief Benny Gantz whose family was from Hungary. Mogilvech has owned a military arms manufacturing plant and this mafia also specializes in making snuff films. The Austrian House of Esterhazy and Lucchesi-Palli family are owners of the Mogilevich Mafia.
Alimzhan Tokhtakhunov is a Russian Mafia boss with operations in Monte Carlo, Monaco. Tokhtakhunov is an associate of the Corleonisi mafia clan of Sicily which also have operations in Monte Carlo where they launder their criminal profits through casinos. The royal family of Monaco the Grimaldis previously ruled in Genoa which ruled in the Black Sea region and they had relationships with the Romanovs and Khazarian nobles. Putin is a close friend with Prince Albert II of Monaco. Tokhtakhunov has admitted to meeting Putin.
Kwok Wing-hung is a Chinese Triad boss. The Triads have operations on the West Coast in the US and have infiltrated the ports. They are involved with human trafficking of Asian women and children. They are also involved in thefts, protection rackets, and manufacturing and selling knock offs of high end goods. Prince Francesco Luca Costa Sanseverino di Bisignano is from a Sicilian noble family and he was born in and resides in Hong Kong overseeing the Triads. Most mafias are managed by Cosa Nostra and pay them tributes. Cosa Nostra means "Our Thing" which refers to the Italian criminal's monopolization of organized crime.
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2018.09.28 18:00 IndyBot [1996 season rewatch - Week 1] Indy 200 at Walt Disney World (IRL, Round 1)

From Motorsport Magazine, January 1996:
Postcard from America: Leagues apart? - The great American divide continues. Who holds the upper hand
The Indy Racing League opened its new Walt Disney World Speedway last month and, in early December, released an entry list for the inaugural IRL race at Disney World.
Although the innovative new facility's track was positively received, the entry failed to meet even the most mediocre of expectations. The list featured a whopping 41 cars, but there were just 18 drivers named and, of those, a mere handful have IndyCar experience.
And, in stark contrast to the IRL's stated purpose of making IndyCar racing accessible to drivers schooled in oval track racing, only Davey Hamilton and Johnnie Parsons cut their teeth on America's bull rings. The rest -- including Arie Luyendyk, Roberto Guerrero, Eddie Cheever, Scott Brayton, Eliseo Salazar and Michele Alboreto -- are either IndyCar or Formula One drivers in the twilight of their careers, career also-rans or worse.
Only 1995 Toyota Atlantic champion Richie Hearn, perennial Indy Lights midfielder Buzz Calkins and IMSA sedan champion Johnny O'Connell remotely qualify as young lions. Others, like 5I-year-old Bill Tempero and 55-year-old Jim Buick are, to put it kindly, career journeymen; Rick De Lorto is a laughing stock and Tony Turco is a complete unknown.
Who will pay to see these men race? The Walt Disney World 200 is already a sell-out, with the majority of the seats taken by fans packaging a winter getaway to the Magic Kingdom around an IndyCar race billed as featuring "the stars and cars of the Indy 500." Just what the paying customers will think when they see Messrs De Lorto, Turco, Tempero and Buick instead of Al Unser Jnr, Michael Andretti, Bobby Rahal, Emerson Fittipaldi, Paul Tracy and Robby Gordon remains to be seen.
Ironically, critics of the PPG IndyCar World Series have castigated IndyCar racing's street circuit events for appealing to 'casual' race fans...
Nevertheless, the news is not all bad from the IRL side of the fence. For example, Valvoline recently announced it has signed on as the IRL's official lubricant and fuel. Valvoline, of course, has made a significant investment in the Indianapolis Motor Speedway and the Indy 500 itself over the years, and knows well that the value of the world's largest single-day sporting event is not likely to vanish in a Sunday afternoon. What's more, the oil giant is convinced that George has the stomach for a pitched battle with IndyCar, and that his concept of staging races on permanent tracks with a temporary infrastructure, a la Disney World, has broader applications.
Firestone and Goodyear will service IRL teams; SIP, Raybestos, AC Delco, Bosch and Champion have signed on; and Pennzoil will almost certainly have an IRL presence as well
Miller Brewing, on the other hand, isn't buying the IRL. Baulking at being strong-armed into expanding its sponsorship of the Indy 500 pit stop contest to the entire IRL series, Miller bowed out of its involvement with Indianapolis altogether and will focus on its long-term association with Bob Rahal. Speaking of Rahal, Shell Oil substantially increased its sponsorship Team Rahal for 1996, with virtually chance of participating in the Indianapol 500 or the IRL. That shows that not all companies think the sun rises and sets at 16th and Georgetown.
Although the 'defection' of Valvoline and some automotive products sponsors to the IRL represents a chink in the IndyCar solidarity of last summer, it was inevitable. Despite the team owners' united front, the fact of the matter has always been that individual sponsors would choose to support the IRL, IndyCar or both based on their business plans, not their emotions.
Similarly, in motor racing's version of "the customer is always right," a team owner like Derrick Walker has little choice but to co-operate with his sponsor. That, or seek a settlement based on not attending the Indianapolis 500 and have that sponsor begin cultivating a relationship with a rival willing to go to the Brickyard and compete in the IRL. So Walker will make a business decision and enter the Indy 500, while readily conceding he is no subscriber to the IRL doctrine. Other team owners, Rick Galles for one, will likely follow in his footsteps.
On the other hand, with IndyCar's growing popularity at home and abroad, not all sponsors need the Indianapolis 500 like Valvoline and SIP. The beer and tobacco companies can't go near Disney World for fear of waving a red flag in front of the anti-beer and anti-tobacco forces. And while KMart, Target, LCI and the rest surely benefit from the publicity attendant to the Indianapolis 500, they derive even greater benefits from the 15 races on the PPG IndyCar World Series schedule.
"Indy is still the most important event in IndyCar racing by a long shot," notes one major sponsor. "But the days when Indianapolis represented 80 per cent of the value of the series are gone. Today, Indy is more like 20 or 30 per cent of the value of an IndyCar sponsorship, and the remaining value comes from the other races."
Nor are those values static. Despite the Speedway's claims that, "The Indianapolis 500 makes the stars; the stars don't make the Indianapolis 500," lndy's value will diminish to every sponsor if the race is tainted due to the seeded qualifying or by a succession of no-name winners. Who's won the Indianapolis 500? Michael Andretti or Arie Luyendyk? Who's the bigger star?
On the other hand, if Tony George sticks it out through the IRL's inaugural season and pushes ahead into 1997, adding some more dates at Disney Speedway clones at other theme parks, the value of the Indy 500 and IRL together could grow.
After a year and a half of utterly inept decisions, the IRL has begun to establish some credibility as an organisation. Bringing Cary Agajanian on board was a plus. Unlike Jack Long or 'Scarey' Jerry Hauer, Agajanian has real world experience in the successful administration and promotion of racing series and race tracks. But can he create an infrastructure that does not rely on the usual suspects from USAC, who are such an anathema to IndyCar mechanics, engineers, designers and drivers?
Like 'em or not, the Indy 500 qualifying format and the IRL points system are ingenious insofar as they encourage series participation. The widely discussed four-litre engine rules might be attractive to some engine manufacturers although, if rumours are true that the specs are suspiciously close to the WSC Oldsmobile engine, it would appear to be a stacked deck. As for holding the Disney World 200 on the day before the Super Bowl, only time will tell if it's the shrewdest or the lamest marketing move in sports history.
On the other hand, in Andrew Craig, IndyCar has a savvy sports marketer, fully at ease wooing and working with international giants like VISA, Coca-Cola and Kodak (another rumoured casualty at the Speedway). He will need all that savvy in finding a sponsor to back an Indy 500-less series, if PPG decides to pull out of IndyCar racing altogether at the end of 1996. Though Craig has not attracted much in the way of new corporate sponsorship over his first three seasons, consider how much of his time has been wasted trying to keep the sport from going Humpty Dumpty.
IndyCar also has a Roger Penske more fully behind the organisation than at any point since the original CART/USAC war. In the intervening years Penske was rarely out front on the issues; recall that although he was fiercely (albeit privately) anti-Bill Stokkan, he sided with Stokkan in Houston in 1991 once it became clear which way the wind was blowing.
But this time, Penske is the driving force behind the IndyCar Memorial Day race; there is no way IndyCar can hold a race at Michigan International Speedway on Memorial Day without his full support. That, more than anything, should give the IRL cause to reflect. Is there any doubt IndyCar's Memorial Day 500 will move to Fontana the moment Penske's California Speedway is up and running? Or that, in the IRL/IndyCar meltdown, Penske sees the opportunity to establish the re-born California 500 as America's premier single-seater racing event?
In short, if Tony George is willing to stick to his guns, an IRL grounded in the Indianapolis 500 and expanding to new theme parks can make a go of it; so too can an IndyCar with a California 500 and increasing support from international sponsors with no investment in the Indy 500. The tragedy is that, while both the IRL and IndyCar can survive, the sport of IndyCar racing will never realise its potential with two separate series divided by egos and politics. (DP)
Full race video
Qualifying results
Qualifying video
Race results
What the hell is this?
Every year, during the long Indycar off-season, indycar embarks on a rewatch of an entire Indycar season. We try to find interesting articles and reports each week, to set the scene, along with a YouTube link to the full race. This year we are rewatching the 1996 season, the first year of "The Split" where two rival Indycar series competed against each other, one owned by the Indianapolis Speedway (the Indy Racing League, or IRL) and the other more established series run by the teams of CART. Races are posted every Friday at midday Eastern.
IndyBot submitted this post on behalf of GreatZapper
Questions, comments, or hate mail regarding IndyBot should be directed to BadgerBalls.
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2017.03.02 16:28 _RequestGranted The Best TV Seasons of All Time List in post, 100 clicks saved

http://web.archive.org/web/20170302152410/http://www.msn.com/en-us/tv/gallery/the-best-tv-seasons-of-all-time/ss-AAmvT4C?li=BBnb7Kz
This is a score out of 100 that looks at the median IMDb rating of all episodes in a season and the median IMDb votes of all episodes in a season. Ties were broken by the median episode IMDb rating. Given that IMDb has only been around since 1990, the TV shows and seasons that made the cut are skewed more toward recent decades.
Rank Series Season Smart Rating Median IMDb Episode Rating Median IMDb Episode Votes Season Premiere Date Starring
100 Gotham 2 88.68 8.6 1552.5 9/21/2015 Benjamin McKenzie, Donal Logue, David Mazouz
99 Supernatural 6 88.81 8.6 1613.5 9/24/2010 Jared Padalecki, Jensen Ackles, Jim Beaver
98 True Detective 2 88.87 8.2 5779 6/21/2015 Colin Farrell, Rachel McAdams, Vince Vaughn
97 Twin Peaks 1 88.88 8.7 1454.5 4/8/1990 Kyle MacLachlan, Michael Ontkean, Mädchen Amick
96 House 4 88.92 8.8 1354 9/25/2007 Hugh Laurie, Olivia Wilde, Kal Penn
95 Sopranos 6 88.95 8.7 1463 3/12/2006 James Gandolfini, Lorraine Bracco, Edie Falco
94 The X-Files 6 89.13 8.6 1653 11/8/1998 David Duchovny, Gillian Anderson, Mitch Pileggi
93 Black Mirror 2 89.19 8.2 8631 2/11/2013 Hayley Atwell, Domhnall Gleeson, Lenora Crichlow
92 Sopranos 2 89.20 8.7 1505 1/16/2000 James Gandolfini, Lorraine Bracco, Edie Falco
91 Suits 4 89.26 9.0 1168.5 6/11/2014 Gabriel Macht, Patrick J. Adams, Rick Hoffman
90 Vikings 2 89.29 8.6 1681 2/27/2014 Travis Fimmel, Clive Standen, Gustaf Skarsgård
89 Supernatural 9 89.32 8.6 1685 10/8/2013 Jared Padalecki, Jensen Ackles, A.J. Buckley
88 Vikings 3 89.36 8.7 1602.5 2/19/2015 Travis Fimmel, Clive Standen, Gustaf Skarsgård
87 The Wire 1 89.39 8.7 1530 6/2/2002 Dominic West, Sonja Sohn, Deirdre Lovejoy
86 Sense8 1 89.51 8.6 1711.5 6/5/2015 Ami Ameen, Doona Bae, Jamie Clayton
85 Supernatural 8 89.55 8.7 1566 10/3/2012 Jared Padalecki, Jensen Ackles, Lynda Boyd
84 Supernatural 7 89.58 8.7 1577 9/23/2011 Jared Padalecki, Jensen Ackles, Jim Beaver
83 Homeland 2 89.63 8.6 1795 9/30/2012 Claire Danes, Mandy Patinkin, Mido Hamada
82 Planet Earth 1 89.69 9.1 1173 3/5/2006 David Attenborough
81 The Walking Dead 4 89.77 8.3 6287 10/13/2013 Andrew Lincoln, Steven Yeun, Chandler Riggs
80 House of Cards 3 89.81 8.5 2270 2/27/2015 Kevin Spacey, Robin Wright, Michael Kelly
79 Supernatural 11 89.86 9.0 1240 10/7/2015 Jared Padalecki, Jensen Ackles, Lisa Berry
78 Homeland 4 90.08 8.6 2039.5 10/5/2014 Claire Danes, Mandy Patinkin, Numan Acar
77 Doctor Who 9 90.14 8.6 2087.5 12/25/2014 Colin McFarlane, Ingrid Oliver, Alex Kingston
76 Dexter 3 90.20 8.6 2101.5 9/28/2008 Michael C. Hall, Jennifer Carpenter, David Zayas
75 The Walking Dead 7 90.34 8.4 6039 10/23/2016 Andrew Lincoln, Steven Yeun, Chandler Riggs
74 The 100 2 90.36 8.6 2146.5 10/22/2014 Eliza Taylor, Paige Turco, Bob Morley
73 American Horror Story 1 90.42 8.5 2758.5 10/5/2011 Jessica Lange, Connie Britton, Dylan McDermott
72 The Leftovers 2 90.56 9.0 1338.5 10/4/2015 Justin Theroux, Amy Brenneman, Christopher Eccleston
71 The Walking Dead 2 90.60 8.4 6460 10/16/2011 Andrew Lincoln, Steven Yeun, Chandler Riggs
70 The Walking Dead 6 90.63 8.4 6367 10/11/2015 Andrew Lincoln, Steven Yeun, Chandler Riggs
69 Arrow 1 90.76 8.5 3142 10/10/2012 Stephen Amell, David Ramsey, Willa Holland
68 Lost 2 90.77 8.6 2421 9/21/2005 Matthew Fox, Terry O'Quinn, Jorge Garcia
67 Sopranos 1 90.79 8.8 1660 1/10/1999 James Gandolfini, Lorraine Bracco, Edie Falco
66 Black Mirror 1 90.91 8.4 10642 12/4/2011 Rory Kinnear, Daniel Kaluuya, Toby Kebbell
65 Better Call Saul 2 90.99 8.6 2517.5 2/15/2016 Bob Odenkirk, Jonathan Banks, Rhea Seehorn
64 House of Cards 4 91.04 8.8 1697 3/4/2016 Kevin Spacey, Robin Wright, Michael Kelly
63 Supernatural 1 91.06 8.6 2594 9/13/2005 Jared Padalecki, Jensen Ackles, Andrew Airlie
62 South Park 11 91.08 8.8 1702 3/7/2007 Trey Parker, Matt Stone, Mona Marshall
61 Lost 3 91.09 8.6 2611 10/4/2006 Matthew Fox, Evangeline Lilly, Josh Holloway
60 Supernatural 3 91.19 8.7 2153.5 10/4/2007 Jared Padalecki, Jensen Ackles, Sterling K. Brown
59 House of Cards 1 91.41 8.6 2988 2/1/2013 Kevin Spacey, Robin Wright, Kate Mara
58 Suits 5 91.43 9.2 1238.5 6/24/2015 Gabriel Macht, Patrick J. Adams, Rick Hoffman
57 House of Cards 2 91.83 8.7 2543 2/14/2014 Kevin Spacey, Robin Wright, Michael Kelly
56 Hannibal 1 91.92 8.7 2675 4/4/2013 Mads Mikkelsen, Hugh Dancy, Caroline Dhavernas
55 Person of Interest 2 92.04 9.0 1579 9/27/2012 Jim Caviezel, Kevin Chapman, Michael Emerson
54 Narcos 1 92.09 8.8 2234 8/28/2015 Wagner Moura, Boyd Holbrook, Pedro Pascal
53 Prison Break 1 92.10 8.9 1833 8/29/2005 Wentworth Miller, Dominic Purcell, Amaury Nolasco
52 The Walking Dead 3 92.13 8.6 6244.5 10/14/2012 Andrew Lincoln, Steven Yeun, Chandler Riggs
51 Arrow 3 92.17 8.7 2976 10/8/2014 Stephen Amell, David Ramsey, Willa Holland
50 The Walking Dead 5 92.26 8.6 6929.5 10/12/2014 Andrew Lincoln, Steven Yeun, Chandler Riggs
49 Lost 5 92.31 8.8 2364 1/21/2009 Matthew Fox, Evangeline Lilly, Jorge Garcia
48 Supernatural 5 92.32 8.9 1987.5 9/10/2009 Jared Padalecki, Jensen Ackles, Daryl Shuttleworth
47 The Walking Dead 1 92.42 8.6 7836 10/31/2010 Andrew Lincoln, Jon Bernthal, Sarah Wayne Callies
46 Lost 4 82.44 8.8 2473 1/31/2008 Matthew Fox, Jorge Garcia, Elizabeth Mitchell
45 Black Mirror 3 92.45 8.6 6780.5 10/21/2016 Bryce Dallas Howard, Kelly Macdonald, Gugu Mbatha-Raw
44 Game of Thrones 5 92.64 8.6 13623.5 4/12/2015 Peter Dinklage, Lena Headey, Kit Harington
43 The Flash 1 92.68 8.7 4126 10/7/2014 Grant Gustin, Candice Patton, Danielle Panabaker
42 Supernatural 4 92.70 8.9 2133 9/18/2008 Jared Padalecki, Jensen Ackles, Keegan Connor Tracy
41 Dexter 5 92.73 8.9 2138.5 9/26/2010 Michael C. Hall, Jennifer Carpenter, David Zayas
40 Lost 1 92.88 8.8 2856 9/22/2004 Matthew Fox, Sayid Jarrah, Jorge Garcia
39 Supernatural 2 92.95 8.9 2248 9/28/2006 Jared Padalecki, Jensen Ackles, Jim Beaver
38 Dexter 4 92.98 8.9 2262.5 9/27/2009 Michael C. Hall, Jennifer Carpenter, John Lithgow
37 Person of Interest 4 93.03 9.1 1619 9/23/2014 Jim Caviezel, Kevin Chapman, Michael Emerson
36 Dexter 1 93.04 8.8 3000.5 10/1/2006 Michael C. Hall, Jennifer Carpenter, David Zayas
35 Mr. Robot 2 93.08 8.9 2312 7/13/2016 Rami Malek, Carly Chaikin, Portia Doubleday
34 Breaking Bad 3 93.09 8.7 7138 3/21/2010 Bryan Cranston, Anna Gunn, Aaron Paul
33 Person of Interest 1 93.18 9.0 2012 9/22/2011 Jim Caviezel, Kevin Chapman, Michael Emerson
32 Outlander 1 93.21 9.0 2105.5 8/9/2014 Caitriona Balfe, Sam Heughan, Duncan Lacroix
31 Rick and Morty 1 93.25 9.0 2115 12/2/2013 Justin Roiland, Chris Parnell, Spencer Grammer
30 Dexter 2 93.27 8.9 2539.5 9/30/2007 Michael C. Hall, Jennifer Carpenter, David Zayas
29 Breaking Bad 1 93.28 8.7 9097 1/20/2008 Bryan Cranston, Anna Gunn, Aaron Paul
28 Dexter 7 93.36 8.9 2511.5 9/30/2012 Michael C. Hall, Jennifer Carpenter, David Zayas
27 Mr. Robot 1 93.61 8.8 5360 6/24/2015 Rami Malek, Carly Chaikin, Portia Doubleday
26 Rick and Morty 2 93.79 9.1 2041.5 7/26/2015 Justin Roiland, Chris Parnell, Spencer Grammer
25 The Flash 2 93.90 8.9 3056 10/6/2015 Grant Gustin, Candice Patton, Danielle Panabaker
24 Hannibal 3 93.94 9.0 2407 6/4/2015 Mads Mikkelsen, Hugh Dancy, Caroline Dhavernas
23 Firefly 1 94.00 9.0 2411 9/20/2002 Nathan Fillion, Gina Torres, Alan Tudyk
22 Arrow 2 94.03 8.9 3194 10/9/2013 Stephen Amell, David Ramsey, Willa Holland
21 Game of Thrones 2 94.15 8.8 11577 4/1/2012 Peter Dinklage, Lena Headey, Kit Harington
20 Better Call Saul 1 94.44 8.9 5672.5 2/8/2015 Bob Odenkirk, Jonathan Banks, Rhea Seehorn
19 Breaking Bad 2 94.72 8.9 7297 3/8/2009 Bryan Cranston, Anna Gunn, Aaron Paul
18 Breaking Bad 4 94.76 8.9 7439 7/7/2011 Bryan Cranston, Anna Gunn, Aaron Paul
17 Game of Thrones 3 95.01 8.9 11631 3/31/2013 Peter Dinklage, Lena Headey, Kit Harington
16 Westworld 1 95.18 9.0 5363.5 10/2/2016 Evan Rachel Wood, Anthony Hopkins, Jeffrey Wright
15 Stranger Things 1 95.30 9.0 6147.5 7/15/2016 Winona Ryder, David Harbour, Finn Wolfhard
14 Hannibal 2 95.34 9.1 2898 2/28/2014 Mads Mikkelsen, Hugh Dancy, Caroline Dhavernas
13 Band of Brothers 1 95.45 9.2 2554 9/9/2001 Damian Lewis, Ron Livingston, Donnie Wahlberg
12 Fargo 2 95.53 9.1 3136.5 10/12/2015 Kirsten Dunst, Patrick Wilson, Jesse Plemons
10 Fargo 1 95.85 9.1 4021 4/15/2014 Billy Bob Thornton, Allison Tolman, Martin Freeman
9 Game of Thrones 1 95.87 9.0 13999.5 4/17/2011 Sean Bean, Peter Dinklage, Nikolaj Coster-Waldau
8 Game of Thrones 6 96.03 9.0 21455.5 4/24/2016 Peter Dinklage, Nikolaj Coster-Waldau, Kit Harington
7 Person of Interest 5 96.17 9.5 1612 5/3/2016 Jim Caviezel, Kevin Chapman, Michael Emerson
6 Sherlock 1 96.70 9.1 16234 7/25/2010 Benedict Cumberbatch, Martin Freeman, Louise Brealey
5 Sherlock 3 96.74 9.1 18890 1/1/2014 Benedict Cumberbatch, Martin Freeman, Louise Brealey
4 True Detective 1 97.31 9.2 9758 1/12/2014 Matthew McConaughey, Woody Harrelson, Michelle Monaghan
3 Game of Thrones 4 98.37 9.3 19101 4/6/2014 Peter Dinklage, Nikolaj Coster-Waldau, Kit Harington
2 Breaking Bad 5 98.98 9.4 11618.5 7/15/2012 Bryan Cranston, Anna Gunn, Aaron Paul
1 Sherlock 2 100.00 9.5 20533 1/1/2012 Benedict Cumberbatch, Martin Freeman, Una Stubbs
submitted by _RequestGranted to savedyouaclick [link] [comments]


2016.09.25 23:42 ShaunaDorothy Per il diritto all’autogoverno di Donetsk e Lugansk! Abbasso le sanzioni contro la Russia! Gli imperialisti di Stati Uniti e Unione Europea fomentano i massacri in Ucraina! - Marzo 2015

https://archive.is/KNJ0e
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Dall’inizio dell’anno c’è stato un drammatico aumento dei combattimenti tra le forze del governo ucraino e quelle delle repubbliche separatiste di Donetsk e Lugansk, appoggiate dalla Russia. La guerra civile nell’Ucraina orientale, che ha fatto più di 5.300 morti e un milione e mezzo di sfollati, è il risultato delle macchinazioni degli imperialisti americani. Cercando di costruire uno Stato cliente al confine con la Russia, Washington spera di vanificare l’influenza dei suoi potenziali rivali di Mosca nei paesi dell’ex Unione Sovietica. A dicembre, il presidente Obama ha firmato l’Ukraine Freedom Support Act, autorizzando altri 350 milioni di dollari di aiuti militari all’Ucraina in tre anni e nuove sanzioni contro la Russia. Il Pentagono ha lanciato l’Operazione Atlantic Resolve, con cui ha rafforzato la sua presenza aerea, terrestre e navale nell’Europa dell’Est. Ha condotto una serie di vaste esercitazioni militari in Polonia e nei paesi baltici e ha in programma di inviare in Europa altri cento mezzi corazzati e tremila soldati, in aggiunta ai consiglieri militari che addestrano la Guardia nazionale ucraina, infestata dai fascisti. Navi militari americane pattugliano regolarmente il Mar Nero insieme alla marina ucraina. Quasi ogni giorno si hanno notizie di decine di persone uccise dai bombardamenti della artiglieria o da missili che colpiscono case, scuole e ospedali in numerose città e villaggi del Donbass. Nei territori controllati dai ribelli, il governo di Kiev ha smesso di pagare le pensioni e ha sospeso praticamente tutti i servizi bancari. In tutta l’Ucraina, le devastazioni provocate dalla guerra hanno imposto dure condizioni ai lavoratori, ai poveri e agli anziani.
Il 18 marzo 2014, la popolazione della Crimea ha deciso di separarsi dall’Ucraina, governata da forze ultranazionaliste e fasciste e di unirsi alla Russia. Il referendum, che ha vinto con il 97 percento di voti, non ha fatto che sancire il fatto che la Crimea è russa. I governanti imperialisti hanno strillato inorriditi per la “violazione” dei sacri confini dell’Ucraina, perché speravano di sottrarre alla Russia le sue storiche e strategiche basi navali di Sebastopoli, privandola di fatto dell’accesso diretto al Mar Nero e al Mediterraneo. Il referendum è stato possibile solo grazie alla presenza di forze russe nella penisola. Per questo abbiamo appoggiato la loro presenza in Crimea, senza la quale la popolazione non avrebbe mai potuto esercitare il suo diritto all’autodeterminazione. A differenza di quanto afferma la propaganda imperialista, riecheggiata dalla sinistra riformista, non c’è stata nessuna “invasione russa”, ma un intervento difensivo che ha consentito ai russi di Crimea di tornare a far parte della Russia.
L’undici maggio 2014 anche la popolazione delle regioni di Donetsk e Lugansk ha votato per un referendum che proponeva l’autogoverno della regione (il cui contenuto potrebbe andare da una maggiore autonomia in seno ad un’Ucraina federale, alla formazione di uno Stato indipendente, alla fusione con la Russia). Date le condizioni di guerra civile in quel momento, il voto è stato una specie di sondaggio, che comunque ha espresso chiaramente la volontà di autogoverno degli abitanti del Donbass. Noi difendiamo il diritto democratico della popolazione in queste aree di condurre il referendum e di agire sulla base del voto per l’autogoverno, fino ad includere l’indipendenza o l’unificazione con la Russia, se così desiderano. La repressione nell’Est ed a Odessa, dove le squadracce fasciste di Settore destro hanno attaccato ed incendiato la sede dei sindacati, assassinando 40 persone, inclusi militanti dell’organizzazione di sinistra Borotba, ha rafforzato l’ostilità verso Kiev. A differenza delle regioni occidentali, l’Ucraina orientale è caratterizzata da un alto livello di assimilazione tra russi e ucraini. Molte persone sono di origini sia ucraine che russe, altri si identificano come “sovietici” o “popolo del Donbass”.
La risposta del governo di Kiev è stata l’invio delle truppe e delle milizie paramilitari fasciste (insieme ad un discreto numero di mercenari e di “consulenti” occidentali) a reprimere il movimento autonomista del Donbass. La guerra civile nel Donbass è stata il sanguinoso prodotto del colpo di Stato del 22 febbraio, orchestrato dagli imperialisti di Stati Uniti e Unione Europea, che ha installato un governo ultranazionalista amico della Nato e dell’Unione Europea. La forza d’urto delle manifestazioni che hanno portato al golpe sono stati i neonazisti di Settore destro e i fascisti di Svoboda, che hanno anche ottenuto importanti incarichi ministeriali nel primo governo di Kiev e le cui squadracce sono diventate la spina dorsale dell’esercito ucraino nella repressione a Donetsk. Gli attuali fascisti ucraini derivano dai nazionalisti ucraini guidati da Stepan Bandera, che collaborarono militarmente con la Germania nazista e perpetrarono massacri di massa di ebrei, comunisti, soldati sovietici e polacchi.
Oggi è di vitale interesse per la classe operaia ucraina, russa ed internazionale, battersi in difesa della popolazione dell’Ucraina orientale e di Odessa, contro la repressione militare ed il terrore fascista. I marxisti non sono neutrali: siamo dalla parte della popolazione di Donetsk e Lugansk in lotta contro il regime di Kiev. Allo stesso tempo non diamo nessun sostegno politico alla loro direzione reazionaria, che è caratterizzata dallo sciovinismo grande russo e pervasa di fanatismo contro gli ebrei.
Per il diritto di autogoverno del Donbass!
Da leninisti, difendiamo il diritto all’eguaglianza tra le nazioni. Ci opponiamo a qualsiasi discriminazione nazionale e appoggiamo il diritto all’autodeterminazione nazionale, che significa il diritto di separarsi dagli Stati esistenti, formarne di nuovi, o unirsi ad altri. Per tutta la vita Lenin sostenne con forza questa posizione e nelle sue Tesi “La rivoluzione socialista e il diritto delle nazioni all’autodecisione” dell’aprile 1916 scrisse che:
“Il proletariato non può eludere col silenzio la questione—particolarmente ‘spiacevole’ per la borghesia imperialista—delle frontiere di uno Stato fondato sull’oppressione nazionale. Il proletariato non può non lottare contro il mantenimento forzato delle nazioni oppresse nei confini di uno Stato, e questo significa appunto lottare per il diritto di autodecisione. Il proletariato deve esigere la libertà di separazione politica delle colonie e delle nazioni oppresse dalla ‘sua’ nazione. Nel caso contrario l’internazionalismo del proletariato resterà vuoto e verbale; tra gli operai della nazione dominante e gli operai della nazione oppressa non sarà possibile né la fiducia, né la solidarietà di classe (…)”.
Il diritto all’autodeterminazione nazionale vale per i popoli di tutte le nazioni, comprese le grandi potenze come la Russia. Noi rifiutiamo la distinzione, tanto cara alla sinistra riformista, tra quelle che decretano essere le nazioni “buone”, “progressiste”, cui bisogna accordare diritti nazionali, e nazioni “cattive”, “reazionarie” che non se li meritano; una distinzione che è stata usata dalla sinistra filo imperialista per giustificare il rifiuto dell’annessione della Crimea alla Russia.
Certo, siamo a favore del diritto di autodeterminazione, hanno ripetuto in coro i riformisti. Ma non ora, non per la Crimea, non con la Russia. In un esempio lampante, la Tendenza marxista internazionale (in Italia, Falcemartello) ha invocato subito “Fuori le truppe russe dalla Crimea!”:
“Noi riconosciamo il diritto dei popoli all’autodeterminazione, ma non pensiamo in termini dogmatici. Se al referendum del 30 marzo gli abitanti della Crimea voteranno per l'‘indipendenza’, saranno loro stessi a votare per la guerra, nella quale toccherà combattere non solo a loro. (...) Gli abitanti della Crimea hanno il diritto di scatenare la guerra e di condannare alla sofferenza milioni di persone? No!” (marxismo.net “Fermiamo i guerrafondai”, 3 marzo 2014)
E come mai? Semplice, ripetevano quello che hanno sentito dire da Obama e dalla Merkel: l’autodeterminazione della Crimea ist verboten. Dalla Crimea al Donbass, non appena qualcuno ha proposto di sottrarre anche un metro quadrato del sacro suolo dello Stato ucraino, gli imperialisti e i loro sostenitori hanno strillato “invasione della Russia”. Alla faccia di Falcemartello, la popolazione di Crimea ha ribadito che la Crimea è russa, e le orde di giornalisti che si sono avventati in Crimea alla ricerca di una “carneficina di tartari” non hanno avuto niente da riportare.
Anche gruppi come il Partito comunista dei lavoratori (Pcl), che hanno condannato il regime di Kiev e che a fatto compiuto hanno accettato l’annessione della Crimea alla Russia, si sono però opposti all’intervento russo e all’autodeterminazione della Crimea. Il Pcl ha giustificato il suo rifiuto di sostenere la presenza delle truppe russe in Crimea rivendicando la neutralità dei marxisti in un conflitto tra potenze imperialiste. Ma la Russia non è un paese imperialista. La Russia capitalista, a differenza dei paesi imperialisti, esporta principalmente materie prime e solo in linea subordinata capitali, i suoi interventi militari sono limitati all’Asia centrale ex sovietica, le sue aspirazioni imperialiste inoltre si scontrano con gli Stati Uniti e i paesi imperialisti europei che vogliono mantenerla fuori dal numero ristretto delle vecchie potenze imperialiste. La Russia ha il potenziale per aspirare ad essere una potenza imperialista, in termini di popolazione e di un vasto potenziale militare ed economico ereditato dallo Stato operaio degenerato sovietico, nonostante le immense devastazioni indotte dalla controrivoluzione capitalista del 1991-1992. Ma le sue aspirazioni sono state frustrate dalla incessante campagna degli imperialisti, in particolare di quelli americani, per impedire che possa diventare un rivale pericoloso.
Per far quadrare la propria opposizione al regime di Kiev col rifiuto di appoggiare i diritti nazionali delle popolazioni ucraine dell’Est, il Pcl e Falcemartello, hanno dipinto la lotta nel Donbass con i toni dell’antifascismo, mettendo in secondo piano il fatto che si tratta essenzialmente di una lotta nazionale. Così facendo, hanno finito pure con l’abbellire la natura delle forze che appoggiano le repubbliche di Donetsk e Lugansk, descrivendole a volte come progressiste o socialiste, mentre si tratta di un blocco eterogeneo che va dai fascisti russi di A. Dugin (cofondatore del Partito nazionalbolscevico) alle forze di sinistra di Borotba, sotto la direzione dei nazionalisti di destra filorussi, spesso intrisi di odio per gli ebrei e di clericalismo.
Manovre della Nato contro la Russia capitalista
I principali responsabili della situazione in Ucraina sono le potenze imperialiste, che sin dai tempi dell’Unione Sovietica hanno fomentato e finanziato le forze nazionaliste e anticomuniste più reazionarie per distruggere lo Stato operaio nato dalla Rivoluzione d’Ottobre. Dopo la controrivoluzione, le diplomazie occidentali hanno continuato a complottare per spezzare gli storici legami economici e politici dell’Ucraina con la Russia, come parte del loro sforzo di impedire che la Russia capitalista emergesse come potenza imperialista rivale. La separazione dell’Ucraina dalla Russia è sempre stata una componente centrale dei piani della Nato. Come spiegò nel 1997 l’ex consulente della Casa Bianca Zbigniew Brzezinski:
“Senza l’Ucraina, la Russia cessa di essere un impero eurasiatico. (…) Ma se Mosca riconquista il controllo dell’Ucraina, coi suoi 52 milioni di abitanti e grandi risorse naturali, oltreché l’accesso al Mar Nero, la Russia automaticamente riconquisterà le condizioni che ne fanno un potente Stato imperiale esteso fra Asia ed Europa”.
Infatti, gli ultimi vent’anni hanno testimoniato la costante espansione verso Est della Nato e dell’Unione Europea. La Repubblica ceca, l’Ungheria e la Polonia fanno parte della Nato dal 1999. Nel 2004, la Nato è stata ulteriormente allargata ad includere non solo la Romania e la Bulgaria, ma anche l’Estonia, la Lettonia e la Lituania, che un tempo facevano parte dell’Unione Sovietica.
L’estensione militare è stata ottenuta combinando l’intervento diretto (i bombardamenti in Serbia nel 1999) e il sostegno politico e finanziario alle “rivoluzioni colorate” in Serbia, Georgia, Ucraina ed in Asia centrale. Il recente golpe di Kiev è stato una ripetizione riuscita della “rivoluzione arancione” del 2004, in cui gli Usa finanziarono i cosiddetti “movimenti democratici” per cacciare il presidente in carica, Kuchma, e sostiuirlo con i mafiosi proatlantici Timoshenko e Yushenko. Persino un giornale filo imperialista come il Guardian riconobbe che la “rivoluzione arancione” era stata “finanziata e organizzata dal governo Usa, con dispiegamento di consulenti, sondaggisti, diplomatici, dei due grandi partiti americani e delle organizzazioni non governative”.
Rifondazione comunista ha denunciato il ruolo di Stati Uniti ed Unione Europea per il sostegno ai fascisti di Kiev e si è opposta alle sanzioni contro la Russia. Ma ha dichiarato anche di battersi per assicurare “l’indipendenza dell’Europa dagli Usa”, perciò sostenendo che l’Unione Europea imperialista possa essere una forza di progresso. L’Unione Europea è un blocco imperialista che ha lo scopo di mettere sotto torchio la classe operaia e di agire sotto la guida tedesca, per rapinare i paesi capitalisti più deboli e dipendenti. La sua espansione ad Est può significare solo accresciuta miseria per la classe operaia di tutto il continente. Rifondazione ha dato il suo contributo alla “fortezza Europa” razzista partecipando a due governi borghesi nel 1996-98 (con l’approvazione della legge razzista Turco-Napolitano) e nel 2006-08 (con l’approvazione del “pacchetto sicurezza” contro gli immigrati rumeni). Abbasso l’Unione Europea e la “fortezza Europa” razzista! Noi lottiamo per l’espropriazione della borghesia attraverso la rivoluzione socialista e per un’economia internazionale pianificata che supererà i limiti dello Statonazione. Per gli Stati uniti socialisti d’Europa!
Frutti amari della distruzione dell’Unione Sovietica
La situazione in Ucraina è il prodotto della distruzione controrivoluzionaria dell’Unione Sovietica, il primo Stato operaio nel mondo, nel 1991-92. La controrivoluzione promossa dagli imperialisti ha portato al collasso economico ed alla sanguinaria resurrezione degli antagonismi nazionali, trascinando nella miseria le popolazioni di Russia, Ucraina e delle altre ex repubbliche sovietiche. La Lega comunista internazionale, al meglio delle nostre possibilità e risorse, si è battuta per difendere l’Urss contro la restaurazione del capitalismo e per una rivoluzione politica proletaria che spazzasse via la burocrazia stalinista, la cui politica ha minato le conquiste della Rivoluzione d’Ottobre.
La maggior parte degli pseudo trotskisti che sono oggi contrari al diritto di autodeterminazione della Crimea, non si faceva scrupoli nell’appoggiare i movimenti nazionalisti controrivoluzionari sponsorizzati dagli imperialisti, che sfruttavano la richiesta di autodeterminazione come strumento per rovesciare lo Stato operaio sovietico.
Le organizzazioni di sinistra come il Pcl, Falcemartello e il Pdac, che hanno sostenuto in varia misura la crociata antisovietica in nome dell’“antistalinismo” hanno la loro parte di responsabilità per la devastazione sociale e lo sciovinismo nazionalista che hanno flagellato l’Unione Sovietica e l’Europa dell’Est dopo la controrivoluzione.
Riproduciamo di seguito il volantino distribuito dalla Lega trotskista d’Italia dopo il referendum in Crimea.
Ucraina: un golpe infestato di fascisti e sostenuto dagli imperialisti
La Crimea è russa!
Dal 18 marzo la Crimea fa ufficialmente parte della Russia. La firma del trattato di riunificazione da parte del presidente russo Vladimir Putin e del suo omologo di Crimea ha sanzionato il referendum con cui quasi il 97 percento dei votanti (l’83 percento dell’elettorato) si è espresso a favore della secessione dall’Ucraina e dell’annessione alla Russia. Avendo in precedenza denunciato il referendum come “illegittimo”, l’amministrazione Obama e i suoi alleati occidentali si sono rifiutati di riconoscere la riunificazione e hanno imposto una nuova serie di sanzioni, anche contro dei funzionari russi.
Sin da quando lo scorso febbraio l’uomo forte russo Vladimir Putin ha schierato le truppe in Crimea, attuando una risoluzione del parlamento russo, la macchina della propaganda occidentale ha avuto una crisi isterica. Il segretario di Stato americano John Kerry ha dichiarato che la Russia avrebbe pagato “un prezzo enorme” per l’invasione, minacciandone l’espulsione dal G8 imperialista e il congelamento dei beni russi all’estero. Senza il minimo senso del ridicolo, Kerry ha pontificato: “Nel Ventunesimo secolo, non ci si può comportare come nel Diciannovesimo, invadendo un altro paese sulla base di un pretesto completamente inventato”. Afghanistan, Iraq, Libia, Siria, ecc.: l’elenco dei paesi minacciati e invasi dagli imperialisti americani “nel Ventunesimo secolo” è interminabile. E in realtà gli imperialisti americani in particolare, ma anche quelli dell’Unione Europea, hanno influenzato fortemente gli eventi in Ucraina.
L’intervento della Russia in Crimea è una risposta al rovesciamento del governo nella capitale ucraina di Kiev. Il 22 febbraio, il corrotto presidente filorusso, Viktor Yanukovich, è stato rovesciato da un colpo di Stato di destra guidato da fascisti e sostenuto dagli Stati Uniti e dall’Unione Europea. Yanukovich è poi fuggito in Russia. I teppisti armati di molotov che hanno guidato tre mesi di mobilitazioni di massa nelle strade di Kiev, occupando edifici governativi e scontrandosi violentemente con la polizia, hanno ora preso il sopravvento. I fascisti del partito Svoboda hanno un vice primo ministro e diversi ministri nel nuovo governo. Il cofondatore di Svoboda, Andriy Parubiy, è a capo del Consiglio nazionale per la sicurezza e la difesa, che controlla le forze armate. Il nuovo vice primo ministro per gli affari economici, anch’egli di Svoboda, è Oleksandr Sych, un parlamentare tristemente famoso per i tentativi di vietare l’aborto anche in caso di stupro. Mentre Arseniy Yatsenyuk, favorito di Washington e capo del partito Patria è ora il nuovo primo ministro, i teppisti di piazza Maidan continuano a dettare la politica.
L’ascesa al potere della destra nazionalista ucraina con un colpo di Stato, ha allarmato profondamente la popolazione nelle aree di lingua russa, specialmente nelle regioni dell’Est e Sudest dell’Ucraina. Uno dei primi atti del nuovo regime, l’abolizione di una legge del 2012 che consente l’uso ufficiale della lingua russa e delle altre lingue minoritarie, è stata giustamente considerata un attacco contro le minoranze non ucraine, e ha provocato proteste diffuse, persino a Lviv (Leopoli), dove i fascisti hanno una base considerevole. Tredici regioni dell’Ucraina su ventisette, soprattutto nella parte orientale del paese, avevano adottato il russo come seconda lingua ufficiale, e due regioni occidentali il romeno, l’ungherese e il moldavo. In Crimea, ove il 58,5 percento della popolazione è di etnia russa, il 24,4 percento ucraina e il 12,1 percento tatara, la nuova legge sciovinista di Kiev ha colpito circa il 97 percento dei due milioni di abitanti della regione che utilizza il russo come lingua principale, a prescindere dal retroterra etnico.
L’esercito russo, con l’aiuto delle forze di “autodifesa” locali, ha preso il controllo della Repubblica autonoma di Crimea. Secondo quanto riportato, la maggior parte delle truppe ucraine in Crimea hanno disertato passando dalla parte russa, incluso il capo della marina ucraina e 800 unità di una base aerea ucraina in Crimea. I disordini si sono diffusi anche nell’Ucraina orientale.
Come era prevedibile, il nuovo governo ucraino ha condannato l’intervento di Putin come un’appropriazione da parte della Russia di territorio ucraino, e gli analisti borghesi lo hanno paragonato alla guerra russo-georgiana del 2008. L’intervento militare russo in Crimea non è come quella guerra, durante la quale le forze russe entrarono in territorio georgiano. In quella guerra, i marxisti avevano una linea disfattista rivoluzionaria: ci siamo opposti ad entrambe le forze militari borghesi (la Georgia era sostenuta dall’imperialismo occidentale).
Al contrario di come spesso lo presentano i media occidentali, l’intervento russo in Crimea non è un invasione di un “paese straniero”, nonostante la Crimea faccia formalmente parte dell’Ucraina. La Crimea è stata territorio russo sin dal tardo Diciottesimo secolo, quando fu strappata all’impero ottomano. Fu solo nel 1954 che il premier sovietico Nikita Krusciov cedette la Crimea alla Repubblica sovietica ucraina. Più tardi, con il crollo dell’Unione Sovietica, la zona divenne oggetto di accese dispute tra quelli che erano diventati gli Stati borghesi di Russia e Ucraina. Nel 1991, un tentativo degli abitanti locali di tenere un referendum sull’indipendenza della Crimea fu vietato a tempo indeterminato dalle autorità ucraine.
All’interno della Crimea, i principali oppositori alla secessione dall’Ucraina sono i tatari, un popolo turco a stragrande maggioranza musulmano. Il 26 febbraio, si sono verificati scontri nella capitale di Crimea, Simferopoli, tra tatari e manifestanti filorussi, che hanno provocato due morti e trenta feriti. La diffidenza dei tatari nei confronti delle autorità russe risale al periodo di Stalin, che nel 1944 deportò in massa i tatari della Crimea, dalla loro patria storica verso l’Asia centrale e altre regioni dell’Unione Sovietica.
Sin dal 1991-92, quando la controrivoluzione distrusse lo Stato operaio degenerato sovietico, abbiamo insistito sulla necessità dell’unità dei lavoratori nella lotta contro lo sfruttamento capitalista e contro tutte le forme di oppressione, inclusa l’oppressione nazionale e il fanatismo contro gli ebrei. In una dichiarazione della Lega comunista internazionale del 3 aprile 1995, rilasciata dopo che eravamo stati banditi dall’Ucraina da una caccia alle streghe anticomunista, abbiamo affermato che “oggi, nella nostra lotta per l’affermazione e la difesa dei diritti democratici dei lavoratori e di tutte le nazionalità, crediamo che in Crimea e in Cecenia sia all’ordine del giorno un plebiscito sull’appartenenza nazionale” (Wv n. 620, 7 aprile 1995).
Il popolo di Crimea ha tutto il diritto all’autodeterminazione, inclusa l’indipendenza o l’annessione alla Russia. Nella situazione attuale, la possibilità di esercitare questo diritto dipende anche dal sostegno delle forze russe. Infatti, è stato il nuovo governo di Crimea a chiederne l’intervento.
Rientra nei principi marxisti sostenere l’intervento russo in Crimea. Trasferire la Crimea all’Ucraina fu uno stupido errore amministrativo del regime di Krusciov, che andava contro la storia e la composizione nazionale e linguistica della Crimea. Le nuove autorità hanno dichiarato, almeno a parole, di voler tener conto delle preoccupazioni dei tatari, anche se la cosa resta da verificare. Il vice primo ministro di Crimea, Rustam Temirgaliev, ha detto che il governo locale offrirà ai tatari un posto nel Consiglio Supremo di Crimea e che vi saranno finanziamenti significativi ai programmi di reinsediamento e reintegrazione dei deportati durante l’era di Stalin (Russia Today, 2 marzo).
In un primo momento (Wv n. 1041, 7 marzo 2014) avevamo subordinato il nostro sostegno all’intervento russo alla “condizione che la Russia garantisca dei diritti speciali alla minoranza tatara, già decisamente oppressa sotto il dominio dell’Ucraina”. La condizione da noi posta all’appoggio all’intervento russo e quindi all’esercizio dell’autodeterminazione della maggioranza del popolo della Crimea, era un errore e un cedimento alla propaganda imperialista contro la Russia. Se il rispetto dei diritti delle ulteriori minoranze fosse un criterio decisivo per riconoscere il diritto all’autodeterminazione, bisognerebbe concludere che tale diritto non è mai applicabile, dato che non esiste quasi nazione oppressa che non includa a sua volta altre minoranze etniche o nazionali. Era sbagliato subordinare l’appoggio alle truppe russe in Crimea alla questione dei tatari: ammesso che la Crimea avesse potuto separarsi dall’Ucraina senza bisogno di un intervento russo, le truppe russe vi sarebbero comunque entrate dopo l’adesione alla Russia. Certamente uno dei compiti fondamentali dei marxisti in Russia è la difesa dei diritti dei tatari musulmani e delle altre minoranze etniche e nazionali, come ad esempio quella cecena. Pur appoggiando l’intervento russo in Crimea non diamo alcun appoggio al regime capitalista e sciovinista russo di Putin, ma i timori della minoranza tartara non possono cancellare il diritto democratico della maggioranza in Crimea di unirsi alla Russia.
Per il diritto di autodeterminazione di tutte le nazioni!
La Crimea non è un caso di “popoli interpenetrati” Quando si parla di popoli interpenetrati, non ci si riferisce ad un miscuglio di nazionalità ed etnie all’interno di un singolo Stato, che è la norma in tutto il mondo, ma alla situazione in cui due (o più) popoli si contendono lo stesso territorio, e alle implicazioni programmatiche per i leninisti, ad esempio, in Israele/Palestina e in Irlanda del Nord. Come afferma la Dichiarazione internazionale di principi della Lci, in caso di popoli interpenetrati: “il diritto democratico di autodeterminazione nazionale non può essere ottenuto da un popolo senza che siano violati i diritti nazionali degli altri. Perciò questi conflitti non possono essere risolti con giustizia in un quadro capitalistico. Il presupposto per una soluzione democratica è spazzare via tutte le borghesie della regione”.
Il diritto di autodeterminazione e gli altri diritti nazionali valgono per i popoli di tutte le nazioni, compresi quelli di grandi potenze come la Russia. Da marxisti, abbiamo sempre rifiutato la metodologia che accorda diritti democratici solo a certi popoli “progressisti” ma non a quelli considerati “reazionari”. Ad esempio, lo Stato sionista opprime brutalmente i palestinesi, ma noi riconosciamo anche i diritti nazionali degli ebrei israeliani come quelli dei palestinesi e ci opponiamo all’idea che gli ebrei debbano essere ricacciati in mare.
L’autodeterminazione è un diritto democratico e non è assoluto. La sua applicazione è subordinata alle esigenze della lotta di classe. Come sottolineò il dirigente bolscevico V.I. Lenin, il riconoscimento del diritto di autodeterminazione è un modo per togliere la questione nazionale dall’ordine del giorno e per favorire l’unità del proletariato nella lotta, consentendo in tal modo ai lavoratori di diverse nazioni di vedere chi sono i loro veri nemici, cioè le rispettive classi capitaliste. Noi siamo avversari implacabili del nazionalismo russo e di ogni altra forma di nazionalismo. Per questo abbiamo appoggiato il popolo ceceno nelle sue lotte armate per l’indipendenza dai brutali oppressori russi, sia all’epoca di Boris Eltsin, che sotto Vladimir Putin.
Intervenendo in Crimea, Putin punta a difendere gli interessi della Russia capitalista dagli imperialisti occidentali che vogliono stabilire un loro Stato cliente ai confini russi. Ma allo stesso tempo, in un contesto di crescente ostilità contro la popolazione russa in Ucraina, le azioni militari dettate dalla realpolitik russa corrispondono alle ben fondate paure nazionali dei russi in Crimea.
Gli operai devono spazzar via i fascisti dalle strade!
Il nostro atteggiamento verso l’intervento russo in Crimea non implica il minimo appoggio politico al regime capitalista di Putin. Ugualmente, la nostra opposizione al golpe in Ucraina, non significa che diamo alcun appoggio politico a Yanukovich e soci. Prima del golpe, si sarebbe dovuta affermare l’unità di classe del proletariato al di sopra delle divisioni etniche che affliggono il paese attraverso mobilitazioni della classe operaia ucraina per spazzar via i fascisti dalle strade di Kiev, la cosa sarebbe stata nell’interesse del proletariato internazionale. Oggi sarebbe un bene per il proletariato formare delle milizie operaie multietniche e non settarie per schiacciare i fascisti e respingere ogni forma di violenza tra le comunità.
In Wv n. 1038 del 24 gennaio, abbiamo evidenziato il ruolo decisivo giocato dai fascisti nelle manifestazioni antigovernative in Ucraina. Nonostante sia chiaro a tutti che l’opposizione oggi al potere è una roccaforte dei neonazisti, il New York Times e altri portavoce della classe dominante americana continuano a evitare di chiamarli col loro nome. I media occidentali continuano a spargere la menzogna secondo cui non si sarebbe trattato di un golpe, ma di una “rivoluzione pacifica” per la democrazia e contro la corruzione.
Svoboda è un partito fascista anti ebrei. Il suo leader Oleg Tyagnibok sostiene che l’Ucraina è dominata dalla “mafia ebrea moscovita”. Il partito deriva dai nazionalisti ucraini capeggiati da Stepan Bandera, che durante la Seconda guerra mondiale collaborarono con i nazisti e furono artefici di massacri di massa di ebrei, comunisti, soldati sovietici e polacchi. All’inizio il partito si chiamava Partito socialnazionalista dell’Ucraina, con un ovvio richiamo al partito nazista (nazional-socialista) tedesco. Lo scorso gennaio, Svoboda ha capeggiato una fiaccolata di 15 mila persone a Kiev e un’altra a Lviv (sua roccaforte nell’Ucraina occidentale) in memoria del suo eroe Bandera.
Nel corso delle proteste, Svoboda è stato scavalcato da gruppi ancor più estremi, come Settore destro, che pensa che Svoboda sia troppo “liberal” e “conformista”. Settore destro ha messo in piedi delle squadracce paramilitari che hanno attaccato la polizia con l’obiettivo di rovesciare il governo. Dopo il golpe i sostenitori di Settore destro di Stryi, nella regione di Lviv, hanno distrutto un monumento nazionale che commemorava i soldati dell’Armata Rossa morti per liberare l’Ucraina dalla Germania nazista. Negli ultimi due mesi sono anche state distrutte decine di statue di Lenin. Aleksandr Muzychko, il capo di Settore destro nell’Ucraina occidentale, ha promesso di combattere “fino alla morte contro gli ebrei, i comunisti e la feccia russa”. A conferma del fatto che è Settore destro a controllare la situazione, Muzychko ha detto che, una volta rovesciato il governo, “o ci saranno ordine e disciplina”, oppure “le squadre di Settore destro ammazzeranno i bastardi sul posto”.
http://www.icl-fi.org/italiano/spo/78/ucraina.html
submitted by ShaunaDorothy to communismo [link] [comments]


2015.08.24 16:01 JohnDoeMonopoly [60 Teams, 60 Days] Michigan Wolverines

University of Michigan (UM)
Big Ten (formerly CCHA)
First Season: Officially 1922, Unofficially 1920.
Total Attendance: 82,742 (5,516 per game) - 9th place
Nickname: Wolverines
Live Mascot: None
Arena: Yost Ice Arena. Originally built in 1923, the building was converted into a hockey arena in 1973. It has undergone a handful of renovations in an effort to keep it up to date. Current seating capacity is at 5,800 with a total capacity of about 6,600. More information can be found on this wiki page.
All-time Record: 1,631-1,040-145
Championships: 9 Total (1948, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1955, 1956, 1964, 1996, 1998)
Frozen Four Appearances: 24 (Most Recent: 2011)
Tournament Appearances: 35 (Most Recent: 2012)
Conference Titles: 14 Regular Season (Recent: 10-11), 9 Tournament (Recent: 09-10)
An original member of D1 hockey, Michigan hockey is one of the most dominant programs in the nation. Not only does Michigan hold the NCAA record for Championships and Championship Game appearances, they also set the record for consecutive tournament appearances, making it 22 years from 1991 to 2012. While they have failed to win it all since 1998, Michigan has made it to the Frozen Four five times since then. A dynasty early and a huge obstacle currently, Michigan is a program few (if any) can match.
Rivals
Michigan State While Ohio gets all the hate in football, Michigan State is the main enemy when it comes to hockey. These teams first met in 1925, a 6-3 Michigan win. The all time record is in Michigan’s favor, currently standing at 152-129-19 in 288 meetings. The rivalry is so popular and intense that once a year the teams head over to the Red Wings’ home at Joe Louis Arena. This has gone on since 1990, with Michigan holding a 14-10-4 lead in the so called “Rivalry at the Joe” series. The two teams also frequently meet in the Great Lakes Invitational, a four team tournament hosted by Michigan Tech (also in the Joe Louis Arena). Michigan has the most Great Lakes Invitational titles with 16, and Michigan State is in second with 12. More about the tournament can be found at this wikipedia page
This rivalry is also notable in that it has twice set the world attendance record for a hockey game. The first game took place at Spartan Stadium and has since become known as the Cold War. The result was a somewhat anticlimactic 3-3 tie, but was unique in that it featured two martching bands on the field and was internationally televised. The rivalry reclaimed the attendance record in 2011 with the Big Chill at the Big House. Michigan won this one easily, dispatching MSU 5-0.
Ohio State I think everyone here knows about the Ohio State-Michigan football rivalry, and it’s pretty safe to say that it spills over onto the ice. Michigan and Ohio fans just plain do not like each other, and that’s putting it lightly. Even the states themselves don’t like each other, having waged a bloodless war known as the Toledo War from 1835 to 1836. There’s no love lost here, and that fact alone is enough to make up for any on-ice deficiencies this rivalry has.
Ohio hockey is a late bloomer of sorts, first skating in 1964 and not making the tournament until 1998. They’re not a basement dweller, but the fact that they’re never a national threat quite like MSU is why this rivalry cools off a bit on the ice. Michigan dominates the all time series 78-34-12.
Notre Dame The fact that I’m probably not the best spokesperson for whom Michigan hockey fans hate combined with ND including Michigan as a rival means that I’m putting Notre Dame here. The record is (surprise!) in Michigan’s favor at 74-54-5 with the first meeting coming in 1923. With the creation of the Big Ten, the days of these two meeting might be done as they part ways as conference foes. Worse yet, it ends on a sour note for Michigan; Notre Dame beat Michigan in the CCHA Championship in 2013 to dash their tournament hopes and end the NCAA record streak. The two schools have not met since. Michigan demands revenge!
2014-2015 Season
Record: 22-15-0 (12-8-0)
Coach: Red Bernson
2014-2015 Roster
Season Summary
Another year, another missed NCAA tournament for a storied program. After an NCAA record 22 straight appearances ended in 2013, the Wolverines haven’t been back since. Yet again, Michigan showed some signs of life by reaching a conference tournament final. And yet again, Michigan was ousted and their tournament hopes dashed. Michigan went 4-3-0 against ranked opponents and dominated Michigan State and Ohio State (going 7-3-0 including wins in the Great Lakes Invitational, the Coyote Logistics Hockey City Classic at Soldier Field and the Big Ten Tournament). Still, anything short of an NCAA berth is a failure for Michigan and that’s exactly what this past season was.
2015-2016 Season Schedule
Drafted Players on Roster:
  • Nicholas Boka: D, 2015 (6th round, 171st overall) by MIN
  • Joseph Cecconi: D, 2015 (5th round, 133rd overall) by DAL
  • J.T. Compher: F, 2013 (2nd round, 35th overall) by BUF
  • Kyle Connor: F, 2015 (1st round, 17th overall) by WIN
  • Nolan De Jong: D, 2013 (7th round, 197th overall) by MIN
  • Mike Downing: D, 2013 (4th round, 97th overall) by FLA
  • Cooper Marody: F, 2015 (6th round, 158th overall) by PHI
  • Tyler Motte: F, 2013 (4th round, 121st overall) by CHI
  • Zach Nagelvoort: G, 2014 (4th round, 111th overall) by EDM
  • Cristoval Nieves: F, 2012 (2nd round, 59th overall) by NYR
  • Brendan Warren: F, 2015 (3rd round, 81st overall) by ARI
  • Zach Werenski: D, 2015 (1st round, 8th overall) by CBJ
Key Games
Key Game #1: November 20th and 21st at Boston University. In the traditional early season matchup against another heavyweight program, Michigan will travel to Boston to face a Terriers team hot off a Frozen Four appearance. This meeting is the 5th week of the season for Michigan, so the Wolverines should have had plenty of time to begin to jell. A strong performance against BU could provide a huge boost for the rest of the season.
Key Game #2: February 5th and 6th, at Michigan State. The first game of this meeting is actually the neutral ice game in Joe Louis Arena while the second is a true road game. None the less, as the season winds down Michigan will most likely be hoping for a strong showing against their rival in their second meeting (first is January 8th and 9th, and possibly the 30th in the Great Lakes Invitational).
Key Game #3: February 25th and 26th, at Minnesota. As good as Michigan’s history has been, Minnesota is right up there with them. And lately, the Gophers are outpacing the Wolverines. This meeting is the second series between the two and comes a mere three weeks before the end of the regular season. Conference tournament seeding could be up for grabs here, not to mention momentum and an indication of if Michigan is ready to compete again for a tournament berth.
Players to Watch
JT Compher, F, Junior: The captain of this team, Compher was a second team All-Big Ten selection and Freshman of the Year two seasons ago. Last season, Compher’s output dipped from 11-20-31 in 35 games to 12-12-14 in 34 games. That might be in part due to some of his teammates lighting it up, and clearly Compher is still a big part of the Wolverines team as indicated by his selection as captain. With the top three scorers gone from last season, look for Compher to step up his production.
Zach Werenski, D, Sophomore: Fresh off his selection 8th overall in the NHL draft, Werenski returns to Michigan hoping to build on an impressive freshman campaign. Werenski was a First Team All-Big Ten Selection and a unanimous All Freshman Big Ten selection. An incredibly balanced two way defenseman, Werenski put up a 9-16-25 line last season while playing solid defense. In a defensive unit stacked with NHL draft picks, Werenski is the key to Michigan’s success and should have another outstanding season.
Tyler Motte, F, Junior: The leading scorer returning to the Wolverines this season (4th last season with a 9-22-31 line in 36 games), Motte was an alternate captain last season and should fill the same role again this season. A gifted passer, Motte will have to set up to fill the skates left empty by the Wolverines ahead of him who graduated or went on the the NHL.
Season Outlook
As usual Michigan ices a roster loaded with NHL talent. 12 out of 25 players for the Wolverines have already been drafted, including 5 of 9 defensemen. There is no doubt Michigan will host one of the most talented rosters in the nation, but the question again is: can they make it work? The schedule for the Wolverines isn’t too difficult - outside of Boston U their OOC schedule is fairly weak. Is this the year the Wolverines pushes their way back into the national picture? My gut says yes, but at the same time this is more of the same song and dance from the Wolverines as of late. Only time will tell.
Addendum One
Michigan’s History
Greatest Players:
Red Berenson, F: Their current coach, Berenson also spent four years at Michigan (sitting out his freshman year). Berenson was Michigan’s MVP and an All-American his junior and senior seasons. The final season was his best, putting up 43 goals and 27 assists in just 28 games and guiding Michigan to a third place finish in the tournament (after losing to CLARKSON! in the semi-finals). The 43 goals and 9 hat tricks from his senior season are both still Michigan records.
Berenson also became the first player to ever go directly from college hockey to the NHL, taking a bus to Boston to play for Montreal the day following his win in the NCAA consolation game. Berenson ended his NHL career with 261 goals and 397 assists in 987 games across 17 seasons. He was a 6 time all star and won two Stanley Cups, and was the first NHL player to score 6 goals playing on the road.
Brendan Morrison, F: Morrison burt unto the scene in Michigan, with a 20 goal and 28 assists freshman season that earned him the CCHA rookie of the year award. Morrison only elevated his play from there, totaling 76, 72 and 88 points over his final three seasons. Morrison was a first team CCHA player each season (and three time All American) and was the CCHA player of the year his final two seasons. The highlight of his career was his 88 point senior season; behind 31 goals and 57 assists Morrison became the first Michigan player to win the Hobey Baker award (1997).
Morrison finished his career as Michigan’s all time points leader with 284 points in 155 games. He has bounced around the NHL, totalling 200 goals and 401 assists in 934 career games. He last player for Chicago during the 2011-2012 season and is currently a free agent.
Marty Turco, G: Turco spent four seasons at Michigan, and was good in all of them. His 127 wins is a Michigan and NCAA record, and Turco also retired as Michigan’s leader in shutouts (15) and games played by a goalie (165) along with top ten finishes in GAA, SV% and saves. Perhaps most importantly, Turco was in net for Michigan for their last NCAA championship.
Turco would play 9 of his 10 NHL seasons with Dallas, finding immediate success. Turco set the NHL record for GAA in his rookie season. He set the record for games played in net for the Stars at 509 and consecutive games started at 24. He made three All Star teams while in Dallas.
Shawn Hunwick, G: When I originally submitted this post two years ago, two separate users (nahanahs and kurpit) brought to my attention a player I should have absolutely included: Shawn Hunwick. nahanahs provided this long, in depth look at Hunwick’s career. It’s well worth reading, but I’m including kurpit’s summary for those of you who don’t quite want to read that much.
Shout out to Shawn Hunwick. The 5'7" walk-on goalie turned CCHA best goaltender.
Shawn walked onto the team in 07-08 and saw only 2 shots in his first 2 years on the team. In his junior season, Shawn was called upon to play after Brian Hogan was injured in net vs Notre Dame. He proceeded to help Michigan win the CCHA Tournament and receive CCHA Tournament MVP award. The following year nothing changed. He shut out MSU in the Big Chill, won CCHA Best Goaltender - lowest GAA in conference play (1.95) on route to a CCHA regular season championship, and a trip to the Frozen Four title game with an unbelievable shutout of tournament favorite North Dakota in the 2nd round.
Shawn would finish his U of M career as Michigan's all-time leader in GAA and save percentage, and ranks fourth in shutouts and seventh in wins.
Thank you to both for their contributions, and for bringing to my attention this incredible story!
Greatest Coaches:
Vic Heyliger: 195-41-11. Coach from 1994 until 1957. Heyliger created the Michigan powerhouse that dominated early collegiate hockey, earning 10 Frozen Four selections and 6 NCAA Championships during his career. Almost half of Michigan’s All Americans played for Heyliger (24 of 53), and during his tenure there was never fewer than two Wolverines on the All American squad.
Heyliger is also said to be largely responsible for helping shift the power of hockey from the East to the West at the time; 18 of the first 20 NCAA championships were won by “western” schools in a push lead largely by Michigan. Heyliger had a huge impact on not just Michigan but college hockey as a whole, and his spot in the US Hockey Hall of Fame is deserved.
Red Berenson: 810-399-84. Coach from 1984 to present. The legendary Michigan forward returned to his school in 1984 to become head coach, and he hasn’t let go since. Totalling only 4 losing seasons since taking over, Berenson guided his Wolverines to the NCAA record for consecutive tournament appearances. He is currently 4th all time in wins, second among active coaches (trailing all time leader Jerry York) and only the 4th head coach to reach 800 career wins. Heyliger created a powerhouse, but Berenson has kept it going in an era where more and more talent is coming to the college level. He’s a legend adding to his tale at this point.
Greatest Games:
Michigan 3 Colorado College 2, 1996 NCAA Championship. In a thrilling game that went to OT, Michigan managed to topple Colorado College and claim their first national championship in 32 years. Here is a youtube highlight video of the game.
Michigan 8 Dartmouth 4, 1947 NCAA Championship. The first NCAA sanctioned championship was claimed by none other than Michigan. In a thrilling game where Dartmouth had a 4-2 lead after 11 minutes had passed in the second, Michigan would go on to score six unanswered goals and run past Dartmouth to prove without a doubt they were the best around. No highlight video for this one, sorry guys.
Michigan 5 Michigan State 0, December 11th 2010. Known as the “Big Chill at the Big House,” the two teams went head to head on a sheet of ice in the center of Michigan Stadium. Unlike the previous record setting meeting by these two teams (which ended in a tie), Michigan would have no trouble blowing out their rivals. Here’s the highlights for this one.
What is and what is to come
The future of Michigan hockey is much more murky for the present than it is in the future. Right now, this is a team coming off of a bad stretch. Fans hoped one missed tournament was a blip; they’ve now gone three straight years and counting. However, Michigan clearly has enough talent to compete and almost broke through last year. They have had a string of strong recruiting classes, and their talent is distributed nicely rather than being a senior-dependent team. This season could go either way, with Michigan dominating and returning as a national power or as another fizzled failure and missed tournament berth.
In the future, Michigan hockey should continue to be Michigan hockey. This is a national brand that has history few to no schools can match. And the school itself is one of the greatest in the nation. Talent should continue to come in, and Michigan will continue to play tough hockey.
Miscellaneous
Unfortunately the user who originally claimed Michigan missed their deadline, and I have not heard back despite numerous attempts seeking an update as of late. I recycled most of this post from the version submitted two years ago, tweaking it as I saw fit. Hopefully I did a program with the history of Michigan proud!
Subreddits
/CollegeHockey - For even more information about college hockey (men’s and women’s!)
/60Teams60Days - For further information about this series
Apologies to y8c for posting this on the same day as his submission for Brown. Sadly, with the tight schedule there are no "open" days for schools that need to be submitted late, meaning a few will double up. Michigan was due to kick us off on the 8th and since it's been longer than one week, any user was free to submit a post for them ASAP.
Please be sure to give y8c's post for Brown a look as well!
https://www.reddit.com/hockey/comments/3i76pg/60_teams_60_days_brown_university_bears/
submitted by JohnDoeMonopoly to hockey [link] [comments]


Marty Turco Girlfriend 2020: Dating History & Exes ...